George Stubblefield (c. 1675- after 1730) Gloucester and King William Counties, VA

Gunn, Drewey Wayne et al. Stubblefield: Eight Generations of a Family in Rockingham and Caswell Counties, North Carolina and Calloway County, Kentucky.

SIMON STUBBLEFIELD first appears for certain in the records of Gloucester Co. . . on 27 March 1672.  His wife is unknown.  He probably had at least three children: Simon Stubblefield, Edward Stubblefield, and GEORGE STUBBLEFIELD. . . Our line, however, seems to descend from GEORGE STUBBLEFIELD.



Gunn, Drewey Wayne et al. Stubblefield: Eight Generations of a Family in Rockingham and Caswell Counties, North Carolina and Calloway County, Kentucky.

George Stubblefield (c. 1675-after 1730) lived in Gloucester Co. but began paying quit rents in King William Co., Va in 1704.

He wed Anne [Nash] (1) (1) According to Family Puzzlers 1457-7 Robert Nash of Abington Parish, Gloucester Co., in his will dated 25 Nov. 1703, left land to his daughter Ann Stubblefield.



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Carter Stubblefield (c. 1769-1829), Rockingham County, NC


Gunn, Drewey Wayne et al. Stubblefield: Eight Generations of a Family in Rockingham and Caswell Counties, North Carolina and Calloway County, Kentucky.

CARTER STUBBLEFIELD (c. 1769-8 June 1829) was named after his mother’s people. His father deed him 100 acres on Hogan’s Creek on 26 Feb. 1800.  He wed c. 1806 SARAH (SALLY) MILLS (c. 1783-1853), dau. of MATTHEW MILLS & SARAH CHALLIS. They had three children.  They remained in Rockingham Co., though she died in Calloway Co., Ky., where their two sons had moved.


Gunn, Drewey Wayne et al. Stubblefield: Eight Generations of a Family in Rockingham and Caswell Counties, North Carolina and Calloway County, Kentucky.

[CARTER STUBBLEFIELD] bought 100 acres of land from his father on 26 Feb. 1800, adjoining his brother Nathan’s on Hogan’s Creek; in 1814 he sold this land plus 14 acres more to Matthew Mills. That year he bought some 526 acres of land on Wolf Island Creek from Charles Mills. He was appointed a Rockingham Co. justice of the peace 1804. He wed c. 1806 Sarah (Sally) Mills (c. 1784- 26 Mar. 1853). . .He was received into the Lick Fork Church in June 1816.  . . [H]is death notice appeared in the Raleigh Register, and his obituary appeared in the Greensboro Patriot, 4 July 1820.


CARTER STUBBLEFIELD was Grantee and Charles Mill Grantor Deed P261 265A (Wolf Island Creek)

CARTER STUBBLEFIELD was Grantee and Charles Mills Grantor P262 261A (Wolf Island Creek)



In the name of God Amen. I CARTER STUBBLEFIELD of the State of North Carolina and County of Rockingham being sick but of sound mind and memory desire to make and publish this my last will and Testament in manner following and form.

First, I give and bequeath to my Daughter MARTHA STUBBLEFIELD all of my land lying on the North Side of the branch called Skinner’s Branch Running with Martha Mills line to the Corner thence with French’s line and Francis Stubllefield’s line on the said branch again to her and heirs forever.

Item, I lend to my loving wife SALLY STUBBLEFIELD the balance of my land and plantaton where I now live during her natural life and after her __ to be Equally Divided Between by son – Peyton Stubblefield and my son William Stubblefield to them and their heirs forever but in case my said wife should marry then my desire is that she take the third part of the said land owing her life and then to be divided among my two sons as aforesaid.

Item, I give to my daughter MARTHA one Negro boy name Fred to her and her heirs forever.

Item, I give to my son William Stubblefield one Negro boy named Sammy to him and his heirs forever.

Item, I give to my son Peyton Stubblefield one Negro known by the name of Tom, till he get posession of pleasant lent to his mother and the said Negro to be divided between my two sons William and Peyton and whereas I have lent of family of Negros to the ____ by William T. Mills for sale of the said Negroes, should e sold one third part of the moneys arising from the sale of said Negroes I give to my wife Sally and the balance to be equally divided between my three children, Peyton, William and Martha, but in case they should not be sold I give my wife Sally one third part of said Negroes and the balance divided between my three children before aforementioned.

Item, I give to my daughter MARTHA one horse bridle and saddle  ___ horse called Lopard, one Cow and Calf, on bed of  __niture, one Ewe and lamb one sow of piggs. As to the rest of my Estate of every description not before ___ & mentioned to be equally divided between my Sally and my two sons William Stubblefield and Peyton Stubblefield as they come of age in Testimony thereof I have hereunto set my hand and Seal this 13th day of April 1824 and Lastly I apoint John beck and Thomas Guerrant Executors of this, my Last will.

Signed sealed and Delivered in Presents of James Pauley, Reason Waters, State of North Carolina, Rockingham County, Carter Stubblefield, A true copy A. H. Dahl.


We ascertain of the ___ last will and Testament of CARTER STUBBLEFIELD ___ proved in open by the oaths of Reason Waters and James Pauley. ___ to be recorded.

CARTER STUBBLEFIELD probate August 1829 A-340,

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James Wimbish (c. 1690-1761) Prince Edward County, VA

Wimbish Family History

[WHB - I am trying to determine what the source is of the 1690 date for James Wimbish's birth and the identification of his birthplace as England (or occasionally East Anglia). I believe the following clues should be followed:

The 16th century possession of the manor of Papworth Everard in Cambridgeshire, England by gentry surnamed Wimbish, as described in this history. Note the reference to an older Wimbish family in Lincolnshire. Also note the existence of the villages of Wimbish and Wimbish Green in the County of Essex.

From the Victoria County History: A History of the County of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely: Volume 9: Chesterton, Northstowe, and Papworth Hundreds A. P. M. Wright & C. P. Lewis (Editors), 1989:

"By 1086 the 5 hides held in 1066 by Goda, lord of Shingay, under Eddeva the fair, were held in demesne by Count Alan, lord of Richmond, as a berewick of Swavesey. (fn. 18) The manor was later held of the honor of Richmond until the 17th century, usually as 1 knight's fee. The Vere earls of Oxford were recorded as mesne lords until the late 14th century. (fn. 19) In the 1160s the manor of PAPWORTH EVERARDwas held in demesne by Everard of Beach. (fn. 20) It descended to his son Peter (fl. 1194-1228) (fn. 21) and by 1233 to Peter's son Peter (d. after 1235). (fn. 22) John of Beach, son or brother of the last, was lord in 1242 (fn. 23) and dead by 1251, when his widow Gillian received dower, including 66 a. of arable, which she still held in 1279. (fn. 24)

When John's son Henry died soon after 1253, (fn. 25) his estate was divided (fn. 26) between coheirs, probably his sisters Amice and Alice. Amice married Sir Simon de Lisle, whose son Philip (fl. 1250- 60) sold all his Papworth land (fn. 27) to John de la Haye. (fn. 28) About 1280 (fn. 29) John held I hide in demesne under Philip's son Sir Simon de Lisle. In 1289 Simon released his rights to the bishop of Ely. (fn. 30) Alice's share had passed by 1276 (fn. 31) to Maud, perhaps her daughter, wife of John of Soham, who occupied &frac1/2; yardland in 1279. In 1283 John and Maud exchanged a quarter of the manor for land in Suffolk with Richard de Gynes and his wife Margery. (fn. 32) In 1306 Richard settled much Papworth land in reversion upon his son Richard. (fn. 33) John de la Haye's son William, who held &frac3/4; fee there by 1302 (fn. 34) and was granted free warren over it in 1303, (fn. 35) sued Margery and the younger Richard in 1311-12 for lordship over their portion, allegedly granted to de la Haye by William Downe and his wife Mary. Probably by 1316, certainly by 1346, (fn. 36) that &frac1/4; fee had been reunited to the rest of the manor, which after William de la Haye's death in 1316 had descended to his son Sir John (d. 1340) and John's son William (d. s.p. 1349). William's heir, his sister Margaret, married Sir John Engaine (d. c. 1395), for whom free warren at Papworth was renewed in 1365. (fn. 37)

Engaine left as heirs two daughters, Mary, wife of William Blyton, and Joan, wife of Sir Baldwin St. George, between whom the Papworth manor was again divided. (fn. 38) Blyton's moiety descended by marriage to the Wimbishes of Nocton (Lincs.), (fn. 39) being held successively by Sir Thomas Wimbish (d. 1505), (fn. 40) his son John (d. 1526), (fn. 41) and grandson Christopher Wimbish (d. 1530). Christopher's widow Mary (fn. 42) still occupied it when their son Thomas died without issue in 1551. His sister and coheir Abraha and her husband Francis Norton (fn. 43) possessed that half manor in 1563. (fn. 44) In 1567 they sold it to William Malory of Papworth St. Agnes (fn. 45) (d. 1585). Malory's son and heir William (fn. 46) (d. 1611) settled it in 1606 upon the marriage of his son Sir Henry, (fn. 47) who in 1615 sold it to Thomas Thoroughgood, (fn. 48) already lord of the other half.]


James Wimbish: Born:  ca. 1690, England Died: bef. February 10, 1761, Prince Edward   Co., VA Married:  Yes, wife unknown


[WHB - I would like to obtain documentation of Martha Wimbish's birthdate and the names, birthdates and spouses of her siblings.]

1. Martha Wimbish Born [1733?]: Died: bef. May 1804, Rockingham Co. VA Married:  Hugh Challes [Challis]

Other Children of James Wimbish:

2. Ann Wimbish Born: Died: Married:  William Baldwin

3. Sarah Wimbish Born: Died: Married:  Rev. James Garden, Sept. 19, 1760, Prince           Edward Co. VA


Bradshaw, Herbert Clarence, History of Prince Edward County, Virginia:
From its Earliest Settlements through its Establishment in 1754 To
its Bicentennial Year; Richmond, Va., Dietz Press., p. 86-87.

