Priscilla Carter Burnett’s Boys and Saunders’ Y-DNA Inheritance

One of the areas of inquiry pursued by this website has been a mystery in the genealogical records of Bedford County, Virginia. There, the will of Williamson Burnett contained provisions denying his patrimony of three boys borne of his wife, Priscilla Carter Burnett, all three of whom took Williamson’s surname. A Bedford County court order existed, ordering Williamson to refrain from abusing Priscilla. After Williamson’s death, Priscilla received the widow’s portion of Williamson’s Revolutionary War pension, upon the testimony of reputable community citizens, including Williamson’s eldest son of undisputed legitimacy.

A case could be made, both for and against, the proposition that Williamson’s charges of illetimacy were vengeful and invalid and that the three disputed sons were, in fact, legitimate. The decision of a neighbor, Julius Saunders, to apprentice the three boys, led some to speculate that he (or, aternatively, a close relative of Julius’) rather than, Williamson, was the boys’ father. But, those many years ago, it seemed impossible ever to know for sure.

In the first decade of this century, I took a y-dna test from Utah’s Sorenson Molecular Genealogy Foundation (SMGF) (that in 2012 became part of, not expecting that test to have any relationship to the Bedford County issues. However, a mission of the SMGF was to match y-dna data to the predominant surnames associated with a person’s y-dna date. Accordingly, the SMFG reported to me that the surname that best fit my data was “Saunders”.

This revelatory information led to the dedicaton of much of this website’s attention to the fascinating history of the Saunders family in England, the English Colonies, and the succeeding United States. Much attention was given to the y-dna information, including the proof that descendants of all three of Priascilla Carter Burnett’s sons born in the first decade of the 19th century had y-dna results that proved they were closely related to the descendants of each of the three boys.

But was there a way to prove that their y-dna was derived from the same ancestral lines as their suspected father, Julius Saunders? In recent years the y-dna data from persons surnamed Saunders (and the surname’s variant Sanders) have been collected from persons whose ancestry is demonstrably or plausibly related to Julius Saunders.

Comparison of subsets of the y-dna data – such as the values of y-dna SNPs that are shared by male descendants of Julius and his close relatives and the descendants of Priscilla’s boys – eliminates any remaining doubts that the father of the three boys is Julius Saunders or a close male relative of him.

However, I believe that the same perusal of y-dna SNPs that settled the Bedford County, Virginia matters may indeed prove to have a much larger role in Saunders genealogy. In past years, I have posted historical and genealogical information on the mercantile activities of the Saunders family groups data back to early in the past millenium. But as more Saunders males (and their male relatives with a Most Recent Common Ancestor in historical times) take y-dna tests, the opportunity will present itself to use reported y-dna data as an important clue as to where search of genealogical records should occur.

When I look at the pooled data of various surname and other groups with whom I share my y-dna data, I immediately search for those persons in Haplogroup 1I-M253 whose SNP DYS455=8 as opposed (in this haplogroup) to the frequently observed DYS455=11. I think, through such studies (and further refinements of what in the y-dna to look for), that we will identify and genealogically confirm the existence of closely related mercantile families in the ports of London and elsewhere in Southern England and Colonial America, whose men share an historically-recent MRCA.

Posted in BURNETT | Comments Off on Priscilla Carter Burnett’s Boys and Saunders’ Y-DNA Inheritance

“Smoking Gun”: Williamson Burnett Sues Julius Saunders For “Ravishing” Priscilla Carter Burnett for Over Five Years

For anyone interested in discussing the evidence presented in this trial (and the subtext of that “evidence”, contact me at

The following court documents present strong evidence that supplements corroborating y-dna studies conducted by descendants of William, Joseph and Christopher Ammon Burnett: that Julius Saunders was the father and Priscilla Carter the mother of each of the three boys:


Virginia Superior Court of Law Holden for Bedford County, to wit:

Williamson Burnett complains of Julius Saunders in custody ___ for this, to wit, that the said Defendant on the 6th day of June in the year of our Lord 1805 and at divers other days and times, between that day and the 12th day of April of the year 1810 at the Parish of Russell & County aforesaid and within the Jurisdiction of the Superior Court of Law holden in and for the said County, with force and arms ___ on Priscilla, the wife of the said Plaintiff, did make an assault, an her, the said Priscilla did there ravish, be with, and carnally know, and from the home of the said Plaintiff did take with him, whereby the Plaintiff lost & was deprived of the company & comfort of his said wife. And also for this to wit that the said Defendant on the 6th day of June in the year of our lord 1805 and at divers other days & times between that day & the 12th day of April in the year 1810 at the Parish of Russell in the County aforesaid & within the jurisdiction of the Superior Court of Law holden in and for the said County, with force and arms on the said Priscilla the wife of him, the said Plaintiff did make an assault, and her the said Priscilla did then & there ravish, be with and carnally know, and did take & keep her the said Priscilla from him, the said Plaintiff, whereby the said Plaintiff lost and was deprived of the comfort & company of his said wife; and other outrages he, the said Defendant than & there committed; whereby the sad Plaintiff hath sustained damages to the value of $5000 & therefore he sues.

John Dadney

1810 (October 20)

Williamson Burnett vs Julius Saunders (Bedford County in Superior Court of Law)

The deposition of Susannah Hale taken at the house of Mr John Newlen this 20th day of October 1810 of Lawful age bing first sworn on the Holy Evangelist of Almighty God deposeth and sayeth that as well as she can recollect in the summer of 1804 she was at Williamson Burnett’s when a dispute took place between said Burnett & his wife. Said Burnett told his wife that if she stayed with him he shold (should) put her under the negroes. His wife replied if that was to be the case she wold (would) go away. This deponent further sayeth that in short time she started to go home & that the said Williamson Burnett’s wife started with her; they had not gone far before Williamson came after them and asked his wife to go back. His wife replied that she cold (could) not go back on his terms and further his deponent sayeth not.

[Susannah Hale (X-her mark) Sworn to before us this 20th day of October 1810. Samuel Hancock, William Hopkins]

The deposition of Charles Raley of Lawfull age taken at the house of John Newlen in said county being first sworn on the Holy Evangelist of Almighty God deposeth and sayeth as well as he can recollect in March Eighteen Hundred and Seven he happened at Julius Saunders ____ house & after some conversation it was mentioned by some one in company that Williamson said he believed that the youngest child that his had was Julius Saunderses son. Said Julius Saunders answered and said we are commanded to multply & replenish the Earth and further this deponent sayeth not.

[Charles Realey. Sworn to before us this 20th day of October 1810. Samuel Hancock, William Hopkins]


In obedience to a commission issued from the office of the Superior Court of Law holden for Bedford County to us directed, we have caused Nancy Saunders to appear before us this 7th day of September 1811 at the house of Pleasant Saunders in the County of Franklin who being first sworn on the Holy Evangelist of Almighty God the truth to say in a matter of controversy in said court depending wherein Williamson Burnett is plaintiff and Julius Saunders is Defendant – deposit & saith:

That some time after the Plaintiff and his wife had parted she was at the house of Philemon Saunders where she happened in company with the Plaintiff and a conversation took place between herself and the Plaintiff respecting his separating himself from his wife, she asked him the reason of their separation & why he whipped his wife to which he replied, “because she was so saucy”. This deponent told him it must have proceeded from lies or he must have seen something between the Defendant Julius Saunders and his wife, he replied he had seen nothing only their talking together, and said he was told his wife had been a bad woman ever since she had grown up, and if white men only had been indecently familiar with her he could put with it and further said he was told the morning after he had married hr that she was given to whoredom, th he had watched her since and had seen many mean actions committd by her, that he had talked with her and tried to persuade her to leave them off.

Question by the Plaintiff:

Did not you see a shild of my wife’s who bore a great resemblance to the Defendant?

Ans: I did.

Question by the Plaintiff:

How did myself & wife live togther before this affair broke out?

Ans: Very well as far as I ever knew.

