Hugh Challis (?-1798), Prince Edward County, VA; Rockingham County, NC



From History of Prince Edward County, VA, by H. C. Bradshaw, Dietz Press, 1954, p. 39:
“At least two taverns were in operation when Prince Edward County was established, Charles Anderson’s and George Moore’s.  Anderson’s license was renewed successfully until 1763.  George Moore last received an ordinary license in 1757.  HUGH CHALLIS was granted an ordinary license in May, 1754*; there was only one renewal, in 1755**.
. . *Order Book 1:5    **Order Book 1:47

Ibid., pp. 60-63: “When Prince Edward County was established, it was within the bounds
of Nottoway Parish.  There was a disposition to want a separate parish for the new county, and a petition was presented to the County Court in February, 1754, asking that Prince Edward be made a parish. Charles Cupples, representing the petitioners, presented the petition, which was certified to the General Assembly. The petition reached the House of Burgesses on May 3, 1755, and was referred to the Committee on Propositions and Grievances.  In addition to asking that a new parish be created for Prince Edward by a division of Nottoway Parish along the county line, the petition also asked that Nottoway Parish be required to pay to the new parish a proportionate part of the money which had been raised by levy for building two large churches and buildings on the glebe land. The petition was reported by the committee as reasonable on May 6, and the House directed the committee to prepare a bill in line with the request.  [The bill was enacted June 30.]

“The act made Prince Edward County a separate parish, to be called St.Patrick’s, effective September 1, 1755.  An election of twelve vestrymen by the freeholders of the parish was directed to be held before September 1 after having been advertised for twenty days.  The
vestrymen were directed to take in Prince Edward Court the oath appointed to be taken in the first year of George I by ‘an act for the further security of his Majesty’s person and government, and the succession of the crown in the heirs of the late Princess Sophia,
being Protestants, and for extinguishing the hopes of the pretended Prince of Wales, and his open and secret abettors; the oath of abjuration; the test; and the oath to be conformable to the doctrine and discipline of the Church of England.  The vestrymen were
authorized to fill vacancies among them. . . .

“Ten vestrymen of the twelve chosen in the first election took the prescribed oaths at the September, 1755, Court:  John Nash, John Nash, Jr., Geoerge Walker, Thomas Scott, Charles Venable, Peter LeGrand,Thomas Haskins, David Flournoy, JAMES WIMBISH, and Joh LeNeve. They met on the same day, September 9, and appointed HUGH CHALLIS clerk at an annual salary of 500 pounds of tobacco and chose John Nash and JAMES WIMBISH church wardens.  . . .

FROM:  PRINCE EDWARD COUNTY VIRGINIA.  ABSTRACTS FROM DEED BOOK NO. 1  1754-1763. (IRENE LEAKE, DEPUTY CLERK): Deed Book I, page 10 – Shelton, Joseph and wife, Mary of Prince Edward County to CHALLES, HUGH of the same county. 200 acres, lying in Prince Edward County, adjoining Woodson, Anderson. Recorded July 9, 1754.

Deed Book I, page 11.: Brithwaite, Edward and Bridget, his wife, of the Parish of Nottoway
and the County of Prince Edward to: LeNeve, John of the same county. 300 Acres, lying on upper side of Buffalo River in Prince Edward County, adjoining CHALLICE, Brithwaite, Barber. Recorded August 13, 1754.

Parties to bond Principal:  HUGH CHALLICE (CHALLES) of Prince Edward County Obligee: John Nash Jr. Gent Prince Edward County Sheriff Securities: Samuel Wallace and John LeNeve of Prince Edward County; Amount of bond: 1000 pounds
Date of bond: Aug 13, 1754 Acts to be performed:  CHALLICE this day agreed to serve Nash as under sheriff of Prince Edward County for as long as Nash agrees. Mar 10,
1761. is to collect the levies, quitrents, dues, and account for same, and execute all legal processes, and indemnify Nash Recording date: [none given].