Slaves, indentured servants, the individuals themselves and members oftheir families provided the labor which operated the early farms. Early lists of tithables show a considerable number of people without slaves.  Two of the three lists of thithables (those for the areas between Bush and Buffalo and west of Buffalo) for 1755 remain; JAMES WIMBISH [was listed] with five slaves; . . . THEODORICK CARTER [was listed] with three slaves; . . .


Wills: James Wimbish, 1761: Prince Edward County, VA

I, James Wimbish of P in St Patrick’s Parish To my wife – 4 slaves, Moll, Will, Tom, Lucy, and if needed, my negro woman named Phillis, and one fourth of my Personal estate, during her natural life.

To my daughter Martha, the wife of Hugh Challes – my 2 negro girls named Hannah & Chloe, who were born of my mulatto woman Phillis, now in the service of my daughter Martha, but to return to my estate after my death.

To my daughter Anne, the wife of William Baldwin, my mulatto Woman named Agness.

To my daughter Sarah, the wife of the Reverend Mr James Garden – my mulatto woman names Sue, and 1 bed and furniture, which they have already in possession.

To my son James Wimbish – my Negro man named Mingo, and my Negro boy named Harry, with what has received formerly.

To my daughter Mary, the wife of James Thackston – 65 £ to be paid 12 months after my death.

To my 3 youngest sons, Samuel, John, and Benjamin Wimbish - all my land and slaves not already disposed of, as well as those allotted for the use of my wife, after her death to be equally divided among them, together with the reversion and remainder of my estate.

Executors: my 3 youngest sons, Samuel, John, and Benjamin Wimbish.

Signed Feb 1, 1761 – James Wimbish. Wit – George Davies, Nathel Barksdale, Archibald McElroy.

At P Court of Feb 10, 1761, the will of James Wimbish Deceased was presented in court by the executors, proven by the witnesses, and OR.


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Martha Wimbish (1733-1804) Prince Edward County, VA; Rockingham County, NC

1733 [WHB - I would like to obtain documentation of Martha Wimbish's birthdate and the names, birthdates and spouses of her siblings.]

Born: Prince Edward County, VA

Father: James Wimbish

Mother: Ann [WHB or Mary]


Feb 28: Martha Wimbish married to Hugh Challis, Prince Edward Co., Virginia.


Death of her father, James Wimbish. References from his will.

Wills: James Wimbish, 1761: Prince Edward County, VA

I, James Wimbish of P in St Patrick’s Parish To my wife – 4 slaves, Moll, Will, Tom, Lucy, and if needed, my negro woman named Phillis, and one fourth of my Personal estate, during her natural life.

To my daughter Martha, the wife of Hugh Challes – my 2 negro girls named Hannah & Chloe, who were born of my mulatto woman Phillis, now in the service of my daughter Martha, but to return to my estate after my death.



Death: Rockingham County, NC

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William Stubblefield (1570-1629), Castle Camps, Cambridgeshire, Correspondence, Part I

Correspondence of WHB to Cousin Barb, November 30, 2001:

Cousin Barb -

I did receive your much-appreciated package of materials from the Newberry Library.  I have had a chance to organize the Cambridgeshire data into year to year timelines.  The materials do provide the documentation for facts that have been circulated among the Stubblefield researchers without documentation, and even provide some leads for another genealogical line (the Camps) out of neighboring portions of Essex County, that border Castle Camps.  With distractions here, it will take me some time to piece these things together, but I will have materials to share with you.

I have seen no clue so far that indicates that the contemporary group of Stubblefields from Southeast England are related to the Cambridgeshire-Essex group. Since the term “stubblefield” easily leads to a place name, there could be two separate origins of the same surname.  On the other hand, it is not entirely out of the question that all English Stubblefields are relatives.

There are some other bits of information on Stubblefields for which I have not seen documentation that do not appear to be in the Newberry papers you sent me.  Most notably are references to a Richard Stubblefield in Northumberland County Virginia in the mid-17th century.  There may be two separate Stubblefield lines in England, but I would find it inconceivable that all 17th century Stubblefields who have sailed to Virginia were not closely related.

Cousin Bill.

Correspondence of Cousin Barg (Fageol) to WHB, November 5, 2001

OK Bill, now you have my attention.  I am a native Californian and am on my way there in December.  So where are you? I have about fifty pages of hard copies of John Stubblefield’s material.  I didn’t copy the entire film.  I would be happy to send you a copy of what I have if you send me your address.
The Newberry Library
60 W. Walton Street
Chicago, Ill60610
Stubblefield Genealogical Material
Mr. John S. Stubblefield
2150 Niles Ave.
St. Joseph, Michigan 49085
donated October 16, 1978
order # 31228

I can’t remember what I found it under at the Allen County Library, but it was probably the file on families; which can be found under the Stubblefield name. Barb

Correspondence of Cousin Barb (Fageol) to WHB, November 5, 2001

Hi Bill,

I’m afraid most all of my information before Simon arrived has been gathered from other sources and I don’t have actual documents.  Are you familiar with Mr. John Stubblefield’s material that was donated to the Newberry Library in Chicago?  He has a lot of material that could be a help to you.  It was donated in 1978 and I haven’t really had a chance to go over it very well as yet.  He has references to people who have documents but don’t think he owns any himself.

I have been living near the Allen County Public Library in Fort Wayne Indiana for over 25 years (we are due to leave in a couple of weeks as luck would have it) and they have a copy of the material on Microfilm. I am interested in your project, though don’t know anyone else to add to your helpers list.  Are you living in England?  We have friends in Sheffield and plan to get over to see them in the next year or so.  Had planned to go to Cambridgeshire at that time. Would love to hear more about your project.   Barb

Correspondence of WHB to Don Stubblefield, September 18, 2001

Cousin Don

Thank you for the reference to Clarice de Auderville’s marriage.  So far, neither reference gave a clue to the century, shire of residence, or documentation for this marriage.  As I mentioned, several generations of persons were named Faulk Fitzwarine (or similar)and
held property in Cambridgeshire, (although they appeared to have lived in Shropshire or Lincolnshire) so THAT part could lead to some tie with the Cambridgeshire family that came to be known as STUBBLEFIELD.

Have you had a chance to review your uncle’s notes to see what documentary references and other relevant notes he might have made to the family before it left England? Perhaps this is being picked up in one of the books on the Peerage.

Cousin Bill.

Correspondence of WHB to Don Stubblefield, September 17, 2001

Cousin Don -

I do not know what the Genealogy Library is.  It apparently is a website.  Do you have an Internet address for it.  Is it a free site? Were there any dates with that?

As far as the Richard III’s marriages before Ann Nevill, clearly marriages could be dissolved and illegitimate children made legitimate with pressure from the king or someone with extraordinary political power.

However, the question I have is, WHO the first marriage was to, and what is the documentation that it was a STUBBLEFIELD or someone from whom the STUBBLEFIELDS descended? Also, is there any evidence that the name STUBBLEFIELD was used at all in any place before 1570 other than in the Hundreds of Chilton and Radfield and the three  parishes I have cited elsewhere — Castle Camps, Brinkley and Carlton cum Willingham?

Believe it or not, I think all of this discussion may end up leading us somewhere.

Cousin Bill

Correspondence of Don Stubblefield to WHB , September 17, 2001

Our cousin Eleanor Stubblefield Neal, called me last night and was telling me of this and is going to let me know more about this.  I do not know if it is true or not.
Richard III was married July 12, 1472 to Anne Nevill, and had one child Edward but he had six or more children before he married Anne.  In England they can make it like a marriage never happened.  Don’t know if it is true but looking forward to what she has.

What I sent you is what I got out of the Genealogy Library.

Correspondence of WHB to Don Stubblefield, September 17, 2001

Cousin Don -

I am descended from WILLIAM DE WARENNE (whom to the best of my current knowledge) seems probably also the ancestor of the various Fulk de Warinnes and Fulk
Fitz-Warins who lived in Cambridgeshire in Plantagenet and Tudor times.  Do you have any dates on when Clarice de Auderville lived?

In fact, can you share with me the verbatim information that you are quoting from?  Were these notes of your uncle, and, if so, in what form were they kept and what do they say exactly?

The interesting thing about this information is that the Clarice’s spouse’s name is a prominent Cambridgeshire name.  Your uncle appears to have had some clue that links the descendents of DE WARENNE with the 16th century STUBBLEFIELDS.  But what can it be?  The STUBBLEFIELDS are located in the villages in the Chilford and Radfield hundreds. Are they descendents of great lords living as yeomen families?

Let me know what you find.  You are raising some interesting questions for me.

Cousin Bill.

Correspondence from Don Stubblefield to WHB, September 2 and 6, 2001

Dear Cousin,
This is the only deAuderville I can find.  Please let me know if you can find any information.  I really believe that the Stubblefield name came from this name.

Clarice De Auderville (F) - Pedigree | Ind. View |E-mail Submitter/Download File
Birth:  –
Spouse:  Faulk Fitz-Warine

Also there was a John Warham some way related to William [Stubblefield] from Castle Camps. Just a name Ralph had down, not sure why. John Warham (ca.1595-1670) minister at Exeter, Devon, England: came from Plymouth


Correspondence from WHB to all “Stubblefield Cousins”, September 15, 2001

Dear Friends -

Although I have spent much of the past two years researching the ancestors of GILES CARTER, JR, I have recently been inspired by Cousin Don to do some additional work on the STUBBLEFIELD family.

What I have been concentrating on in recent days are two adjoining Hundreds in Southeast Cambridgeshire whose Eastern portion contain the villages of Castle
Camps, Brinkley and Carlton and Willingham (which are often “Latinized” as Carlton cum Willingham).

My hypothesis is that the STUBBLEFIELD name originated here, sometime before 1570 when WILLIAM STUBBLEFIELD, grandfather of our ancestor SIMON STUBBLEFIELD, was born.  These villages, although all three (or four, if you count Carlton/Willingham as two) are in three  different parishes, they are within walking distance of each other.

I think I can offer some very interesting information about 16th century Cambridgeshire and can figure out a lot about these ancestors.  However, I need to get a  clear idea on what the original documentation is for us knowing all we do about Castle Camps.  I also nee to know what the documentation is for knowing that a Richard Stubblefield was in Northumberland County before  SIMON STUBBLEFIELD came across.