Question by the Plaintiff:

Do you know whether the Defendant has visited my wife since our separation?

Ans: I heard so

. . . and further sayeth not.

Th same is accordingly certified by us.

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Sorting the Saunders by First Name: Lemuel

I have recently come upon information that I am a close relative of the late Otis E. Saunders of Louisiana, whose descendancy from a Lemuel Saunders of Pittsylvania County, Virginia is genealogically proven.

The next step is genealogically to establish the links between Otis’ ancestor Lemuel and other Saunders lines (or in the lines of Surnames of families who have intermarried with and/are closely associated with the Saunders lines) in which the first name Lemuel recurs. There are a number of records that researchers have found with that name or that appear indexed official records. This exercise is designed to place these records in chronological order.

In addition to placing these references in chronological order, I believe it constructive to note the geographical areas that these records reference, in preparation for a more thorough analysis of migration patterns of various branches of the Saunders family through Maryland, Virginia and North Carolina.

This exercise is proving instructive, suggesting new places to concentrate research, and noting some obvious and some probable errors in information currently available on the Internet and elsewhere.

Such areas of further research, are:

  1. the identification of the religions in whose services each person participates, particularly those demoninations that in the English colonial period would have been considered “dissenters”, especially Quakers and Baptists.
  2. the influence (or attempted influence) of the English Quaker movement on the colonial Quakers.
  3. the tenets of the Quaker faith in conflict with existence of slavery in the colonies, and to the Revolutionary spirit of th 1770s.

I invite other researchers interested in this exercise, who have information not shown here to contact me at


Lamuell Saunders, male, son of Francis Saunders

Christening Date, 6 April 1619 Saint Andrew Parish, Enfield, London, England

[WHB – Note that the name Lemuel appear in the 17th century in England and


Lemuel Saunders, son of Francis Saunders and Isabell, christened 16 January 1675, in Saint Andrew Parish, Enfield, London County, England


Lemuel Saunders, born in Virginia, later marries Martha Selling (1748-1800), has nine children (Sarah, 1770; Mary, 1771, Edward, 1774, Samuel, 1777, Lemuel, 1779, and Jessee, 1780).

[WHB – See my remarks for 1740 entry. Note also that the surname “Selling” does not appear in the index of heads of household in the 1790 Virginia or North Carolina census documents. The surname “Salling” (which also does not appear in either index does occur Bedford County, Virginia records.]


This entry from Joyce Emalene (Little) Graham, dated from 2010, appears on Geni:

Lemuel Saunders, born 1740 in Augusta County, Virginia, died October 26, 1795 in Lincoln County, NC. Husband of Martha (Self) Saunders and Martha Self. Father of Lemuel Saunders, Thomas Saunders and Lemuel Saunders.

[WHB(1): On the Geni Timeline it shows Lemuel Saunders born 174o in Augusta County, and son Thomas Saunders born Augusta County 1765, the first son named Lemuel Saunders born in Lincoln County, NC in 1769 with unknown dates for Lemuel Saunders (b. 1740) marriages to first, Martha Self and then Martha Saunders, and no date for an unknown date for his second son named Lemuel. In Emmalene Graham’s documentation on son Thomas Saunders (born in Augusta County), she shows him as the brother of Lemuel and half-brother of the other Lemuel, then as father of Elisha Saunders.]

[WHB(2) – In the second entry below for the year 1767, refer to Bill Browder’s speculation (made in 1998) on the information that a Lemuel Saunders showed on a delinquent tax role in Augusta County. Although unproven, this was perhaps the source of the belief that Lemuel Saunders (died 1795 in Lincoln County NC) was born in Augusta County, Virginia.]


Lemuel Sanders, son of Daniel Sanders (?-1816) and Mehitable Pratt Sanders (1720-1746) born 7 Jun 1746 in Rutland, Worcester County, Massachusetts. Married Thankful Mason Watson (1742-1818) c. 1770. Died February 5, 1800.


The following is from Alfred Nixon’s The History of Lincoln County, North Carolina, a series of newspaper arciles published in 1935 in the Lincoln County News which indicates that attributing the birthplace of Lemuel Saunders (died in Lincoln, N.C. in 1795) as having been born in Lincoln in 1735 is suspect:

“The first pale face (WHB-sic!) to set foot on the soil of Lincoln was the bold pioneer, John Beatty. One of his land grants bears the date of July 17th, 1749, He settled on the west bank of the Catawba . . .”


From Quaker records: Gunpowder, Maryland

Monthly Meeting, Baltimore County, Maryland, “Richard Belt, son of John Belt, of Gunpowder in Baltimore County married Keturah Price, daughter of John Price of Gunpowder in Baltimore County on 24th day of first month called January 1760.” Among those in attendance was a Lemuel Saunders. 


Brethren historian Roger Sappington and John Scott Davenport research deeds and other land records to find out more details about the Carolina Brethren. They noted that Christopher Guice (or Guss) purchased land along Middle Creek, west of the Catawba River in 1756. Guice sold is land in 176. Edwards reported that Samuel Saunder, not Guice, was the minister at Catawba, so Guice must have moved away. Samuel Saunder (or Saunders) appeared in land records in 1767. Thereafter he appears as Lemuel Saunders, who was named in land transactions in the same are in 1772 and in the 1790 census.

Religious Traditions of North Carolina: Histories, Tenets and Leaders, edited by W. Glenn Jones, Jr., p. 50

[WHB: There is evidence of a tendency of some researchers to assume that the “Samuel” and “Lemuel” are simply misspellings of the same name. Both, however, are Biblical names. “Lemuel” mean “for god” in Hebrew, is the name of a king mentioned in the Book of Proverbs, and (although, it seems less likely that it would influence the naming of Quaker boys in mid-Atlantic colonies), it was the first name of Jonathan Swift’s Gulliver of Gulliver’s Travels (1726). The Hebrew name “Samuel” often is translated “God has heard”. It became a popular English name associated with Protestantism.]

[WHB: Catawba, NC is in the Piedmont at 886′ elevation. It is 125 miles Southeast of Martinsville, VA (1017′ elevation), county seat of Pittsylvania County.]


“Lemuel Saunders witnessed a deed in January of 1767 in what is now Lincoln Co., N.C. (A Lemuel Saunders appeared on a delinquent tax list for Augusta County, VA. that same year but we’re not sure it was the same one.) Lemuel Saunders died in 1795 leaving a widow (Martha), five sons and at least four daughters. The sons were identified in the estate settlement as Thomas, Lemuel Jr, Edward, Samuel and Jessee. The daughters were not identified but w are sure they included Mary (No record of birth, death or marriage. Witnessed deeds and other papers along with Lemuel), Sarah (married John Self), Elizabeth (married Jacob Henry Painter) and Martha “Patsey” (married Hezekiah Beaver) . . . There are some researchers who believe that Lemuel’s parents could be Thomas and Juduth? Saunders. Thomas was a descendant o the Edward Saunders who came to Virginia on the ship “Safety”. Thomas married Juduth about 1742 and after selling land he inherited from his father in 1755, moved to southern Maryland.”

Bill Browder, Selmer TN, Sanders Sifting, No. 15 October/98


Lemuel Saunders is born August 29, 1769 in Lincoln County, North Carolina. He is the son of Lemuel Saunders and Martha Self Saunders. He marries Willy Ann Abernathy (1772-1860), daughter of James Abernathy and Elizabeth. She is the mother of Joseph Thomas Saunders, born January 25, 1803 (died 1881 in Sherrills, Ford, Catawba County, NC)

Sources: Tricia Leazur Beaver and Rosemary Moore (Descendants of Lemuel Saunders Sr. of Lincoln County, NC).


” . . . Lemuel [Saunders] first appears in the land records [of Lincoln County, NC].

The Brethren in the Carolinas: the history of the Church of the Brethren in the District of North and South Carolina, Duke University Library.