1754-1763. (IRENE LEAKE, DEPUTY CLERK) Deed Book I, page 33. February 7, 1755 From:  HUGH CHALLES of Prince Edward County to: John Harrison of the same county. 200 acres, lying in Prince Edward County, on the North side of the North fork of Buffalo River, adjoining. Recorded:  February 11, 1755.

February 7, 1755 From:  HUGH CHALLES of Prince Edward County. to: Edward Brathwett. 100 acres. lying in Prince Edward County on the North side of the
North fork of Buffalo, River, adjoining Caleb Baker, John Le Neve.
Recorded February 11, 1755.

12 August

Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt, Virginia’s Colonial Soldiers, Genealogical
Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD, 1988.

Prince Edward County:  Thomas Scott, MC; Thomas Haskins, MC; Samuel Ewing, MC; HUGH CHALLIS, MC


From History of Prince Edward County, VA, by H. C. Bradshaw, Dietz Press, 1954.

HUGH CHALLES is paid 300 lbs of tobacco (out of County Levy) for cleaning the court house.

Page 387. Bond; Parties to bond; Principal: HUGH CHALLES Obligee: David Flournoy, Prince Edward County Sheriff Securities:  John Nash Jr.
Amount of bond: 500 pounds Date of bond:  Aug 10, 1756. Acts to be performed:  CHALLES this day, by the permission of said Flournoy, has taken the oath of under sheriff under Flournoy, in order to finish his present collection.  CHALLES is to execute any processes and indemnify Flournoy. Recording date:  Aug 10, 1756.

c. 1756

Susanna Challis born in Virginia

T..L. C. GENEALOGY, PO BOX 403369, MIAMI BEACH FL  33140-1369

Page 389. Bond: Parties to bond Principal:  JAMES WIMBISH Obligee:  King George II
Securities: Thomas Scott & HUGH CHALLES Amount of bond: 1000 pounds
Date of bond: Nov 8, 1757 Acts to be performed:  Said WIMBISH was appointed Prince Edward County Sheriff is to truly collect and account for all officers fees and dues, and well and truly executes and return make of all process and precepts to him directed and shall in other matters faithfully perform the office of sheriff. Recording date:  Nov 8, 1757.

c. 1758

Anne Challis born in Prince Edward County, Virginia

Deed Book I Page 137: April 11, 1758 412 acres, lying in Prince Edward County, adjoining Gaulling, Williams, and Challices. From: Anderson, Charles of Prince Edward County to: Buchanan, Archibald and John Bowman & Company, Merchants and Partners of the City of Glasgow in North Britain. Bradshaw, p. 53

“A succession of commissions from the Governor to magistrates provides a list of the justices of the peace of the Prince Edward Court.  In January, 1757, Robert Hastie, James Scott, Peter LeGrand, and John Leigh were recommended to the Governor by the Court to be added to the commission, and they were included in the commission dated August 9, 1757; others in that commission were John Nash, JAMES WIMBISH, Joel Watkins, David Flournoy, John Nash, Jr., Thomas Scott, Samuel Ewing, and Thomas Haskins.*

“A new commission in 1758 was directed to John Nash, JAMES WIMBISH, Joel Watkins, John Nash, Jr., Thomas Scott, Peter LeGrand, John Leigh, Henry Watkins, and John Morton.  The last two, along with HUGH CHALLIS, had been previously recommended.** *Order book 2:80 **Order book 1: 155, 167

Bradshaw, p. 55L “It was the practice in Virginia counties as long as the magistratesand sheriffs were appointed by the Governor (until the Constitution of 1850-51 went into effect) for the justices to serve as sheriff of the county in rotation, the order being determined by their rank in the commission of the peace.  Usually the sheriff served two years.  The Court would recommend three persons, the magistrate whose turn it was to serve being named first and the next two in the rotation under the others.  The Governor would appoint and commission the magistrate who was listed first among the three.