Please let me know what you know, and who may be interested in pursuing this period of time with me.

Cousin Bill

WHB Correspondence with Meridel Ortolani, October 3, 1998.

Cousin Meridel,

I am pleased that you have written me.  I also am descended from ROBERT STUBBLEFIELD (1702-1775) through his son RICHARD STUBBLEFIELD, a younger brother of your ancestor George of Halifax County.

I correspond regularly with half a dozen persons who are researching the Stubblefields.  We have pooled the information that we have collected individually and are beginning to compile a more complete picture of the Stubblefield family than currently exists.  I expect to develop a website within the next several months [WHB - in point of fact, the website was created merely 13 years later] on SIMON STUBBLEFIELD and his descendents.

My approach to genealogy is rather different than most workers in the field.  I like to gather every documented reference to any ancestor or their collateral lines.  I organize all the information chronologically by individual.  I call my electronic file on each
individual as that ancestor’s curriculum vitae or CV.  I also try to get a sense of impact of historical events on the family.  Which side did they fight on in the 17th century English civil war?  How did Bacon’s Rebellion in Virginia or the American Revolution impact them, etc.

At present I have CVs on the Cambridgeshire Stubblefields and Cheesemans, on SIMON STUBBLEFIELD (and several of us believe that there were two or three generations of SIMON STUBBLEFIELDs before GEORGE, husband of Ann Nash and father of our ancestor ROBERT, was born.  I also have CVs on GEORGE, his sons ROBERT and George, as well as several people in the next generation.  If you would like to see
one of these and compare my information with what you have I will be glad to share it with you.

Please let me know the sources of the lines of descent you have outlined so far.  I am trying to figure out where some of the information originated, particularly the “suspect” 1640 birthdate for SIMON STUBBLEFIELD.  I believe JEFFREY’s son was born in 1629 and that the 1640 date is totally wrong.

Meridel Ortolani Correspondence with WHB, October 2, 1998:

I descend from Jefferye Stubblefield b abt 1596 Castle Camps, Cambridgeshire, England; his son Simon Stubblefield b 1640 England; his son George Stubblefield b 1675 VA and his spouse Ann; his son Robert Stubblefield b 1702 Gloucester, VA and spouse Anne; his son George Stubblefield b abt 1728 VA and spouse Keziah Read b 1730 VA; their son
Robert Loxley Stubblefield b 8 Jun 1751 VA and spouse Sarah Easley b 1 Dec 1752 TN; their son Thomas Stubblefield b 18 Dec 1776 VA and spouse Martha Bond b 13 Feb 1791; their daughter Mary Stubblefield b 20 Apr 1810 TN and spouse Samuel Haywood b 1807 TN; their daughter Martha Haywood b 1833 IN and spouse William Wallace Quillen b 19 Sep 1834 IN; their son William Henry Quillen b 25 May 1857 IN and spouse Frances Olive Brumbaugh b 27 Aug 1864 OH; their dau. Mary Estella Quillen b 18 Nov 1880 KS and spouse Arthur David Mann b 4 Apr 1875 KS; their son Arleigh Everett Mann b 31 Jan 1908 CO and spouse Robbie Lee Rust b 24 Feb 1911 TX and I am their daughter.

Nadine Billingsley Correspondence with WHB, September 21, 1998:

Our trip to UK was most interesting.  I did go to Castle Camps.  There are several “Camp” towns in that area.  At one time if I understand it, these were military camps.

Castle Camps is a small village of about 1,500 people. It is has a lovely church about a mile from town.  The cemetery is also there.  It was overgrown and most of the stones I could read were from 1800.  In UK the parish or church sends out notices when the cemetery is full that they are going to remove old stones.  If you reply that you want your peoples stone left they it will be left.

I haven’t received the photos back, if you will send your snail mail address I will send a copy later.

The city and church have no records going back as far as we want.  The Post mistress and priest didn’t have knowledge of any Stubblefields.  The parish is in the Ely conference.

WHB Correspondence with Nadine Billingsley, June 13, 1998:

I do not have any of the documentation from Cambridgeshire which you have collected and would treasure anything you could share with me.  I also have relatively scant information on SIMON [I try to capitalize any name that I know is a direct ancestor of myself) and his son GEORGE, although I begin to have much better information on GEORGE's son (and George Jr.'s brother) ROBERT. I HAVE, however, visited some of SIMON's haunts in Gloucester County's Ware Parish and have done work in Spotsylvania and Orange Counties as well as Rockingham County, NC where ROBERT's branch eventually centered.

I have worked on the Stubblefields for a couple of decades (in my very, very spare time).  The published sources have so many gaps that I shared the confusion that many had.  However, recently I have begun to realize (or at least hypothesize) that the trick with them is to assume that this is one giant family dynasty wheeling and dealing in
tobacco and tobacco lands, sending branches of the family into remote areas as outposts to some coordinated economic activities.

Even if this hypothesis wildly overstates reality, it works wonders in guessing where to look for connections.  I have been assisting a gentleman in Arizona who is trying to connect a William Stubblefield who shows up in Wilkes County, Georgia to his immediate ancestors.  Working through his documentation and looking at material from
adjoining counties in Eastern Georgia and Western South Carolina, I was able to note continuous interrelationships with my North Carolina group (ROBERT's descendents) and the descendents of his brother George in Spotsylvania and Orange County, VA.

As we work together, I hope to discuss this hypothesis and its implications for family history research with you and greater length.

Nadine Billingsley Correspondence with WHB, June 13, 1998:

[H]ere is the information I gathered in 1985 from Shirehall  (Cambridgeshire).

Castle Camp Re. Shire Hall Cambridge GB Symon Stubblefield b. 1629 Apr 28, son of Jeffeye and Marye

Children of Jeffeye and Marye (Marie): Births

1624 March 25 William
1627 Dec 4 Susan
1629 Apr 28 Symon
1631 Dec 28  Robert
1635 Feb Sara

Childre of Jeffeye and Marye (Marie):  Burials
1630 Oct 9 William
1636 June 29 Marye wife of Jefferye
1637 Sara daughter of Jefferye and Marye  (I don’t know why the spelling of Jeffeye is different but it was.)

A book that confirmed a lot of information on my Texas Stubblefield is  AMERICAN ORIGINS by David Trimble.  his book is in many libraries but his address of many years ago is:

Dr. David B. Trimble
2504 Hartford Road
Austin, Texas 78703

The book was $15.00 and covered a lot of  families that lived in Surry co. VA, Orange Co NC, Hawkins Co. Tn and some in MD and KY.

Don Stubblefield Correspondence with WHB:

I was looking at an internet site [WHB-no longer in existence] and found it does not line up with what my Uncle Ralph left me and what I have found in my study.  George who married Keaiah Read father was Robert Stubblefield and they have a George as the father. Also I am not sure about where Ann Parker fits in the picture.  My uncle Ralph did a whole of years of study and I think what he has is almost if not perfect.

WHB’s Correspondence with Don Stubblefield

Cousin Don,

I think your uncle Ralph’s work is a good point of departure.  I believe I will be able to help you fill in missing information and to work with you to reconcile any differences between what your uncle had found and what some of the others that are alsoserious family historians have found that seems at odds with what he did.

However, the most important thing to me right now is to find the documentation for everything we know and to put the documents in order by date — that is a basis for how I do my work.

Almost every other family historian and genealogist I come across is spending so much time getting the names of the people and the proof of the direct lines, that they ignore all sorts of information that would give them clues to what they want to know.  It is as if an archaelogist decided he would only save intact pottery and would throw away every other piece of evidence  that didn’t conform to the condition of pottery he was searching for.

In the meantime, I have spent several days on discovering everything I can about the “first in the  line” — that we can identify.  That is WILLIAM  STUBBLEFIELD of Castle Camps (1570-1629).

I have learned a lot about the village of Castle Camps  and about the 1570s and 1580s there (Queen Elizabeth’s time).  My current hypothesis is that he was a yeoman, rather than anyone related to the nobility of French Norman descent, and that the family name possibly (maybe probably) came from a section of Castle Camps called Stubbings Field.

His Lord, when WILLIAM was born, was Edward de Vere,  the Earl of Oxford (the very person that many regard as the true writer of Shakespeare’s works).  I think you might find it interesting to do a search on Edward de Vere’s name and look for the Shakespeare-Oxford website.  It is fascinating.  Let me know what you think when you see it.  But, of course, that is a diversion from the main task of documentation.

Did your Uncle Ralph make notes on exactly where he got his information on Castle Camps?  Nadine Billingsley confirmed more or less the same information as your uncle had from her visit to the Cambridgeshire Shirehall in the mid-1980s.  But I would like to know more about exactly in what context that information is recorded and stored.

I have reason to believe that more information exists in document form on the inhabitants of Castle Camps than might show in the Shirehall.  This information (I speculate) probably exists in a foundation in London that inherited the manor and surrounding villages after de Vere sold them.

Please check through his notes and let me know where he got the Castle Camps and Carlton cum Willingham information.  The latter, of course, is the town in which 19 year old WILLIAM has his daughter Agnes.  I am interested in how he came to be in Carlton cum Willingham?  (That village also has a interesting history.)

You didn’t reply to my question as to whether you still live in Joplin.  I hope that you write me again after you’ve had a chance to see if there is more in your uncle’s material (and checked out your GGGGGG+grandfather’s lord’s website).

Your Cousin Bill.

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Simon Stubblefield (1629 – ?) Gloucester County, VA

WHB Correspondence with the Stubblefield Cousins, September 7, 1998

Subject:  SIMON STUBBLEFIELD’S Neighbors

Reading a history of Virginia written in the 19th century, I came across a reference to Thomas Cheeseman’s role in Bacon’s Rebellion, which was centered in Gloucester County and was surely the most exciting thing to happen in Virginia in the 1670s.  Since we know that Thomas Cheeseman and his family  were involved in legal matters in Cambridgeshire and Cheeseman was SIMON STUBBLEFIELD’s neighbor in Gloucester County, I thought I would copy the Bacon’s rebellion reference and bring together every other reference that I have so far on the Cheesemans.  It is my hope that we will have a lot more after we hear from Cousin Nadine and of anything else she might have learned through on-site research in the Cambridge Shirehall.