Lemuel Saunders (1779-1843), born in Lincoln, North Carolina on 29 August 1779. He was son of Lemuel Saunders (1735-1795) born in Virginia, and Mary Selling (1748-1800). According to entries on Lemuel Saunders married Willey Ann Abernathy (born in Lincoln, NC in 1813, daughter of James Abernathy and Elizabeth Cox). and had nine children.

WHB – The record includes the information that Lemuel Saunders and Willy Ann Abernathy had nine children Joseph Thomas Saunders (1804-1892), Louisa Saunders (1805-1847) and Amy Maria Saunders (1808-1894), Ann Saunders (1808-unknown) and Miles A. Saunders (1812-1840) were born prior to their mother’s birth and one Hiram Casson Saunders (1816-1849) was born when Willy Ann was an infant. The only plausible child listed is Martha Salina Saunders (1831-1850).


Jessee Saunders, son of Lemuel Saunders (born 1735 in Virginia) and Mary Selling, born, dies in 1830). He marries Willy Ann Abernathy (1813-1850).


The following entries from the 1783 census of Virginia County (Richmond County on Virginia’s Northern Neck (no proximity to the state capital). This is apparently the only county in the state in which families surnamed Saunders or Sanders and surnamed Self appear.

The following entries are possibly related to Lemuel Sa(u)nders who married Martha Self, prior to the birth of their first son Thomas Saunders in Lincoln County, N. C. The two figures after each name represent “whites” (first numeral) and “blacks” (second numeral)

Richmond County Port of Toluskey: Jeremiah Self (3-0)

Upper District of Lunenberg Parish: William Sanders Jr (7-0), William Sanders Sr (3-0), Almond Sanders (2-0), Alexander Saundeers (2-0), Presley Self (4-0)


From Heads of Families, North Carolina – North Morgan District, Lincoln County – Ninth Company, p. 114

[WHB – numbers following each “head of family” are the count of 1) free white males 16 and over; 2) free whit males less than 16; 3) free white females; 4) all other free persons; and 5) slaves. Heads of families are listed alphabetically rather than the order appearing in the list.]

Abernathy, B 1-2-3-0-1; Abernathy, Charles 1-3-3-0-1; Abernathy, David, Sr. 3-1-2-0-18; Abernathy, David 1-2-3-0-2; Abernathy James 1-0-4-0-0; Abernathy, John 1-0-6-0-1; Abernathy, Robert 1-1-5-0-1; Abernathy, Sarah 5-0-1-0-11; Abernathy, Tarnu 2-2-1-0-2; Abernathy, William, 1-3-3-0-0

Sanders, Lemuel 3-4-5-0-0; Sanders, Thomas, 1-0-1-0-0


That Lemuel was a minister was indicated in 1794 when he was listd as the elder of the Long Creek Baptist church at the time of its re-organization. This congregation which is thought to have been in existence at least as early as the 1770’s may well have been the successor of the Catawba Brethren congregation.

From The Brethren in the Carolinas” the history of the Church of the Brethren in the District of North and South Carolina, Duke University Library


Jane, wife of Lemuel Sanders, buried 23 Jan 1794 at Mitcham, Surrey, England


In 1794, Lemuel Saunders was listed as the pastor of the Long Creek Baptist Church.


At the time of Lemuel Saunders’ death on October 26, 1795, he had at least six children: Thomas, Lemuel Jr, Edward, Samuel, Jesse and Martha.

From The Brethren in the Carolinas” the history of the Church of the Brethren in the District of North and South Carolina, Duke University Library

[WHB: There is considerable confusion around the birthplace and birthdate of Lemuel Saunders, who died in August 1795 in Lincoln, North Carolina. Various family trees show Lemuel Saunders as born “in Virginia” in 1735, or in Lincoln, North Carolina in 1735, or in Augusta County, Virginia in 1740. I think the claim of a birth in Lincoln in 1735 is erroneous (see the WHB note o the 1749 entry), and the claim of a birth in Augusta County very suspect (see the entry for 1740, note WHB(2).]


Lemuel Saunders (1798-1849), son of Edward Saunders (1775-?) and Elizabeth Goodson (1774-?) and grandson of Lemuel Saunders (1740-1795) born in Lincoln County, NC


Joseph Thomas Saunders, born 25 January 1803 in Lincoln County, North Carolina. He was the son of Lemuel Saunders (1769-?) and Willy Ann Abernathy Saunders (1772-1860).

He was the father of Wade Lemuel Saunders (1852-1933) by his first wife Margaret (Saunders) (1829-1911)

The information appears on Geni, added and managed by Suzanne Marie Saunders in 2010.

[WHB – The birth and death dates for Willy Ann Abernathy Saunders are plausible, whereas the dates appearing on are impossible.]


Purchase of land by Lemuel SAUNDERS in Lincoln County, North Carolina, then sold in 1811.

belonging to said tract which was sold Apr 12, 1808
by Richard WALKER to Lemuel SAUNDERS. [signed] Lemuel
SAUNDERS; witness John B HARRY jurat & Jacob MICHAELS.
Rec. Jul 1812 Bk 25 p 347


Lincoln County Deed Book 23:

1036. Nov 2, 1811 Lemuel SAUNDERS to John HOKE; for $180
sold 393 ac in two tracts: (a) 354 ac on waters of Buffaloe Cr &
Little Cr of Buffaloe Cr; border: SAUNDERS, WALKER & a branch;
and (b) 39 ac on Little Cr of Buffaloe Cr and in the forks of a branch
of said creek; belonging to said tract which was sold Apr 12, 1808
by Richard WALKER to Lemuel SAUNDERS. [signed] Lemuel
SAUNDERS; witness John B HARRY jurat & Jacob MICHAELS.
Rec. Jul 1812 Bk 25 p 347


Lemuel S. Saunders born 9 May 1829 in Lincoln County, North Carolina, son of Samuel Saunders (1810-1860) and Mary Miller ()


Macon County Poll Books Scroll of 1835 Voters for Congress

Entry 166 p. 233 Lemuel Saunders

[WHB – Macon County (county seat, Franklin) is located in the Great Smoky Mountains, 282 miles Southeast of Martinsville, VA]


Marriage Bonds of Bedford County, Virginia

  • Dec. 5, 1836; Lemuel Saunders & Polly McGhee, dt Martha N.; Flail P. Payne, Surety.


Lemuel S. Saunders (1829-1909), son of Samuel Saunders (1810-1860) and Mary Miller (1791-?), marries Mary Elizabeth Keys in Flint District, Indian Territory, Oklahoma about September 1875.

Source: Rosemary Moore, Descendants of Lemuel Saunders Sr of Lincoln County, North Carolina


Lemuel M. Sanders, son of Willis Troy Sanders (1853-1938) and Ella Moye (1855-1911), born in Wilson, North Carolina. Married Bernadette Cheevers (1878-1936). He died in Mobile, Alabama in 1941.


From The Baptist Home Mission Monthly, Volumes 3-4

Missionaries appointed in January 1881:

Rev. Lemuel Sanders, Pilgrim Rest Church, Flint, Indian Territory


Branson’s North Carolina Business Directory …: Volume 7

List of Farmers – Currituck County – Poplar Branch: Lemuel Saunders

[WHB: Poplar Branch is on North Carolina’s Atlantic Coast on Currituck sound.]

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Elizabeth Ellyson (1701/6-?) New Kent, Hanover Counties, VA


ELIZABETH ELLYSON born in Saint Peter’s parish, New Kent County, Virginia, daughter of GERARD ROBERT ELLYSON and ANNE MYHILL


Gerrard Robert Ellyson II [collateral], Quaker, born c 1672, died 16 December 1749. Married Sarah by 28 February 1700, when as a couple they witnessed marriage of Thos. Loukford and Martha West. Slave Tamar and her daughter Lucy, left to his widow Sarah, she gave by deed to her son Robert.