“John Nash, Jr. was the first sheriff of Prince Edward.  David Fluornoy was the successor, taking the oath of office at the August 1756 Court, although it seems that his term did not begin until the first of the following year.  Flournoy werved during 1757 and had as
“undersheriffs” his brother, Thomas Flurnoy and Richard Burks.  JAMES WIMBISH was sheriff during 1758 and 1759; HUGH CHALLIS and Samuel Wimbish were his deputies.*
*Order book 2:26,30,65,82.



Deed Book I, page 142: CHALLIES, HUGH of Prince Edward County and MARTHA, his wife to: Waldon, Richard of the same county. 87 acres, lying in Prince Edward County, adjoining Caleb Bakers, Captain John LeNeve, Edward Brafford. Recorded May 8, 1759

From History of Prince Edward County, VA, by H. C. Bradshaw, Dietz Press, 1954. Quotation from the Richmond Enquirer, February 15, 1759.  HUGH CHALLIS is directed by the Court to attend to letting bridge contracts.

VA Genealogist V31, p172.  Processioners return persuant to order of vestry 12 Sepo 1759.  Land between HUGH CHALLIS, Charles Hudson & William Hudson.  HUGH CHALLIS present when William Hudson & Charles Hudson processioned lands.

‑ very likely Sarah’s father


c. 1760

SARAH CHALLIS born in Prince Edward County, Virginia


T..L. C. GENEALOGY, PO BOX 403369, MIAMI BEACH FL  33140-1369

Page 45, Will: I, JAMES WIMBISH of Prince Edward County in St. Patrick’s Parish
To my wife – 4 slaves, Moll, Will, Tom. Lucy and if needed my Negro woman named Phillis, and one fourth of my personal estate, during her natural life. To my daughter MARTHA, the wife of HUGH CHALLES – my 2 Negro girls named Hannah & Chloe, who were born of my Mulattto woman Phillis, now in the service of my daughter MARTHA, but to return to my estate after my death. To my daughter Anne, the wife of William Baldwin, my Mulatto woman named Agness. To my daughter Sarah, the wife of the Reverand Mr. James Garden – my Mulatto woman named Sue, and 1 bed and furniture, which they have already in possession. To my son, James Wimbish – my Negro man named Mingo, and my Negro boy named Harry, with what they have already in possession. To my daughter Mary, the wife of James Thacston – 65 pounds to be paid
12 months after my death.To my 3 youngest sons, Samuel, John, and Benjamin Wimbish – all my land and slaves not already disposed of, as well as those allotted for the use of my wife, after her death to be equally divided among them, together with the reversion and remainder of my estate. Executors: my 3 youngest sons, Samuel, John, and Benjamin Wimbish. Signed Feb 1, 1761 – JAMES WIMBISH Wit – George Davies, Nathel
Barksdale, Archibald McElroy At  a Court of Feb 10, 1761, the will of JAMES WIMBISH deceased was presented in court by the executors, proven by the witnesses, and OR.

Page 46. Feb 19, 1761. Inventory and appraisement of the estate of JAMES WIMBISH deceased, pursuant to court order dated Feb, 1761. Items mentioned include: 3 beds and furniture, 1 looking glass, 8 rush chairs, 5 leather chairs, 1 large looking glass, books, 1 pine table, 1 couch, 5 China cups, 6 saucers, 4 wine glasses, 3 Delf bowls, 9 flowered delft plates, 1 small gilt trunk, 1 walnut stand, 1 old sword, 1 old leather trunk, carpenters and joiner’s tools, 24 cattle; Mulatto slaves named Will, Bob, Cyrus, Toby, Moll, Phillis, Tony, 1 Negro fellow named Tom; 1 Negro girl Lucy. Total value 688 pounds 15 shillings 2 pence.  Signed Saml Wimbish, John Wimbish, Ben Wimbish, exors.  Signed – Wm Booker Nathaniel Barksdale, John Biggs, Thos Flournoy. Recorded Mar 10, 1761.

c. 1762

MARTHA CHALLIS born in Prince Edward County, Virginia


Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt, Virginia’s Colonial Soldiers, Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD, 1988.