It seems likely to me that either SIMON was on the same side as Cheeseman in the Rebellion or there was a lot of tension in the neighborhood if they were on opposite sides.  Being closely associated by place of origin in England and adjoining lands in Virginia with a person whom the Royal Governor has sentenced to hanging, had to have
aroused strong emotions on our ancestor.

EDWARD AND THOMAS CHEESEMAN (Cambridgeshire, England and Gloucester County, VA) 17th Century


Jones, Spotswood Hunnicutt, The World of Ware Parish:  A Chronicle of an Episcopal Community in Tidewater Virginia from the Mid-Seventeenth Century to the Present, The Dietz Press, Richmond, 1991 Footnote 13, pp. 21-22.

“Some of the early landowners in Ware Parish are:  1642-1681 - Christopher Abbott, John Benson, Thomas Booth, Francis Boswell, Thomas Boswell, Thomas Bremar, Robert Bristow, Francis Campfield, John Chisman, Mordecai Cooke, John Curtis, Mrs. Avarilla Curtis, Thomas Curtis, Thomas Deacon, Abraham Fletcher, Oliver Green, Dr. Edward
Gwyn, Tobias Hansford, John Harvey, William Ironmonger, John Morris, Thomas Morris, Alexander Murray, John Pate, William Prach (Pratt?) Thomas Pryor, Peter Ransome, John Reade, Christopher Reganel, Thomas Royston, Thomas Ryland, John Sanderson, Thomas Sayres, William Skelton, Lawrence Smith, Thomas Vicaris, Col. John Walker, John Walton, James Whiting, Col. Francis Willis, Thomas Wisdom, and Richard
Wyatt.  Most of these individuals lived in the Ware River-Ware Neck area.  Land owners on the North River, in Ware Parish, included Thomas Todd, Edward Dawber, Zachary Cripps, Richard Young.  (Special collections, William Carter Stubbs Collection, Folder 47, Swem Library, College of William and Mary.)


Correspondence from Nadine Billingsly:

Simon Stubblefield son of Jeffeye and Marge Stubblefield of Castle [Cambridgeshire]  seems to be my immigrant to the US as early as 1672. There seems to be a “judgement in England” between Ed. Cheeseman and Thomas Cheeseman and Symon Stubblefield.

[WHB:  Note the reference to S. Stubblefield’s land in Gloucester County [1688, below] where Stubblefield’s land borders Thomas Cheeseman’s.  I also believe that the Gloucester County Chismans are, in fact, Cheesemans.]


Fiske, John, Old Virginia and Her Neighbours, in two volumes, Volume II, The Riverside Press, Cambridge, 1897, p. 92 and 93.

“Soon after [Nathaniel] Bacon’s death . . . two captains were hanged, and the affair of Major Edward Cheesman seems to have occurred while [Governor] Berkeley was still at Accomac.  It is the foulest incident recorded in Berkeley’s career.  When Cheesman was brought before him, the governor fiercely demanded, “Why did you engage in Bacon’s
designs?”  Before the prisoner could answer, his young wife stepped forward and said, “It was my provocations that made my husband join the cause; but for me he had never done what he has done.”  Then falling on her knees before the governor, she implored that she might be hanged as the guilty one instead of her husband.(1)  The old wretch’s answer was an insult so atrocious that his royalist chronicler can hardly abide it.  “His Honour” must have been beside himself with anger and could not have meant what he said; for no woman could have “so small an affection for her husband as to dishonour him
by her dishonesty, and yet retain such a degree of love, that rather than he should be hanged she will be content to submit her own life to the sentence.”  Perhaps the governor’s thirst for vengeance was satisfied by his ruffian speech, for Major Cheesman was not put to death, but remanded to jail, where he died of illness.

[WHB- The following footnote is contained on p. 92 of the Fiske history:  “(1) Some interesting information about the Cheesmans may be found in William and Mary College Quarterly, vol. 1”.  Let’s one of us pursue that reference.]

Fiske, John, Old Virginia and Her Neighbours, in two volumes, Volume II, The Riverside Press, Cambridge, 1897, p.104.

“The officers we have met in the story, Hansford and Bland and Cheesman, were men of good family; and among the foremost men in the colony we are told that Colonel George Mason was inclined to sympathize with the insurgents.  In this he was clearly by no means alone.  On the whole, however, there can be no doubt that Bacon’s cause was to a considerable extent the cause of the poor against the rich, of the humble folk against the grandees.”

Entries from A Guide to Gloucester County, Virginia Historical Manuscripts, 1651-1865,
Bodie, C.aA. and Siener, W.H., compilers, under auspices of Gloucester Historical Committee, published by Archives Division, Virginia State Library, September, 1976

1677-30 DECEMBER 1677.  Original: Public Record Office, London, England. Copy: Virginia Colonial Records Project.

Includes “A Particular Account . . . how . . . Commissioners have observed, comlied with instructions . . . ,” 15 October 1677, a narrative of Bacon’s Rebellion.  It contains a list of Gloucester grievances and details of the Rebellion in Gloucester.  Also a letter, Berry and Moryson, late Commissioners, to Lords of Trade and Plantations, 6 December 1677, enclosing a list of the Council of Virginia with the characters of those thought most fit for service, including Col. Augustine Warner and Col. Francis Willis.  In addition a letter, Col. Francis Moryson, to Samuel Wiseman, 25 February 1677, calling Robert Beverley and Philip Ludwell incorrigible mutineers. Three petitions, December 1677 of Sands Knowles of Gloucester regarding Maj. Robert Beverley’s attack on Knowles’ plantation during
Bacon’s Rebellion, and an order in council, 22 December 1677, concerning the petitions are also included.


P. 71, vol. 1.
STUBBLEFIELD, SYMON JUN’R; WARE P. Beginning “by the Road side that leads to the Court house at the head of Wm. Roes Land dece’d . . . along the Gleabe Land northwest . adjoining Mr. Richard Whitehead”, Mr. Thomas Cheeseman E., along land formerly belonging to James Whitlock E & SE. HR: John White, William Brewton, Tho. Brush.

Gloucester, Book 7, page 637, April 23, 1688, 188 acreas. p. 15, vol. 1. BUTLER, Sarah & Alice Saies


p. 62, vol. 1. Thomas Reade, MR. Escheat land formerly belonging to Edward Maise.  Beginning near Edward Stubblefield’s tobacco ground “from where his dwelling house
Chimney funnel bears NE”: distant from sd dwelling house 25 poles toWhilocks’ [Whitlock?] (now Stubblefields) spring & adjoining Wm. Debnam along Chrismans* line.  Deeded to Edw. Maise by James Whitlock & Dorothy his wife dated June 5, 1691 “sayed to be granted to Thomas Russel [willed] to Thomas Reade.”  Richard Johnson late Escheator. Price: 2 pounds of Tobacco per acre.

Gloucester, Book 10, Page 173, June 16, 1714, 47 acres.

[*WHB note:  I believe I have miscopied this.  It should be Chisman’s (Cheeseman’s) line.]

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Theodorick Carter (Jr) (1697-1777), Prince Edward County, VA

check for non-duplicated entries



THEORORICK CARTER (JR) born in Henrico County, VA, according to LDS Ancestral File.  Father THEODORICK CARTER [AFN:HZH9-2M (1669-1737)] and Mrs. ELIZABETH Carter.  Paternal Grandfather GILES CARTER ([AFN:HZF8-F6] Born 1634 in England), in 1668 in Henrico County married HANNAH CREWS  ([AFN:HZF8-GC] Born 1638 in England) is AFN


THEODORICK CARTER (JR) marries ANNE WADDILL in Prince Edward County(?), VA.  Source:  LDS Ancestral File.


Daughter SUSANNA CARTER born in Henrico County (?), Virginia.  Source LDS Ancestral File.


Son John Carter born in Henrico County, Virginia.  In 1755 married Mary Cunningham in Halifax County, Virginia.


Son Theodorick Carter born in Prince Edward County, Virginia.  In 1764marries Mrs. Townes Carter in Halifax County, Viriginia.


From Goochland County, Virtginis, Wills and Deeds 1736-1742, Abstracted and Compiled by Benjamin B. Weisiger III:

p.296, “Deed 20 May 1740 Mathew Ligon of St James Parish, Goochland Co., planter to Theodorick Carter of same for 21 pounds 250 acres on branches of Fine Creek and Fighting Creek, granted to said Ligon, bounded by the creeks John Radford, Samuel Allen, William Allen, said Ligon and John Hails, with all houses, etc. Wit. Jos. Woodson, Rich’d Levens, Wm Lax Signed: Matt. Ligon Elizabeth, wife of Matthew, relinquished her dower right, recorded 20 May 1740.”


Son William Carter born in Prince Edward County, Virginia.


Son Richard Carter born in Prince Edward County, Virginia.  In 1767 marries Mildred Wade in Prince Edward County, Virginia.


Deed Book 2 Amelia County, Virginia.  (Abstracted and Compiled by Gibson Jefferson McConnaughey). Deed Book 2, page 105. Deed to James Rutlidge & Mary, his wife, to John Nash, dated August 15, 1744. Consideration: 45 pounds.  Witnesses:  George Walker, THEODERICK CARTER, John Shelley and Bartholomew Zacry.  2 tracts lower side Bush River containing 250 acres, being land and plantation whereon Majes
Rutlidge and Mary now live, and granted said Rutledge by patent on July 13, 1742; 150 acres of which Mary Rutlidge sold to said James Rutlidge, bounded in part by Joseph Morton’s line, now Nash’s line.


Daughter Nanny Waddill Carter born in Prince Edward County, Virginia.


Son Waddill Carter born in Prince Edward County, Virginia.