Sources: Bedell, Dr. Robert and Elizabeth Ellyson; Society of Friends records, Henrico Monthly Records, 1st month 8th 1700, 2nd 7th 1726, 3rd 6th 1738; Virginia Genealogies and Biographies, “Maryland and Virginia Colonials,” vol. 1, pp. 235-56

  • Robert Ellyson, born 1690, died b 23 July 1772, married Sarah Crew 1714
  • Agatha Ellyson, born 1692, married John Crew Junior 1717
  • William Ellyson, born 1697, died 1779, married Agnes 1722, Jane 1734
  • Hannah Ellyson, born 1700, died 1774, married Andrew Crew 1720
  • Elizabeth Ellyson, born 1702, married John Johnson II 1725
  • Cecilia Ellyson, born 1704, died 1772, married Thomas Elmore III 1729
  • Judith Ellyson, born 1705, married James Ladd 1726
  • Ursula Ellyson, born 1710, married William Ladd Junior 1730
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My German-Swiss Ancestors who settled Orangeburg, South Carolina

The following is an excerpt from The South Carolina Gazette, dated July 19, 1735, entitled: “Containing the freshest Advices foreign and Domestic. From saturday, July 12, to Saturday, July 19, 1735.”

Charles-Town, July 19. On Sunday last arrived here Capt. Hugh Percy in 9 weeks from Rotterdam and 6 from Cowes, with 250 Switzers on board, who are come to settle a Township on the King’s Land in this Province upon the Encouragement granted to other Foreigners. Amongst them are Ninety fit to bear Arms, and it is not doubted but there settling in this Proince will much contribute to its Strength, and by their Industry and Laboriousness lend to its great Advantage; there being in some parts of this Province very good Land for Wheat and Corn, they may probably upon proper Encouragement furnish us in time with a good Quantity of that necessary and so much wanting Commodity, which now we are obliged to purchase at what rate forever from our neighbours.

The Province of Pennsylvania, to which these several Years past many thousands (some will say above 70,000) of persecuted Palatines and Switzers have taken their refuge, is thereby brought in such a flourishing Condition, that between the 25th of March 1734 and the 25th of March 1735 from thence is exported Wheat, 195,028 Bushels, 1300 Tierces, Indian Corn, 10464 Bushels, Flour 37,231 Barrels, 1536 Half-barrels; Bread 3232 Tierces, 8474 Barrels, 693 Half-barrels and 681 Qu. Casks.

On Thursday His Honor the Lieutenant Governor being petitioned by those Switzers, that they might be qualified, in order to enjoy the same Privileges and Liberties as natural born Subjects osf the King of England, called a Council, and directed Tho: Dale, Tho: Lamboll and Henry Gibbes Esqrs; three of his Majesty’s Justices of the Peace, to administer to so many of them as desired it the Oath of Allegiance and to let them subscribe the Test, according to a Law made for that purpose, when accordingly in the Afternoon the same were read to Seventy-six of them then present (those being sick and absent to the Number of Fourteen) in the German Tongue by an Interpreter sworn to that purpose, and having explain’d to them the meaning of it; and they all being willing to take this Oath, the same was again read in English by one of the aforesaid his Majesty’s Justices, and interpreted by short Sentences, which they all repeated, and at the Conculsion subscribed to the aforeseaid Oath and Test.

They are to settle a Township upon Edisto River, which is thought the best Ground for Wheat, Corn, Hemp and Flax, as also for planting of Vineyards.

The Ship St. Andrew, Capt. Peter Robinson, came out the same Time with Capt. Percy from Cowes, having on board about 200 Palatines, and is expected here every Day.

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St Ann’s Parish, Albermarle County, Virginia: Notes from the 1810 Census,

Various families from which I am directly descended or who are related married or are in-laws of direct ancestors show in the 1810 Census of St Ann’s Parish in Albemarle County, VA

Thomas E. Randolph

John Randolph

Rubaro Pleasants

Richard Pleasants

Henry Oaks

George Norwell

James Norwell

John Norwell

James Norwell

Sandy Sudderth

Jarrott Suddarth

James Suddarth

William Suddarth

Also noteworthy:

Joseph Sutharland

Judah Sutharland

Thomas Jefferson 14-2-3-4-2-12

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Colonel David Saunders, Halifax County, Bedford County (1761-1845)

In a previous post about Julius Saunders of Bedford County, and the fact that he apprenticed three boys born to Priscilla Carter Burnett, the wife of Williamson Burnett. All three of the boys were disinherited and repudiated by Williamson Burnett in his will at Williamson’s death in 1823.

I had noted the intervention of a David Saunders in obtaining an official warning from Bedford County leaders in 1805 to Williamson Burnett regarding his behavior towards is wife Priscilla, followed by another complaint about Williamson’s behavior in 1806.

I had asked the question as to the identity of the person who obtained an official reprimand for Williamson’s behavior towards Priscilla.

Although I do not have evidence at present that the David Saunders for whom selected life milestones follow is the David Saunders who brought Williamson Burnett’s transgressions against his wife, Priscilla Carter Burnett, David Saunders did have magisterial duties in Bedford County.

Although David Saunders is not a brother of Julius Saunders, he appears to be a first cousin. He also has a connection to Priscilla’s family. He is married to a Leftwich, as will be Priscilla’s son, Christopher Ammon.

If this is the David Saunders who reported Williamson to county officials on two separate occasions, it does not necessarily follow that there was a personal relationship between David Saunders and Priscilla.


David Saunders born February 1761 in Hanover County, Virginia, the son of Thomas Saunders (1730-1784) and Elizabeth Rice (1735-1790).


 David Saunders joins the Virginia Militia.

During the revolutionary war, David Saunders lived in Charlotte County, Virginia.


4 September: David Saunders married Lockey Leftwich in Bedford County, Virginia


Daughter Mary Ann Saunders (married Perkins) born, died 1816

Son William Leftwich Saunders born, died 1882


Ann Dandridge Saunders born, died 1862 (married Mitchell)


Malinda Lockey Saunders born, died 1868 (married Bouldin)


Lucinda W. Saunders born, died 1854 (married Callaway)


28 August: Revolutionary War Veterans Pension awarded


29 September: Colonel David Saunders dies (Affiliate 121813148)

Burial: Col. David Saunders Cemetery – (Others in cemetery (from FindAGrave) are Lucinda W. Saunders Callaway 1808-1854; Ann Dandridge Saunders Mitchell 1800-1862; Leftwich Saunders)

18 August?: Widow pension awarded to Lockey Leftwich Saunders

Posted in SAUNDERS | Comments Off on Colonel David Saunders, Halifax County, Bedford County (1761-1845)

Notes on Selected Families from the Register of Saint Peter’s Parish in New Kent County, Virginia

I believe that the practice of accepting “family trees” that assert parent-child relationships in one’s ancestral lines often fail to place the relationships in context, and sometimes result in false information that results in spurious “family tree” lines of descedancy. I think it is important to have insights into the environments in which our ancestors lived.

The “family trees” are often disadvantaged by incomplete documentary evidence that can result from lost archival information (often due to the destruction that accompanies warfare).

The following is a list of excerpts from the archives of Saint Peter’s Parish in New Kent, Virginia, an invaluable source of information of data that survived the destruction of both the Revolutionary War and American Civil War. I have chosen entries relating to the families surnamed Ammon, Carter, CrumpHughes, Sanders/Saunders, Waddell/Waddill and Woodward that appear in the Saint Peter’s Parish records of New Kent, County, Virginia. I have annotated the list with relevant comments.

1680s (year not recorded)

 15th of Feb: Susannah daughter to Stephen Crump bapt.