23 August, 1763 Shows in Bedford County:  Willaim Callaway, Co. Lt.; Jeremiah Early, Capt;, John Quarles, Capt., HUGH CHALLIS, Capt., Joseph Renfro, Capt.; Adam Beard,, Capt., Nicholas Welsh, Ens; Henry Smith, LT

c. 1764

Fanny Challis born in Prince Edward County, Virginia

c. 1766

John Challis born in Prince Edward County, Virginia

c. 1768

Elizabeth Challis born in Prince Edward County, Virginia


Brother-in-Law? Benjamin Wimbish Will dated July 20, 1773 in Prince Edward County.  Wife Elizabeth.  Children James, Sary, Ann and Mary, Exor Brother Jmes Wimbish and Matthew Watson and wife Elizabeth. Recorded Sept. 19, 1774.


From Lindley S. Butler, Rockingham County:  A Brief History, ChapterII “The Colonial and Revolutionary Period”, p. 10 and p. 15:

“The influx of new settlers created a need for county government. Rockingham County was formed in 1785 from the northern portion of Guilford County, which had been created in 1770 from portions of Orange and Rowan counties.  North Carolina’s colonial counties were governed by appointed justices of the peace, who made up the quarterly
county court, and by a sheriff, who was aided by deputies and constables. . . “During the postwar years several men in northern Guilford County provided local leadership.  James Gallaway and John Leak represented the county in the state House of Commons in 1783, and the following year Gallway was elected to the state Senate.  James Hunter and HUGH CHALLIS were county justices in 1782, and Hunter was sheriff in 1784-1785 and county treasurer from 1783 to 1785. . .


From Lindley S. Butler, Rockingham County:  A Brief History, Chapter
III “A New County”, pp. 17-18: “The population of the North Carolina backcountry increased substantially after the close of the Revolutionary War, resulting in the creation of several new counties during the 1780s.  On December 29, 1785, the General Assembly enacted legislation that created Rockingham County from approximately the northern half of Guilford County . . .

“The first session of the new county’s quarterly court was convened in February, 1786, at the plantation of Adam Tate near Eagle Falls on the south side of the Dan River.  The justices of the peace of this first court, most of whom were veterans of the Revolutionary War, were James Hunter, Samuel Henderson, George Peay, HUGH CHALLIS, Thomas Henderson, Adam Tate, James Gallaway, John Leak, Joshua Smith, Peter O’Neal,
Abraham Philips, William Bethell, John May, and John Hunter.  County justices were charged with the responsibility of hearing civil suits and minor criminal cases, providing for public buildings, probating decedent’s estates, ruling on individual cases of lunacy, caring for orphans and illegitimate children, and maintaining public roads and bridges.  Justices were appointed, generally from among the landed, slave-owning gentry.  All the members of Rockingham County’s first court were slaveholders:  the average justice owned nine slaves.


Headley, Robert K., Jr., Genealogical Abstracts from 18th Century Virginia Newspapers,  p. 60.

2 March

Jan Court 1799 in chanc., Elijah King (plntf) against John Challis, executor of HUGH CHALLIS, deceased who was executor of John King dec’d (Def.); it appears the defendant is not an inhabitant of this State (Lynchburg Weekley Gazette).


MARTHA CHALLIS and John Challis appear in 1800 census: John Challis (Rockingham Cnty, NC 450) 22010-20011-09 Lives with woman born before 1755, man and woman born between 1755 and 1774, four young children.  [His mother MARTHA CHALLIS shows above on List 477.]

MARTHA CHALLIS (Rockingham Cnty, NC 477)  01000-00001-09 Includes male born between 1784 and 1790.


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