Bradshaw, Herbert Clarence, History of Prince Edward County, Virginia:
From its Earliest Settlements through its Establishment in 1754 To
its Bicentennial Year; Richmond, Va., Dietz Press. p.6 [In 1738 Court Session] Joseph Morton asked that a road be cleared from George Walker’s plantation (on Bush River) to Buffalo River.  The Court granted the request. . . and appointed him surveyor.  . . .
Joseph Morton, Jr., bridle way to be cleared from the road near Charles Anderson’s to Bush River Church, with Anderson, Richard Woodson, Alexander Cunningham, THEODORICK CARTER, Joseph Shelton, John Chessright, and their tithables to do the work.


Daughter Molly Carter born in Prince Edward County, Virginia.


Son Samuel Carter born in Prince Edward County, Virginia.


Daughter Sally Carter born in Prince Edward County, Virginia.


Ibid., p. 68. Although the St. Patrick’s vestry was prompt enough in laying plans for the purchase of a glebe, it was five years before the dwelling house on it was ready for the minister to move into. At the first meeting (September 9, 1755 at the courthouse), the wardens were authorized to receive proposals for a glebe and to report to the vestry.  Three tracts, each of 300 acres, were offered to the vestry at its meeting at Sandy River Church December 3, 1755.  George Walker offered a tract near Leigh’s for 100 pounds, THEODORICK CARTER a part of his tract for 90 pounds and Philemon Holcomb 105 pounds.  A committee consisting of Thomas Scott, David Flournoy, Thomas Haskins, and John Nash, Jr., was appointed to view the lands and report.  At its October, 1757, meeting, the vestry decided to buy 300 acres for 200 pounds from Charles Anderson, George Walton, Abraham Martin, and Henry Ligon.

Ibid., p. 86-87. Slaves, indentured servants, the individuals themselves and members oftheir families provided the labor which operated the early farms. Early lists of tithables show a considerable number of people without slaves.  Two of the three lists of thithables (those for the areas between Bush and Buffalo and west of Buffalo) for 1755 remain; JAMES WIMBISH [was listed] with five slaves; . . . THEODORICK CARTER [was listed] with three slaves; . . .


Prince Edward County, Virginia Deed Book 1 (1754-1759) Deed Book I, page 103a. July 18, 1757 from Joseph Morton of Lunenburg County, to Richard Woodson of Prince Edward County for 400 pounds a certain tract of land in PEC on both sides of Bryer [Briery] River, about 1017 acres bounded by Morton, Martin, Hamlin, Anderson, [of] which 800 acres of the said land was patented to said Morton on March 26, 1739; and about 200 acres was patented to Daniel Hamlin on November 22, 1739 and deeded to Morton by Hamlin; and 17.5 acres was conveyed to said Morton by a deed from John Morton.  John Morton, Jr., THEO CARTER, James Legrand. Recorded August 9, 1757.


Deed Book I, page 139a -March 13, 1759: From Richard Morton of Prince Edward County to John Morton of PEC, for 50 pounds, a certain tract of land of about 200 acres . . . on the lower side of Buffalo River and bounded by Nathaniel Venable, THEODORICK CARTER, William Coffee.

Deed Book I, page 161a From Richard Morton of Prince Edward County to Alexander Legrand of PEC for 50 pounds, a certain tract of land of about 200 acres in PEC on the branches of Buffalo [River] and is bounded by John Watson, Richard Morton, the Ridge.  Signed Richard Morton.  Witnesses: Nathaniel Venable, THEODORICK CARTER, William Coffee. Recorded March 13, 1759


Ibid., p. 45-47. “Administratively, the processioning of land belongs with the activities of the parish vestry.  It may properly be included in the history of the activities of the civil government, becuase it was designed to fix the land boundaries.  The act of 1748 governing processioning was in force when Prince Edward became a county; this law provided that “the bounds of every persons land shall be processioned or gone round every four lands and the landmarks renewed.”  County courts were required to direct the parish vestries between June 1 and September 1, 1751, and every fourth year thereafter to have the land processioned.  The vestry divided the parish into precincts and appointed for each precinct two or more “intelligent, honest freeholders” to procession the land between the last of September and the last of the following March, to report each person’s land which was processioned, the persons present at the processioning, the lands which were not processioned, and the reasons for not processioning them.  The church wardens were required to give notice at church, at least three Sundays in advance, of the precincts in which the lands were to be procssioned and the names of the processioners.  Disputed boundaries, not settled at the processioning, could be settled by a surveyor and jury appointed by the court.  Three processionings fixed permanently the boundaries of the land.

“The first processioning in Prince Edward was order September 12, 1759 and was directed to be done between October 10, 1759 and March 31, 1760.  . .

Vestry Book of St. Patrick’s Parish, Prince Edward County, Virginia, shows William Brown and THEODORICK CARTER.

Ibid., p. 72- “Items in the 1760 levy show the expense of a case of smallpox.  For one case the vestry paid Charles Cobrall five pounds and Michael McDeamon two pound three for caring for the ill man, paid THEODORICK CARTER 1 pound 2 and Philemon Holcomb five shillings for blankets for him, and paid George Walker 1 pound 15 for a rug for the man.


Bradshaw, Herbert Clarence, History of Prince Edward County, Virginia:
From its Earliest Settlements through its Establishment in 1754 To
its Bicentennial Year; Richmond, Va., Dietz Press. p. 36

“The [Roanoke] road through Thomas Haskins’ plantation was a source of controversy in 1761.  The road crossed Haskins’ lowgrounds and lay between his house and a branch in such a way as to deprive him of the use of the branch as a source of water for his pasture. Although the road had been used twelve years, the Court closed it.  A petition for
its re-opening was presented to the Court, which in July, 1761, appointed John Morton, THEODORICK CARTER, and Jacob McGehee to see if a road could be run around Haskins’ property.  They reported to the August Court that there was “no good passable way around,” and the Court ordered the road to be cleared and re-opened along the former route.  Phileman Holcomb testified in behalf of Haskins that he would not have the road go in the way directed if it were through his property for fifty pounds.  Samuel Goode set a more conservative figure for the damages, twenty pounds, while Matthew Rice, one of the petitioners for re-opening the road, through twenty-five pounds a fair
estimate of the damaged.

Ibid., p. 39.

“Usually, though not always, the Court entrusted the letting of
contracts for bridge construction and repair to magistrates.  Among
the justices, in addition to Holcomb, given this responsibility were
Thomas Haskins, John Leigh, John Nash, Jr., John Morton, Nathaniel
Venable, and Robert Goode.  Among the men who were not on the bench
who were directed to attend to letting contracts were Thomas Watkins,
Richard Burks, HUGH CHALLIS*, John LeNeve (the county clerk),
THEODORICK CARTER**, and Thomas Carter. *Order Book 1:161 **Order Book 2:114, 4:197.  The sheriff was directed to pay THEODORIC CARTER 13 pounds 16 due Peter LeGrand for repairs to Briery bridge.


Prince Edward County Virginia Abstracts of Wills.  Books Nos. 1-7, 1754-1837 Will Book I Page 205

Dated December 7, 1777

Children: SUSANNA STUBLEFIELD, John, Theodorick, William, Richard, Nanny Waddill Thompson, Waddill, Molley, Salley, Samuel, and Francis Watkins. Exors:  Waddill, son and friends, Nathaniel Venable and Francis Watkins. Witnesses: Elizabeth Clarke, Agnes Watkins, William Waddill


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Robert Stubblefield (1702-1775), Spotsylvania County, VA


ROBERT STUBBLEFIELD, son of GEORGE STUBBLEFIELD, SR. and ANN NASH born in Gloucester County, Virginia.

25 November: Will of ROBERT NASH [See 1723 Act of General Assembly below], father-in law of GEORGE STUBBLEFIELD, SR., leaves 400 acres in St. Stephen’s Parish, King and Queen County, to his daughter ANN NASH STUBBLEFIELD and the “heirs of her body”, with the stipulation that if neither should survive, the lands would go to his brother John Nash in England.


6 January [date from Jim Hamlin]: Baptism date of brother George Stubblefield, Jr, son of GEORGE STUBBLEFIELD, SR. and ANN, born in Gloucester County, Virginia.


Brother John Stubblefield, son of GEORGE STUBBLEFIELD, SR. and ANN, born in Virginia.


Brother Thomas Stubblefield, son of GEORGE STUBBLEFIELD, SR and ANN, born in Virginia.


p. 62, vol. 1.: Thomas Reade, MR. Escheat land formerly belonging to Edward Maise.  Beginning near Edward Stubblefield’s tobacco ground “from where his dwelling house Chimney funnel bears NE”: distant from sd dwelling house 25 poles to Whilocks’ [Whitlock?] (now Stubblefields) spring & adjoining Wm. Debnam along Chrismans* line.  Deeded to Edw. Maise by James Whitlock & Dorothy his wife dated June 5, 1691 “sayed to be granted to Thomas Russel [willed] to Thomas Reade.”  Richard Johnson late Escheator. Price: 2 pounds of Tobacco per acre.

Gloucester, Book 10, Page 173, June 16, 1714, 47 acres. [*WHB note:  I believe I have miscopied this.  It should be Chisman’s (Cheeseman’s) line.]


Edward Stubblefield, son of GEORGE STUBBLEFIELD, SR and ANN, born in Virginia.


WARE O, Sarah, wife of Peirce Butler. Escheat land, lately owned by Susanna Smith dece’d, beginning at Debnams line adjoining Wm. Strechers Spring Branch & corner of Thomas Reade, crossing Gridiron Branch to Mirtle branch to Main Road near Debnams & Rows corner along road SW to pond and corner of SIMON STUBBLEFIELD dece’d and along Willis line.  Mathew Page, Esqr, Escheator.  Surveyed 1718 by Thomas Cook S. G. C. Price: 2 pounds of Tobacco for every acre. Gloucester County, VA Book 10,  Page 452, Nov 9 1719, 220 acres.


[Quoted in e-mail from Jim Hamlin: 9 May Act of a General Assembly: - “An Act for vesting the fee simple estate of certain entailed lands in Pierce Butler and Paulin Anderson; and for vesting other lands in therein mentioned, in ROBERT STUBBLEFIELD, in fee tail.”