 18th Sept: Will, son to Will Hughes baptized

[WHB note: See other births recorded for William Hughes – John (1689); Charles (and Elizabeth?), whose mother is Elizabeth (October 1691)]


4 Mar: Thom. Crump son to Will. Crump deceased.


23 Apr: Jno son to Will Hughes baptize

[WHB note: See births recorded for a John Hughes – Jane (1708); Elinor (1710); William (1711) whose mother is Sarah]

1690s (year not recorded)

 9 June: Mary daughter of William Crump bapt.

3 Nov: Stephen son of William Crump bapt.

23 Mar: Susanna daugh of Robt Crump bapt.


24 April: Elizabeth, daughter to William Crump, baptized.


9 June: Anne, Daughter of Wm Waddell born

[WHB Note – See all births recorded for a William Waddell/Waddill: Anne (1691), Elizabeth (1692), William (1694), John (1697), Hannah (1699), Pridgen (1704), Frances (1706), Noel (1709)

18th Oct: Charles son to William Hughs bapt.

19th Oct: Eliz. Daugh’t to Wm and Elizabeth Hughs bap’t


 24 Febr’y: Elizabeth, Daughter of Wm Waddell born

[WHB Note – See all births recorded for a William Waddell/Waddill: Anne (1691), Elizabeth (1692), William (1694), John (1697), Hannah (1699), Pridgen (1704), Frances (1706), Noel (1709) 


28 Apr: William, son of Will Waddell baptiz.

14 November: William, son of Will Sanders

[WHB Note – See all births recorded for a William Waddell/Waddill: Anne (1691), Elizabeth (1692), William (1694), John (1697), Hannah (1699), Pridgen (1704), Frances (1706), Noel (1709)


8 Febr’y: Frances, Dau’t of John Waddell Ju’r by Mary born


23 May: Sarah, daughter of Wm Sanders born baptis

24 Aug’t: John, son of Wm Wa(ddell?) 

[WHB Note – See all births recorded for a William Waddell/Waddill: Anne (1691), Elizabeth (1692), William (1694), John (1697), Hannah (1699), Pridgen (1704), Frances (1706), Noel (1709)

27 Oct: John, son of John Waddell by Mary, born.


19 November: Thomas, son of James Sanders by Sarah, bapt.

16 Aug’t: Hannah, Daughter of Wm Waddell born

[WHB Note – See all births recorded for a William Waddell/Waddill: Anne (1691), Elizabeth (1692), William (1694), John (1697), Hannah (1699), Pridgen (1704), Frances (1706), Noel (1709


 20 Jany: Robert Crump & Martha Powell married

14 April: Mary, daughter of John Sanders baptiz.

11 August: Thomas, son of William Sanders , baptiz.

22 Sept.: Agnis, Daut. Of Charles Waddell baptis,

28 Sept: Stephen Crump Dyed


21 Mar: Eliz. Dau’t of Jno Hughes bapt 17__ (year not recorded, order context)

27 July: Thomas, son of John Waddell Jur. Baptiz.

5 October: John, son of James Sanders, baptiz.


24 February: Susannah, daut of Wm Sanders baptz.

5 April: Sarah dau’t of Cha’s Waddell baptiz.


5 March Alice dau’t of James Sanders baptis


12 May: Bart ye son of Wm Crump bapt. (year not recorded, estimated)

14 May: Charles son of Chas Waddell baptiz.

4 July: Pridgen, son of Wm Waddell born and baptiz. The 18 Aug’t 1704.

[WHB Note – See all births recorded for a William Waddell/Waddill: Anne (1691), Elizabeth (1692), William (1694), John (1697), Hannah (1699), Pridgen (1704), Frances (1706), Noel (1709)


 13 May: Mary, dau of Wm Sanders bapt


2 May: Frances Daughter of Wm Waddell born

[WHB Note – See all births recorded for a William Waddell/Waddill: Anne (1691), Elizabeth (1692), William (1694), John (1697), Hannah (1699), Pridgen (1704), Frances (1706), Noel (1709)

17 July: Joseph, son of Robt. Crump bapt.


16 Febry: Joseph son of Charles Waddell baptiz.


20th July: George son of James Waddell baptiz.


March the 25th: Jane daughter of Jn Hughes baptized

[WHB note – John Hughes, son of William Hughes born 1689 would be 19]

May ye 8th Hannah daughter of James Saunders Baptised

June ye 29th: Frances Daughter of Wm Crump Departed this Life

Xnd Xbr ye 25th Major son of Wm Sanders & Elizabeth his wife


Feb’y ye 2: Charles son of Richard Crump born and bapt. Feb’y ye 26.

Feb’y ye 11th: Mary, Daughter of Wm Crump departed this lif4

April ye 30th: Mary, daughter of Wm Crump, born and Bapt. May ye 8th

May ye 22nd: Gutrick son of Stephen Crump by Anne his wife born

May the 29th: Susana Daughter of Charles Waddill Baptd

June ye 1st: Noel son of Mr Wm Waddill Born

[WHB Note – See all births recorded for a William Waddell/Waddill: Anne (1691), Elizabeth (1692), William (1694), John (1697), Hannah (1699), Pridgen (1704), Frances (1706), Noel (1709)

July ye 14th; James Crump and Venicia Bostick were married

August ye 4: John Sanders and Elizabeth Waddill were married

December ye 20th: Jno Waddill Sen’r Departed this Life


June ye 25th: James son of John Waddill Baptised

July 2d: Anne daughter of Jno Sanders by Eliz. His wife bapt.

Aug ye 6th: Elinor Daughter of Jno. Hughes Baptised

[WHB note – John Hughes, son of William born 1689 would be 21]


Jan ye 1st: William son of John Hughes by Sarah his wife born

[WHB – John Hughes, son of William Hughes born 1689 would be 22]

April ye 8th Sarah Daughter of James Sanders Baptised

Mar the 25th: Lucy, daughter of Rob’t Crump baptized.

May ye 13th: Mary, daughter of James Crump, bapt.

July ye 1st: John son of James Waddill Baptised

November ye 7th: Jacob, son of Wm Waddill Baptised

12 May: Bart ye son of Wm Crump bapt.

8ber ye 12th: Richard son of Rich’d Crump born, baptized Nov 11, 1711.

9ber ye 12th: Agnes daughter of Stephen Crump bapt.


Mar 22: George son of Jno Sanders Baptised

April ye 7th: Jacob son of Wm Waddill Baptised

April y3 18th: Frances Daughter of Cha. Waddil Baptised


 Jany. Ye 24th: Stephen son of James Sanders Baptised

Jany 24th: Mary Daughter of Jno Waddill Baptised

Jany 24th: Anne Daughter of Wm Waddill Ju’r Baptised

Feb’y ye 14th: Thomas & Sarah son & daughter of Steph. Crump born

Febry 26: Sara Daughter of Stephen Crump Departed this Life

March ye 2d: Thomas son of Stephen Crump Departed this Life

May ye 10th: Agnes, daughter of James Crump Baptized

7br 17th: Robt Cade and Susanna Crump was married.


Aug 8th: Agnes Daughter of Wm Sanders Baptised

7ber ye 8th: Anne daughter of Wm Crump born and baptized 8ber ye 4th

Dec (no date): Daughter of Rich’d Crump by Fran. His wife Born


March ye 9th: Judith daughter of Wm Crump baptised

March ye 31st: Elizabeth Daughter of Charles Waddill Born

6th day of 7br: 1715 John son of Jno Sanders Born

July 10: Stephen Crump Born (no parental info) Baptised

5th of 9br: Julius, son of James Crump born


January ye 25th: Sarah Sanders Departed this life

February ye 8th: Agnes Waddill Departed this Life

Febry ye 9th James Sanders Departed this Life

February 17th William Sanders Departed this Life 


May ye 10th: Anne daughter of Steph. Crump born

7br ye 13: Sarah Daughter of Wm Waddill Born 


Dec 5: Jno. Son of Charles Waddil born


Apr 3: Charles son of Cha’s Waddill Departed this Life

Apr 9: Charles Waddel sen’r Departed this Life

Apr ye 29th: Cassaud a daughter of Rich. Crump baptis’d

Jun 29: Sarah wife of Wm Crump Deceased

July 13: John son of James Waddil Deeased

July 18: Charles son of James Waddil was born

Aug 2: Wm. Son of Wm Waddil Jun’r was born

Septem’r 3rd: James son of Jno. Waddill Decease’d


Mar ye 7: Susanna Waddill Deceas’d


Dec 28: James Waddill Died


Jan 23: James Crump son of James Crump born

Mar 3d: Rebecca Waddill Died


May 22: Martha Crump wife of Robt Crump Dep’td this Life

Nov 20th: John son of John Waddill Born 


Jan 4: Eliz: Daughter of William Waddill Jun’r was born


7br 13th: Lucy Daughter of Stephen Crump born


Jan 26th: David son of Richard Crump born.

Feb 1: Agnes Daugh’r of Jno Waddill born & bapt. March 21st

Feb 12: David son of Rich’d Crump Died

Mar 3: Jesse son of James Crump born 


March 29: Rich’d son of Wm Waddill Jun’r born


May 20: Temperance D’r of Wm. Crump Ju’r born

Oct ye 2nd: George ye son of Charles Hughes born

[WHB note – Charles Hughes, son of William Hughes born 1791 would be 35.]


Mar ye 1st: Tho’s Crump Dyed

Mar ye 4th: Nath’l ye son of Rich’d Crump born

Mar ye 12th: Eliz Crump Departed this Life


May ye 11th: Dennis son of Jno Waddill born

7br ye 29th: Geo. Ye son of Susannah Crump Dyed 


7br 20th: John son of Wm. & Marcy Crump born 


Feb 28th: Martha Da’r of Wm & Sarah Waddill born, bap’t Apl. 6

May 18: Mildred d’r of James & Venibia Crump born

July 21: Annis Daughr of Chas. & Eliza Hughs born & baptized Aug 17.

[WHB note – Charles Hughes, son of William Hughes born 1791 would be 38.] 


No’r 27: Mary Da’r of John & Mary Waddill born, bapt January ye 4 following 1729


Aug 17 (1730?): Noel son Wm Waddill Jun’r born, bap’t 7ber 27


Jan’ry 22: Elizabeth Daughter of John & Mary Waddill born baptized March 2

Feb’y 25: Ann Daughter of George and Susanna Waddill, born, baptized Feby 29, died March 3

June 24: Josias son of Joseph & Cassandra Crump born baptized July 21

Oct 15: Edmond son of Charles and Elizabeth Crump dy’d


Apr 28: Richard son of Joseph and Cassandra Crump born, baptized May 23

Oct 10: Eleana daughter of Charles and Elizabeth Crump born, baptized Nov’r 21


Apr 7: Hannah Waddill dy’d

Apr 14: Elizabeth Daughter of William and Mercy Crump born, baptized May 22.

May 11: William Booth, Son of Jacob Waddill dyed

May 22: Martha, Daughter of John and Mary Waddill, born, baptized May 22.

Aug 22: Elizabeth, daughter of Theodorick and Elizabeth Carter, born, baptized Septr. 26

Sept 6 :Hannah, Daughter of John and Magdalen Sanders born, baptized Octob’r 25.

Nov 3: Jemima Daughter of George and Tamar Crump, born, baptized Nov 28th.

Nov 9 Elizabeth, Daughter of Richard and Lucy Crump, born, baptized Decemb’r 12


Feb 14: Jane Daughter of Richard and Lucy Crump, born, baptized March 31.

May 9: Charles, Son of Joseph and Judith Waddill born, baptized June 23

Aug 18: John son of Theodorick and Ann Carter born, baptized Oct 30

Sept 6: Shadrach Son of William and Sarah Waddill born, baptized March 4.

Sept 12: James, Son of George and Susanna Waddill, born, baptized Octo’r 16

Nov 1: Robert Son of Joseph and Cassandr Crump born, baptized De’r 3.


Mar 7: Kezia, daughter of William and Lucretia Hughes, born, baptized April 15

[WHB note – Charles Hughes, son of William Hughes born 1791 would be 47.]

Apr 22: Betty, mulatto girl belong to John Waddill, Jr. born

Augt: 7 Thomas Son of James and Elizabeth Sanders born baptized Sept’r 10.

Dec 13: Mary, daughter of Christopher and Mary Ammon born, baptized Feb’ry 18.


Feb’ry 8: George son of George and Susanna Waddill born, baptized March 16

March 28: Mary, daughter of Theodorick and Temperance Martin, born, baptized May 6.

Oct 18: Benedict son of Rich’d & Lucy Crump was born, baptized Nov’ 25, died August 11


Sept 25: John son of Richard & Lucy Crump born

Sept ___: Lucy Wife of Richard Crump died in September

Sep’r 29: Noel son of George & Susannah Waddill born

Oct 22: Julius son of James and Martha Crump born, baptized De’r 2

Dec 3: William Son of John and Patty Crump born, baptized Jan’ry 13.


January 8: Jesse Son of Charles & Eliz. Crump born

April 8: Melvin son of Nathaniel & Mary Crump, bor

August 6: Noel, son of John & Hannah Waddil born

August 13: Daniel son of Richard & Susan Crump, born


March 1: Turner Thomas & Judith Waddil born

Apr 1: George Son of Christopher and Mary Ammon born

Jun 16: Absalom son of John & Annis Hughes born, baptized July 13

Sept 14: Charles son of Nathaniel & Sarah Crump born, baptized Nov’r 30


June 18: Cecily Daughter of John & Patty Crump born, baptized July 11

July 5: Abner son of Richard & Mary Crump, born, baptized Aug’st 15

August 13: Benjamin son of Charles Waddill born, baptized Sept’r 19

Nov’r 5: Thomas son of Richard & Susanna Crump born, baptized Dec’r 5


Jan 1: Jacob, son of John & Elizabeth Carter, born

Jan 29: Elizabeth Daughter of Nathaniel & Sarah Crump, born

Feb 28: Jesse Bastard Son of Hannah Crump, born, baptized June 5

Mar 22: Stephen Son of John & Annis Hughes, bornu

Aug 4: Jacob son of George & Susanna Waddil;, born, baptized Sept’r 18


July 26: Silas belonging to Charles Waddill born

Aug’st 24: Philemon, son of George & Susanna Woodward born

August 28: Lyddall Son of Richard & Susanna Crump born

August 28: John Pinchback, Son of Charles & Sarah Crump, born

Sept’r 3: Harry Duke, son of Samuel & Mary Woodward born:

October 2 or 6: Martha Daughter of Charles & Mary Waddill born, baptized Novem’r 12

Nov 23: Clara Daughter of Nathl & Sarah Crump born, baptized Dec’r 31

Nov 27: Lucy Daughter of Christopher and Mary Ammon born

Decemb’r 2: George son of James & Mary Waddil born


Jan’ry 16: Sarah son(?) of John & Patty Crump born, baptized Feb’ry 1


Feb 25: Elizabeth Daughter of Charles & Sarah Crump born

Mar 10: Elizabeth Daughter of Richard & Susanna Crump born

Apr 25: Leonard son of Nathan & Sarah Crump born, baptized June 8

Oct 29: Judah daughter of Richard Crump, born


Aug 27: Christian son of Benj. Crump & Eliz his wife was born


20th Mar: Christian son of Benj. Crump & Eliz his wife died

1 Apr’l: Geo. Woodward died. 


Mar 17: Kesandra Dau of Robt & Alice Crump

April 5: Nathaniel, Son of Nath. & Sarah Crump

Oct 4: Susanna Daughter of Edwin & Eliz Waddill born


 June 25: Sharard son of John & Patty Crump born, baptized July 31.


April 8: Haviliah son of Benedict & Eliz. Crump born 


July the 21st: Elizabeth the wife of Benj. Crump Departed this life in the 26th year of her age. 


March 25 Mary Ann Frances of Thos & Susannah Sanders born, baptized Ap’l 28

May the 21st: Benj. Crump & Susannah Parke was married

June 9: William Dennis son of Charles & Mary Waddell, born


Mar the 17th: Caty born daughter of Benj. & Susanna Crump born

Nov 5: Martha of John & Mary Crump born, baptized Jan’r 10. 