At the same assembly: “It is recited that ROBERT NASH of Abington Parish, Gloucester County by will dated 27 November 1702 devised 400 acres in St. Stephen’s Parish, King and Queen County to his daughter ANN STUBBLEFIELD and the heirs of her body, stipulating upon the failure of same lands should pass to Robert Nash, son of his [the testator’s] brother John Nash in England and ANN STUBBLEFIELD died after her father testator ROBERT NASH having possessed herself of the land and died so seized leavingROBERT STUBBLEFIELD her son and heir and he has conveyed . . “ [JH- Robert was seeking confirmation of title to land so he could pass afee simple title to Butler and Anderson.]


p. 24L From Virginia County Court Records:  Order Book Abstracts of Spotsylvania County, Virginia 1724-1730 (Part III) - 6 March 1727/28 - g August 1729,  Edited and Published by Ruth & Sam Sparacio, The Antient Press 1320 Mayflower Drive, McLean, VA  22101-3402, c. 1990: 4 June 1728 (Old Style), Page 233 “On motion of John Waller he is discharged from being overseer of the road from Mattapany Church to east north east bridge and the said road is devided into two precincts and John Wilkings and Daniell Brown are appointed Overseers in his room, Vizt:  from east north east bridge to John Wallers bridge including the same,  Mr. John Wilkings is appointed overseer & ordered that John Waller, Zachary Lewis, John Wilkings, John Wiglesworth, Dennitt Abney snr: Dennitt Abney junr: John Smith, William Dobbs, Daniell Pruett, mr.:  Robert Baylors Quarter & ROBERT STUBLEFIELD, working Male tithables do help him clear& keep in repair the same –”

From A History of Early Spotsylvania, by James Roger Mansfield, Greene Publishers, Orange, Va., 1977, p. 133: “The establishment of the Mattapony Church on the Ta River caused a flurry of petitions for roads leading to it, especially between the Po and Ta Rivers.  On October 6, 1724, William Russell petitioned for a road leading from Franklyn’s Road ‘to the chapel now abuilding, and from the church to East North East Bridge’.*  These two projects provided a road from the Thornburg area to the new church and from there to a bridge on East North East Creek.  The first portion of this road has been superseded by Virginia Route 606 from Thornburg to Snell, and the latter part by Virginia Route 738 from Snell southward to Duerson’s Store and beyond.  Whether the bridge on East North East was the one on Virginia Route 614 near Lewiston or the one on Virginia Route 622 at Young’s Mill cannot be positively said, but these two bridges were and still are the principal ones on the lower part of that stream.

“John Waller was overseer of this latter road when it was divided into two projects, with John Wilkins as overseer from Waller’s Bridge to the bridge over East North East Creek.  Daniel Brown became overseer of the part from Waller’s Bridge to Mattapony Church.** John Waller lived on his plantation ‘Newport’, on the south side of the Mat River, one-half mile south of Duerson’s Store.  A bridge across the Mat River at this point could well have been Waller’s Bridge.  Whatever the details, it is evident that by 1725 a road with necessary bridges extended from the North Anna River northward to the vicinity of present Snell Post Office.

*Spotsylvania County Order Book, 1724-1730, p. 16, 17

** Spotsylvania County Order Book, 1724-1730, p. 233.

From Virginia County Court Records:  Order Book Abstracts of Spotsylvania County, Virginia 1724-1730 (Part III) – 6 March 1727/28 - g August 1729,  Edited and Published by Ruth & Sam Sparacio, The Antient Press 1320 Mayflower Drive, McLean, VA  22101-3402, c. 1990.

At a Court held for Spotsylvania County June ye fourth Anno Domi, 1728. - On the Petition of Mary Johnson, Widdow, for administration of her husband William Johnson’s Estate (deced) he dieing intestate, is granted her in due form she haveing (upon Oath as the Law enjoyns) & entered into bond with George Carter and John Wiglesworth her securetys & acknowledged the same in Court.  Therefore ordered that ROBERT STUBBLEFIELD, Daniel Brown, Samuell Ham and Thomas Warren or any three of them do some time between this and the next Court (being sworn before some Justice of this County) do appraise all such of the said William Johnson’s estate as shall be produced & shewn to them p the said Administratrix & make report of their proceedings to the next Court.


Son George Stubblefield (B38D-WN)  BORN 1728 Spotsylvania Cnty, Va


At a Court held for Spotsylvania County on Tuesday October the Sixth: 1730. - John Collier, Junr. acknowledged his Deed with Livery & Seizen for Land unto ROBERT STUBBLEFIELD & ANN, the Wife of the said John, Power of Attorney to John Waller Gent. being first proved p the oath of Robert Dudley, the said Waller acknowledged her right of Dower of ye Land unto the said STUBLEFIELD at whose motion the same was admitted to record. -ROBERT STUBLEFIELD acknowledged his Deed for Land unto John Collier Junr. at whose motion the same was admitted to record.

[WHB:  My Spotsyvania County personal research shows John Collier Jr. was from King and Queen County.]


Son John Stubblefield (B38D-XT)  BORN 1730 Spotsylvania Cnty, Va


Spotsylvania County Court 7th of September 1731. -In the action of Debt between Robert Beverley Esqr. Plt. and ROBERT STUBBLEFIELD Defendt., an order is granted against the Defendt & Edwin Hickman late Sheriff, the Security returned being adjudged not sufficient.

-On the petition of Robert Beverley Esqr. Exr. of the Last Will & Testament of Harry Beverley, Gent. deced agst. Allen Frasier for two hundred pounds of sweet scented tobacco due by Bill, Judgement passed for the same with costs and an attorney’s fee; It is therefore ordered that the said Frasier pay the said BEVERLEY the same alias Exo.

-p. 87: Spotsylvania County Court 7th of October 1731. -In the action of Debt between Robert Beveley Esqr. Plt. and ROBERT STUBBLEFIELD Defndt, for two thousand three hundred and eight pounds of good Merchantable tobacco in two hogsheads convenient due by Bill; the Plt. moved for special bail which was by the Court rejected; Afterwards the said Defendt. suffered Judgment to pass against him for the same with costs & an attorneys fee; It is therefore ordered that the said STUBBLEFIELD pay the said Beverley the same alias Exo.



RICHARD STUBBLEFIELD (572H-JN)  born 1732 Spotsylvania Cnty, Va

15 December: On the petition of Simon Stubblefield setting forth that the Petitioner’s brother, John Stubblefield, late of Gloucester County, VA, deceased, being in his life time seized of 1000 acres of land in Spotsylvania County granted to him by patent and having a Right to a Tract of 500 acres of land in the same County by a Certificate granted him by the Honorable Court, the 20th of October last, as lapsed from Thomas Dimmock, by his last will and testament.  800 acres to the two sons of John Stubblefield and 700 acres to the brother Simon Stubblefield. - Executive Journals of the Counil of Virginia, vol. 4 by McIlwane. [Quote from Jim Hamlin.]

[WHB - This may be a key transaction in understanding what was happening to the spreading Stubblefield land dynasty.  Are ROBERT STUBBLEFIELD and/or his brother GEORGE STUBBLEFIELD agents of some kind for his Gloucester County relatives.  Are the two persons referred to their uncles, sons of their grandfather SIMON STUBBLEFIELD and brother of their father GEORGE STUBBLEFIELD.]


From Spotsylvania County General Index of Trust Deeds

May 6, 1734: ROBERT STUBBLEFIELD Grant to Benjamin Matthews, Grantee, 200 —___.

p. 329: At a Court held for Spotsylvania County on Tuesday July the 2nd 1734 - ROBERT STUBBLEFIELD acknowledged his Deeds of Lease and Release for Land unto Ralph Williams, & ANN the Wife of said ROBERT (after being privately examined) acknowledged her right of Dower in ye sd land to ye sd Williams at whose motion the same is admitted to record.

-ROBERT STUBBLEFIELD acknowledged his Deeds of Lease and Release for Land unto Benja. Matthews & ANN the Wife of ye sd ROBERT (after being privately examined) ackd. her right of Dower in ye sd Land to ye sd. Matthews at whose motion ye same is admitted to record.

p. 339 - Spotsylvania County Court 3d of September 1734. -On petition of Catharine Rice for to have administration of her Husband, Wm. Rice Deceds Estate, is granted, she having taken ye Oath as ye Law directs & entered into bond with Henry Goodloe Gent. & John Smith her securitys & acknowledged the same in Court.  Ordered that Certificate be granted her for obtaining Letters of Administration in due form and that ROBERT STUBBLEFIELD, George Carter, JOSEPH CARTER & Mark Wheeler or any three of them (being first sworm before a Majestrate of this County) do appraise all such of ye sd deceds Estate as shall be shewn & produced p ye sd Admrx. and make report of their proceedings to ye next Court.

p. 382 - On Petition of John Minor in behalf of himself and severall others for to have a Road cleared from the Ridge Road near John Smith’s Upper Path by or near ye sd Smiths & ROBERT STUBBLEFIELDs Plantations, to ye County Line near Mr. Henry Goodloe’s; Ordered that John Smith & ROBERT STUBBLEFIELD do view & lay of the most convenient way & report of their proceedings to the next Court

FROM LDS ANCESTRAL FILE (DESCENDENCY CHART ROBERT STUBBLEFIELD (572G-M2) Joel Stubblefield (572h-Kt)  Born 1734 Spotsylvania Cnty, Va


From -Forgotten Companion:  The First Settlers of Spotsylvania County and Fredericksburgh Town (with Notes on Early Land Use), by Paula S. Felder, Historic Publications of Fredericksburg, Fredericksburg, VA., July 17, 1981.

“Among the least costly and demanding of the vestry’s civil responsibilities was the task of processioning the lands of property owners every four years.  Presumably, the act of neutral parties walking off land boundaries in the presence of neighboring owners was to prevent claims of trespass.  The evidence which can be found in St. George’s vestry minutes, however, suggests that the practice was mainly an empty exercise required by law.  More often than not, the landowners refused to cooperate or were not at home.  But processioning was continued throughout the century.