Febr’y 6 Wm of Thos’ & Susannah Sanders born


Apr 22: Catherine of John & Patty Crump born, baptized May 28


Mar.28th: Jonn Parke son of Benj. & Susanna Crump was born and died Apr 5.

Posted in NEW KENT COUNTY VA | Comments Off on Notes on Selected Families from the Register of Saint Peter’s Parish in New Kent County, Virginia

Selected 17th Century Land Transactions South of York and Mattapony and North of Chicahominy Rivers of Virginia

WHB: Justin Sanders selected these land transactions as relevant to a Saunders family history. This post supplements Selected 17th Century Land Transactions between York and Rappahonnock (North of Mattapony) Rivers of Virginia.


18 April 1639 – Richard Sanders, servant of William Bassett & wife

Isabella, trans by same, 150 acres on both sides of Chickahominy River, into woods known by Indians as Pottacocock. Source: Cavaliers & Pioneers, Vol. 1, p. 107. (PB1:641)


12 Oct 1662 – Wm. Sanders transported to New Kent County by Capt. George Lyddall, 3306 acres on both sides of Black Creek,[1] to Wanieoke Creek (or Warrieoke Cr.) 1750 acres of which granted to Joseph Croshaw 8 Nov 1653. Source: Cavaliers & Pioneers, Vol. 1, p. 403. (PB4:324).

[1] Black Creek is a south branch of the Pamunkey River.


25 Sep 1663 – Jno Sanders, trans to Pequimmin River, about 6 or 7 miles up same, point of land near great marsh, running NE to the mouth of a small creeke called Curratick. Source: Cavaliers & Pioneers, Vol. 1, p. 427. (PB4:96).


9 Nov 1665 – Thomas Saunders was transported to New Kent Co., on S. side & in freshes of Yorke River above Mohixen by Wm. Crump, Charles Edmonds & Robert Whitehaire[2], 2700 acres Source: Cavaliers & Pioneers, Vol. 1, p. 538. (PB5:444).[2] Robert Whitehaire & Charles Edmonds also transported Alexander Brice; see 25 April 1667.



19 March 1666 – Wm. Sanders transported to New Kent, South Side of Yorke River adj. Manskin (Cr.?), mouth of Tottopottomoyes Creek by  Moyses Davies, 1450 acres adj. Capt. Anthony Langstone & Robert Anderson. Source: Cavaliers & Pioneers, Vol. 2, p. 6. (PB6:19).

9 June 1666 – Wm. Sanders transported to New Kent, adj. Warrani Swamp and Capt. Barnehouse, by John Glen. Source: Cavaliers & Pioneers Vol. 2, p. 6. (PB6:18).


23 Oct 1669 – Wm. Sanders transported to New Kent, S. Side of the Yorke River adj. Tankes Queens Cr.,[3] Geo. Hill, Ridge Path, by Wm. Blackey. Source: Cavaliers & Pioneers Vol. 2, p. 70. (PB6:278).

[3] There is a Queens Creek in present day Williamsburg; not certain if they are one and the same.


20 April 1682 –  John Lane, 76 acres in New Kent, Co., upon SE side of Mattaponi River, and SSW side of Assatians Swamp. . . . to his seat of land purchased of Thomas Sanders. . . .” Cavaliers & Pioneers, Vol. 2, p. 240. (PB7:173)[4]

[4] Thomas Sanders appears to have had land on Pamunkey Neck. This may be the 43 acre patent obtained by his son, Thomas Sanders for paying for his own transportation to the colony about 1760. Patent is referenced in “Generations” but has not been located in C&P.

20 April 1682 – John Sanders transported to New Kent, St. Stephen’s Parish, adj. Exoll’s Swamp,

Gabriel Hill, John Richards, by Hugh Lawrence. Source: Cavaliers & Pioneers, Vol. 2, p. 229. (PB7:127).

1689 – Vestry Book St Peter’s Parish, New Kent, Processional list of landowners living in parish. James Sanders is listed twice; also Jno. Sands.


21 April 1690 – James Sanders transported to Henrico County, Varina Parish, N. Side of James River nigh Chickahominy Swamp, adj. Lionell Morris & Gilley Grummeron, crossing a bridge of Gilley’s Cr., by Wm. Porter and Daniell Price. Source: Cavaliers & Pioneers, Vol. 2, p. 340. (PB8:131).

23 Oct 1690 – Eliza. Sanders transported to New Kent on S. Side of Tottamottapoy Creek [5]adj. Cornelius Debony and Jno Davies, by Charles Fleming. Source: Cavaliers & Pioneers, Vol. 2, p. 354. (PB8:106).

[5] A south branch of Pamunkey River. Same location Wm. Sanders was transported to in 1666.

23 Oct 1690 – Mr. John Chiles,[6] 345 acres in New Kent Co., Beg. at Mr. Whitehair’s on Crump’s Creek, to a branch of Mathumps Creek, adj. Capt. Bassett. Source: Cavaliers & Pioneers, Vol. 2, pp. 352-353. (PB8:97).

[6] Son of Walter Chiles II?

[WHB – Crump Creek is a physical feature (stream) in Hanover County. Crump Creek is located within the Henry district at latitute 37.7246 and longitude -77.2972. The primary coordinates for Crump Creek places it within the ZIP Code 23069 delivery area.]

28 April 1691 – Mr. John Chiles, 900 acres in New Kent Co., S. Side & in freshes of Yorke River above Mehixon (Creek), part of 2700 acres granted Mr. William Crump, Mr. Charles Edmonds & Mr. Robert Whitehair, & in division dated 3 Nov 1688 fell to sd. Whitehair, escheated by inquisition under Mr. William Leigh, Dpty. Esch’r. Source: Cavaliers & Pioneers, Vol. 2, p. 364. (PB8:163). [7]

[7] Whitehair, Crump & Edmonds received their grant 9 Nov 1665; Thomas Saunders was one of the transported persons listed in connection with this grant. Is John Chiles related to Sanders persons in New Kent?


20 April 1694 – Edwd. Schrimshire & Jno Schrimshire[8] transported to to Nansemond Co., by Henry Hackley. Source: Cavaliers & Pioneers, Vol. 2, p. 389. (PB8:338).

[8] Edward Scrimshire was transported to New Kent, N. Side of Mattapony by Joshua Story in 1691; because James Sanders & Sarah Scrimshire named 2nd son John, Jonathan Scrimshire may be her oldest brother, named after their father.


29 Oct1696 – Wm Winston, 2057 acres in New Kent Co., St. Peter’s Parish, S. Side of Crump’s Creek along land, now or late, of Henry Chiles. Source: Cavaliers & Pioneers, Vol. 3, p. 10. (PB9:59). [9]

[9] Henry Chiles is in possession of part or all of land of John Chiles, suggesting they are father & son.


1702 Militia New Kent Co VA (age 16+?)

John Sanders – brother of James & William?

James Sanders – married Sarah Scrimshire

Thomas Sanders – brother of James & John?

William does not appear on list.


1704 Quit Rent Rolls St Peter’s & St Paul’s Parish New Kent.[12]

[12] St. Paul’s Parish was formed in 1704 in the western part of New Kent; Hanover Co. was formed 1719, conforming to the parish boundaries. Thomas Sanders may have resided there; he is not mention in St. Peter’s Vestry Book.

John Sanders – brother of James & William.

James Sanders – brother of John & William, spouse Sarah Scrimshire.

William Sanders – brother of James & John, spouse Elizabeth Major.

Thomas Sanders – brother of above?