“When ordered by the court, the vestry assigned teams of three or more to do the processioning over a period of six months.  The instructions to the processioners appear regularly throughout the vestry minutes. They provide a useful, if approximate, description of the precinct bounds.  There were six in the first processioning — three above and three below the Po River.  In 1735, the land below the Po was rearranged into five precincts.  (There was unquestionably a larger proportion of the county below the Po River for most of the colonial period).

“Unfortunately, very few of the processioners’ reports were copied into the vestry minutes.  For the year 1731, however, four of the six reports were included.  They are informative in showing that the practice was not exactly taken seriously. . . “The worth of the other processioners’ reports for that year depends on the consicentiousness of the teams and the accuracy of their reporting.  The evidence suggests that much is wanting on both counts. The processioners from the southeastern precinct seemed to have covered only a part of their large territory . . .

Felder, Forgotten Companions, p. 52:  Inset:  The Processioners and Their Precincts.:

Precinct 5.  George Woodroof, ROBERT STUBBLEFIELD, and Robert Goodloe. . . . The lands from the county line between Pamunkey (Northanna) River and the River Ta as     high as Douglas Run.

Listing (from five above to five below ROBERT STUBBLEFIELD’s name): Samuel Ham, George Warren, Robert Goodloe, William Rice, Robert Baillor (Thomas Dillard, overseer), ROBERT STUBBLEFIELD, George Carter, Phoebe Hopson, Robert Coalman, (Thomas Hubbard, overseer), Col. John Waller, Zachary Lewis

p.389 -Spotsylvania County Court 7th of May 1735 -On the petition of ROBERT STUBBLEFIELD Plt. agst. Ralph Williams Deft. for Three hundred and fourteen pounds of tobacco wch: the Plt.on oath made out to be due.  Judgment for the same with costs isgranted him.  It is therefore ordered that the sd Williams pay the sd STUBBLEFIELD the same alias Exo.

p. 393 From:  Historic Roads of Virginia, Spontsylvania County Road Orders 1722-1734, by Nathaniel Mason Pawlett, Faculty Research Historian, VIrginia Highway and Transportation Research Council. p.1-2 (Introduction by NM Pawlett) “The establishment and maintenance of public roads was one of the most important functions of the County Court during the colonial period in Virginia.  Each road was opened and maintained by an Overseer of Highways appointed by the Gentlemen Justices yearly.  He was usually assigned all the “labouring Male Titheables” living on or near the road for this purpose.  These individuals then furnished all their own tools, wagons, and teams and were required to labour for six days each year on the roads.

“Major projects, such as bridges over rivers, demanding considerable expenditures were executed  by commissioners appointed by the Court to select the site and to contract with workmen for the construction.

“. . . The years 1722-1734 encompass the period when Spotsylvania was a giant parent county stretching to the middle of the [Shenandoah] Valley.  By the separation of Orange in 1734 it was reduced to its present size.  But for the twelve years from 1722 to 1734 it contained within its bounds the present Piedmont counties of Orange, Culpeper, Madison, Rappahannock and Greene, as well as the Valley counties of Rockingham, Page and Warren.

-Spotsylvania County Court 3d of June 1735. -John Smith & ROBERT STUBBLEFIELD persons appointed to view & lay of the best & most convenient way from the Ridge Road near John Smith’s Upper Path by and near the sd Smiths & ROBERT STUBBLEFIELDs Plantations to ye County Line near Mr. Henry Goodloe’s, made the following return vizt. In persuance of the within Order, wee the subscribers have met and laid of the road and wee find it to be a very good way both level and dry & the nearest way, May ye 29th, 1735, John Smith, ROBERT STUBBLEFIELD.  Ordered that ye sd Road do goe & be as it is layed of by the said Viewers, And that ROBERT STUBBLEFIELD be Overseer thereof & the following male thithables vizt. Benjamin Mathews two, William Tyre, one, John Talbert, one, Daniel Pruit one, William Dobbs, one, ROBERT STUBBLEFIELD three, Mrs. Baylors Quarter seven; John Smith five, Robert Goodloe two & JOSEPH CARTER one, are ordered to serve under sd STUBBLEFIELD to help him clear & keep in good repair the same.



Elizabeth Stubblefield (572H-L1)  BORN 1736/7 SPOTSYLVANIA CNTY, VA. (She was to marry Abraham Womack, born in Halifax County, VA, which is the County in which her older brother George’s children from 1763 through 1778 were born.  Their child, Josiah Womack was born in 1771 in Caswell Cnty, NC.)


-SPOTSYLVANIA COUNTY COURT 2ND OF AUGUST 1737 -In the action of Trespass upon the Case between ROBERT STUBBLEFIELD PLT. and Richard Fowler Deft., who failing to appear, an order agst. the sd Deft. & Ralph Williams his security is granted.

Spotsylvania County Court 2nd of August, 1737 -On Petition of ROBERT STUBBLEFIELD, he is discharged from serving as Overseer of the Road from Pamunkey Main Road to the County Line near Mr. Goodloe’s,  And Thomas Dillard is ordered & appointed to serve in his room & all the tithables which served under the said STUBBLEFIELD are now ordered to serve under the sd Dillard to help him clear & keep in repair the sd road.

Spotsylvania County Court 7th of February 1737/8 -On the Petition of Henry Haines to have a Constable appointed in the lower Precinct of this County between John Word & Anthony Foster constables, it is ordered that ROBERT STUBBLEFIELD be appointed Constable and that his precincts for viewing the several fields of tobacco & c. be from Mattapony Church Bridge & so along the Road that goes by Pamunkey Chapple to the Fredericksville Iron Works and below the said Road between the Rivers Ta and Northanna to the County Line. And ordered that he be sworn before some Majestrate of this County accordingly.



Son Wyatt Stubblefield (572H-M6) born 1744.  Wyatt Stubblefield appears in the 1786 census for Caswell County, NC.  He marries Ann Challis of Prince Edward County, Virginia.  In 1790 Wyatt Stubblefield and Edward Mills show in the Hillsborough District of Caswell County.


Was son Thomas born, father of , grandfather of Calvin?


From History of Prince Edward County, VA, by H. C. Bradshaw, Dietz Press, 1954. Son(?) Joel Stubblefield paid 870 lbs of tobacco for 29 days of guard (from first county levy, November, 1754).


E-mail from Jim Hamlin: “ROBERT STUBBLEFIELD pops up again in a suit (with George Walton) against John and RICHARD STUBBLEFIELD and Abraham Womack (defendants). By 1758, ROBERT is on Hogan’s Creek in Orange County, NC.”


From History of Prince Edward County, VA, by H. C. Bradshaw, Dietz Press, 1954. Son(?) George Stubblefield appointed constable of Prince Edward County Court.

-From The Heritage of Rockingham County North Carolina 1983,  Hunter Publishing Company, Winston-Salem “WILLIAM BETHELL married Nancy Stewart Stubblefield (1750-1826).  She was the daughter of RICHARD STUBBLEFIELD (c. 1732-1802) and his wife, SUSANNAH CARTER.  The father of Richard was ROBERT STUBBLEFIELD.  He seems to have descended from the Virginia Stubblefield family.  SIMON may have been the first Stubblefield.  He was granted 288 acres in Gloucester County, VA, in 1672.  Next, GEORGE moved to 400 acres in King William County, VA.  Probably, he was the father of ROBERT, born about 1702.  ROBERT moved to Amelia County, VA, then to the present Rockingham County where he settled on Hogan’s Creek about 1756.  He asked for permission to build a grist mill on his farm.  He died about 1775, leaving a widow Anne. . .

Robert’s son, RICHARD STUBBLEFIELD, SR., was born about 1730.  He married SUSANNAH CARTER of Prince Edward County, VA.  Richard lived all his life on the Hogan’s Creek farm left to him by his father. RICHARD AND SUSANNAH had nine children.  Nathan married Elizabeth Todd.  Theodorick married Frances Harris in 1779.  Nancy married William Bethell.  Lucy was born in 1759 and married Robert Harris in 1779.  Elizabeth married another Harris.  Richard C. Stubblefield, Jr., was born in 1763 and married Elizabeth Coleman.  CARTER [STUBBLEFIELD] married a daughter of Capt Peter Terry.  Jeremiah married Mary Rains; and the last child was Robert Stubblefield, named for his grandfather.


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Hugh Challis (?-1798), Prince Edward County, VA; Rockingham County, NC



From History of Prince Edward County, VA, by H. C. Bradshaw, Dietz Press, 1954, p. 39:
“At least two taverns were in operation when Prince Edward County was established, Charles Anderson’s and George Moore’s.  Anderson’s license was renewed successfully until 1763.  George Moore last received an ordinary license in 1757.  HUGH CHALLIS was granted an ordinary license in May, 1754*; there was only one renewal, in 1755**.
. . *Order Book 1:5    **Order Book 1:47

Ibid., pp. 60-63: “When Prince Edward County was established, it was within the bounds
of Nottoway Parish.  There was a disposition to want a separate parish for the new county, and a petition was presented to the County Court in February, 1754, asking that Prince Edward be made a parish. Charles Cupples, representing the petitioners, presented the petition, which was certified to the General Assembly. The petition reached the House of Burgesses on May 3, 1755, and was referred to the Committee on Propositions and Grievances.  In addition to asking that a new parish be created for Prince Edward by a division of Nottoway Parish along the county line, the petition also asked that Nottoway Parish be required to pay to the new parish a proportionate part of the money which had been raised by levy for building two large churches and buildings on the glebe land. The petition was reported by the committee as reasonable on May 6, and the House directed the committee to prepare a bill in line with the request.  [The bill was enacted June 30.]

“The act made Prince Edward County a separate parish, to be called St.Patrick’s, effective September 1, 1755.  An election of twelve vestrymen by the freeholders of the parish was directed to be held before September 1 after having been advertised for twenty days.  The
vestrymen were directed to take in Prince Edward Court the oath appointed to be taken in the first year of George I by ‘an act for the further security of his Majesty’s person and government, and the succession of the crown in the heirs of the late Princess Sophia,
being Protestants, and for extinguishing the hopes of the pretended Prince of Wales, and his open and secret abettors; the oath of abjuration; the test; and the oath to be conformable to the doctrine and discipline of the Church of England.  The vestrymen were
authorized to fill vacancies among them. . . .