20 Nov 1705 – Henry Nelson of St. Stephen’s Parish, King & Queen Co., sells to William Saunders of King Wm. Co., for 2,000 lb tobo, 170 acres in Pamunkey Neck in King Wm. Co., part of a patent of 2,340 acres by sd. Nelson 23 Oct 1703. Land adjoins Darrell’s swamp, land belonging to Thacker, land of sd. Saunders, land of John Whitehead.[10] Witnesses: J. Wood, Richd Price, John Allcock. Elizabeth, wife of sd. Henry Nelson relinq. Dower rights. Recorded King Wm. Co., 20 Jan 1705/6. Source: Records of King William Co., Book 1, 1702-1707, Virginia State Library, Archives Division, in Virginia Colonial Abstracts,Vol. VII, p. 283, Beverly Fleet.[11]

[10] A John Whitehead was listed together with a Wm. Sanders in 1673, transported to the south side of the Rappahannock River by Cadwallader Jones: C&P2:139.

[11] King William Co., formed 1702 from King & Queen; New Kent before 1691.


16 Dec 1714 – Thomas Sanders, Anne Adams, Frances Price, et al. trans to St. Paul’s Parish of New Kent (Hanover 1719), adj. Taylor’s Creek, Pamunkey River, by George Alves. Source: Cavaliers & Pioneers, Vol. 3, p. 162-3. (PB10:212).


5 Sept 1723 – William Brown, 268 acres (N.L.) Henrico Co., N side of James River, S. side of the main Creek of Tuccahoe, parting said Cox & Robert Adams, to Gilly Grew Marrain’s line. Source: Cavaliers & Pioneers, Vol. 3, p. 25. (PB11:244).


Between Crump’s Creek & Tottomottapoy Creek: (3-4 miles distance).

William Sanders, 1666.

Elizabeth Sanders, 1690.

John Chiles, 1690-1691.

Henry Chiles, 1696.

James New, 1680.

Varina Parish, Henrico, between Gilley’s Creek & Westham Creek (2-3 miles distance).

Jno. Sanders, Geo. Price & Edw. Crump, 1664.

Joan Sanders, Jane Jackson, James Jackson, 1689.[13]

[13] Joan Sanders & Jane Jackson may be daughters of William Sanders (d. 1660 at Merchant’s Hope) & wife Joan; James Jackson may be son of Patrick Jackson who witnessed Saners’ 1660 will.

James Sanders, Daniel Price, Jane Price, 1690.

Robert Adams, bef. 1723.

Four Mile Creek: William Sanders, Edward Sanders, 1688 (15 miles from Gilley’s Creek).













Posted in SAUNDERS | Comments Off on Selected 17th Century Land Transactions South of York and Mattapony and North of Chicahominy Rivers of Virginia

A Burnett-Crowder-Crump-Saunders Project for Closely-Related Males

I have received the Big-Y test results from and they have designated my haplogroup as Z59, based on my being positive for that SNP (and the SNPs that preceded it in time designated as I1 M253, DF29 and Z58, but negative for Z60 and the later SNPs. Additionally, one of my contributors, Justin Sanders, who also took the Big-Y test has also been designated as Z59.

I have corresponded with an expert on Big-Y, who will be analyzing my results more closely.

While awaiting the test results and analysis,  I discovered a way to use accumulated y-dna “relationship” data available from the ftdna y-dna surname projects to create a list of approximately five dozen people who y-dna testing has demonstrated are closely related to me.

This is a “connect the dots” exercise. To do it, I joined four ftdna surname projects – for the surnames Burnett, Crowder, Crump and Saunders. Once part of those surname projects, I was able to use the ftdna results to determine which records were closely related to me and which ones were much more distantly related.

The question might be raised as to why I chose those surnames, when my own surname is “Burnett”. The answer is, that in each case a major y-dna testing firm gave me a giant clue as to where to look.

My first clue came from the Sorensen Molecular Research Foundation, which I understand  no longer exists as an independent entity. I had submitted my y-dna test results to them and they replied that I belonged with the “Saunders” surname group.

This was very instructive, because longstanding family lore (at that time controversial within the family) that my great-great-great grandfather, who was born in 1807, was a Saunders, even though his surname was Burnett.

The story had some verisimilitude, because my supposed GGGG grandfather Williamson Burnett had repudiated the patrimony of three of sons of his estranged wife, Priscilla, in his will. The three disinherited sons (or would-be stepsons)  when they came of age were apprenticed to Julius Saunders. As a result of the Sorensen MRF pronouncement, cousins descended from each of the three dishinherited brothers took y-dna tests and it was confirmed we are all closely related. It is no longer a controversy within the family.

The second big clue came from, from whom I took a 67-STR marker y-dna test (when they were still in that business). reported back to me that I was closely related to persons named Kerley and Crump. I was able to get into contact with Anthony Crump. Over the years he has worked with me and contributed to the research. Anthony and I have taken y-dna SNP tests  and have increasing evidence that our hypothesis that our ancestors’ relationship dates at least to 12th century England has a high probability of being true. The fact that our ancestors arrived in Tidewater Virginia in the 17th century reinforces the idea that there existed concerted activity between those ancestors, likely a common (or even a family) interest in seafaring and mercantile activities.

The third clue was provided by, with whom I had taken a 111-STR marker test, as had Anthony Crump and a man surnamed Crowder. As expected, they confirmed that Anthony and I had a Most Recent Common Ancestor (MRCA) within historic/genealogical time. What was unexpected, reported that Mr Crowder and myself had an MRCA even closer in time. In searching various genealogical records, I discovered that the Crowder surname appears in marriages between the Crowder and Saunders families in Virginia. Both families (and others in my maternal ancestral lines surnamed Johnson, Moorman, etc.) were involved in Quaker monthly meetings in Bedford County, Lynchburg and other centers of Quaker activity in Virginia.

I had corresponded with one of Williamson Burnett’s descendants (a letter that I will post in the future) as to whether any of Williamson’s male descendents whose paternity by Williamson is undisputed have taken a y-dna test. While that line of inquiry is being researched, it occurred to me to look at the Burnett surname project comparative y-dna data.

Examining the Y-DNA Classic Chart for the Burnett surname was revelatory. There was a cluster of 11 persons (other than myself) that were in my haplogroup I1-M253. In examining the STR value at DYS455, every one of us in 1-M253 group had STR455=8. Every other person had STR455=11 or 12. I corresponded with a ftdna group administrator  (expert) who, said, that because STR455 changes very slowly, that I was on relatively safe ground assuming that the males surnamed Burnett identified as I-1 253 haplogroup with DYS=8 were closely related, while those in other haplogroups whose DYS455 values were 11 or above were not closely related to us.

Several of these Burnett-surnamed males listed as their oldest known male ancestor Burnett ancestors who were born in the mid-18th century or earlier. Their research may well have correctly identified the descendancy of their surname, but not their y-dna ancestry. I believe that every Burnett-surnamed male in the ftdna Burnett surname project with DYS455=8 is descended from Priscilla Burnett, wife of Williamson Burnett of Bedford County, but is not descended from Williamson.

It then occurred to me to look for related persons in the Saunders, Crowder and Crump surname projects. There, indeed, were lots of Crumps and Saunders with DYS455=8 who were haplogroup I-M253 or its descendants (I was previously listed as Z58+, because I was positive for that SNP test – I had been tested for Z59+ as well, but that is with a different company and was not included in the ftdna charts before my ftdna Big-Y results became available.)

However, there were also lots of Crumps and Saunders who were not closely related. I believe this helps the research as well, and has the potential to reinforce our hypothesis that the DYS455=8 group within these two families were associated with each other for a period that may have lasted for centuries.

But what about the Crowders? There were two of that group that met my DYS455=8 and I1-M253 haplogroup criteria. This suggests to me that in the past two or three hundred years that a boy who was sired by a Saunders was adopted by a Crowder and was given that surname. Because of the close association with Virginia Quakers, it is not impossible to identify exactly what happened when and where. However, there are now two males in the Crowder surame project (besides myself who joined the project to discover  y-dna matches) who would benefit from joining me, Anthony Crump and others on some collaborative research on the y-dna line.

I will alert the surname project administrators of this initiative. If you’ve come across this post and wish to correspond with me on the subject, write me at



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