“Ten vestrymen of the twelve chosen in the first election took the prescribed oaths at the September, 1755, Court:  John Nash, John Nash, Jr., Geoerge Walker, Thomas Scott, Charles Venable, Peter LeGrand,Thomas Haskins, David Flournoy, JAMES WIMBISH, and Joh LeNeve. They met on the same day, September 9, and appointed HUGH CHALLIS clerk at an annual salary of 500 pounds of tobacco and chose John Nash and JAMES WIMBISH church wardens.  . . .

FROM:  PRINCE EDWARD COUNTY VIRGINIA.  ABSTRACTS FROM DEED BOOK NO. 1  1754-1763. (IRENE LEAKE, DEPUTY CLERK): Deed Book I, page 10 - Shelton, Joseph and wife, Mary of Prince Edward County to CHALLES, HUGH of the same county. 200 acres, lying in Prince Edward County, adjoining Woodson, Anderson. Recorded July 9, 1754.

Deed Book I, page 11.: Brithwaite, Edward and Bridget, his wife, of the Parish of Nottoway
and the County of Prince Edward to: LeNeve, John of the same county. 300 Acres, lying on upper side of Buffalo River in Prince Edward County, adjoining CHALLICE, Brithwaite, Barber. Recorded August 13, 1754.

Parties to bond Principal:  HUGH CHALLICE (CHALLES) of Prince Edward County Obligee: John Nash Jr. Gent Prince Edward County Sheriff Securities: Samuel Wallace and John LeNeve of Prince Edward County; Amount of bond: 1000 pounds
Date of bond: Aug 13, 1754 Acts to be performed:  CHALLICE this day agreed to serve Nash as under sheriff of Prince Edward County for as long as Nash agrees. Mar 10,
1761. is to collect the levies, quitrents, dues, and account for same, and execute all legal processes, and indemnify Nash Recording date: [none given].


1754-1763. (IRENE LEAKE, DEPUTY CLERK) Deed Book I, page 33. February 7, 1755 From:  HUGH CHALLES of Prince Edward County to: John Harrison of the same county. 200 acres, lying in Prince Edward County, on the North side of the North fork of Buffalo River, adjoining. Recorded:  February 11, 1755.

February 7, 1755 From:  HUGH CHALLES of Prince Edward County. to: Edward Brathwett. 100 acres. lying in Prince Edward County on the North side of the
North fork of Buffalo, River, adjoining Caleb Baker, John Le Neve.
Recorded February 11, 1755.

12 August

Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt, Virginia’s Colonial Soldiers, Genealogical
Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD, 1988.

Prince Edward County:  Thomas Scott, MC; Thomas Haskins, MC; Samuel Ewing, MC; HUGH CHALLIS, MC


From History of Prince Edward County, VA, by H. C. Bradshaw, Dietz Press, 1954.

HUGH CHALLES is paid 300 lbs of tobacco (out of County Levy) for cleaning the court house.

Page 387. Bond; Parties to bond; Principal: HUGH CHALLES Obligee: David Flournoy, Prince Edward County Sheriff Securities:  John Nash Jr.
Amount of bond: 500 pounds Date of bond:  Aug 10, 1756. Acts to be performed:  CHALLES this day, by the permission of said Flournoy, has taken the oath of under sheriff under Flournoy, in order to finish his present collection.  CHALLES is to execute any processes and indemnify Flournoy. Recording date:  Aug 10, 1756.

c. 1756

Susanna Challis born in Virginia

T..L. C. GENEALOGY, PO BOX 403369, MIAMI BEACH FL  33140-1369

Page 389. Bond: Parties to bond Principal:  JAMES WIMBISH Obligee:  King George II
Securities: Thomas Scott & HUGH CHALLES Amount of bond: 1000 pounds
Date of bond: Nov 8, 1757 Acts to be performed:  Said WIMBISH was appointed Prince Edward County Sheriff is to truly collect and account for all officers fees and dues, and well and truly executes and return make of all process and precepts to him directed and shall in other matters faithfully perform the office of sheriff. Recording date:  Nov 8, 1757.

c. 1758

Anne Challis born in Prince Edward County, Virginia

Deed Book I Page 137: April 11, 1758 412 acres, lying in Prince Edward County, adjoining Gaulling, Williams, and Challices. From: Anderson, Charles of Prince Edward County to: Buchanan, Archibald and John Bowman & Company, Merchants and Partners of the City of Glasgow in North Britain. Bradshaw, p. 53

“A succession of commissions from the Governor to magistrates provides a list of the justices of the peace of the Prince Edward Court.  In January, 1757, Robert Hastie, James Scott, Peter LeGrand, and John Leigh were recommended to the Governor by the Court to be added to the commission, and they were included in the commission dated August 9, 1757; others in that commission were John Nash, JAMES WIMBISH, Joel Watkins, David Flournoy, John Nash, Jr., Thomas Scott, Samuel Ewing, and Thomas Haskins.*

“A new commission in 1758 was directed to John Nash, JAMES WIMBISH, Joel Watkins, John Nash, Jr., Thomas Scott, Peter LeGrand, John Leigh, Henry Watkins, and John Morton.  The last two, along with HUGH CHALLIS, had been previously recommended.** *Order book 2:80 **Order book 1: 155, 167

Bradshaw, p. 55L “It was the practice in Virginia counties as long as the magistratesand sheriffs were appointed by the Governor (until the Constitution of 1850-51 went into effect) for the justices to serve as sheriff of the county in rotation, the order being determined by their rank in the commission of the peace.  Usually the sheriff served two years.  The Court would recommend three persons, the magistrate whose turn it was to serve being named first and the next two in the rotation under the others.  The Governor would appoint and commission the magistrate who was listed first among the three.

“John Nash, Jr. was the first sheriff of Prince Edward.  David Fluornoy was the successor, taking the oath of office at the August 1756 Court, although it seems that his term did not begin until the first of the following year.  Flournoy werved during 1757 and had as
“undersheriffs” his brother, Thomas Flurnoy and Richard Burks.  JAMES WIMBISH was sheriff during 1758 and 1759; HUGH CHALLIS and Samuel Wimbish were his deputies.*
*Order book 2:26,30,65,82.



Deed Book I, page 142: CHALLIES, HUGH of Prince Edward County and MARTHA, his wife to: Waldon, Richard of the same county. 87 acres, lying in Prince Edward County, adjoining Caleb Bakers, Captain John LeNeve, Edward Brafford. Recorded May 8, 1759

From History of Prince Edward County, VA, by H. C. Bradshaw, Dietz Press, 1954. Quotation from the Richmond Enquirer, February 15, 1759.  HUGH CHALLIS is directed by the Court to attend to letting bridge contracts.

VA Genealogist V31, p172.  Processioners return persuant to order of vestry 12 Sepo 1759.  Land between HUGH CHALLIS, Charles Hudson & William Hudson.  HUGH CHALLIS present when William Hudson & Charles Hudson processioned lands.

‑ very likely Sarah’s father


c. 1760

SARAH CHALLIS born in Prince Edward County, Virginia


T..L. C. GENEALOGY, PO BOX 403369, MIAMI BEACH FL  33140-1369

Page 45, Will: I, JAMES WIMBISH of Prince Edward County in St. Patrick’s Parish
To my wife – 4 slaves, Moll, Will, Tom. Lucy and if needed my Negro woman named Phillis, and one fourth of my personal estate, during her natural life. To my daughter MARTHA, the wife of HUGH CHALLES – my 2 Negro girls named Hannah & Chloe, who were born of my Mulattto woman Phillis, now in the service of my daughter MARTHA, but to return to my estate after my death. To my daughter Anne, the wife of William Baldwin, my Mulatto woman named Agness. To my daughter Sarah, the wife of the Reverand Mr. James Garden – my Mulatto woman named Sue, and 1 bed and furniture, which they have already in possession. To my son, James Wimbish – my Negro man named Mingo, and my Negro boy named Harry, with what they have already in possession. To my daughter Mary, the wife of James Thacston – 65 pounds to be paid
12 months after my death.To my 3 youngest sons, Samuel, John, and Benjamin Wimbish – all my land and slaves not already disposed of, as well as those allotted for the use of my wife, after her death to be equally divided among them, together with the reversion and remainder of my estate. Executors: my 3 youngest sons, Samuel, John, and Benjamin Wimbish. Signed Feb 1, 1761 – JAMES WIMBISH Wit – George Davies, Nathel
Barksdale, Archibald McElroy At  a Court of Feb 10, 1761, the will of JAMES WIMBISH deceased was presented in court by the executors, proven by the witnesses, and OR.

Page 46. Feb 19, 1761. Inventory and appraisement of the estate of JAMES WIMBISH deceased, pursuant to court order dated Feb, 1761. Items mentioned include: 3 beds and furniture, 1 looking glass, 8 rush chairs, 5 leather chairs, 1 large looking glass, books, 1 pine table, 1 couch, 5 China cups, 6 saucers, 4 wine glasses, 3 Delf bowls, 9 flowered delft plates, 1 small gilt trunk, 1 walnut stand, 1 old sword, 1 old leather trunk, carpenters and joiner’s tools, 24 cattle; Mulatto slaves named Will, Bob, Cyrus, Toby, Moll, Phillis, Tony, 1 Negro fellow named Tom; 1 Negro girl Lucy. Total value 688 pounds 15 shillings 2 pence.  Signed Saml Wimbish, John Wimbish, Ben Wimbish, exors.  Signed – Wm Booker Nathaniel Barksdale, John Biggs, Thos Flournoy. Recorded Mar 10, 1761.

c. 1762

MARTHA CHALLIS born in Prince Edward County, Virginia


Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt, Virginia’s Colonial Soldiers, Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD, 1988.

23 August, 1763 Shows in Bedford County:  Willaim Callaway, Co. Lt.; Jeremiah Early, Capt;, John Quarles, Capt., HUGH CHALLIS, Capt., Joseph Renfro, Capt.; Adam Beard,, Capt., Nicholas Welsh, Ens; Henry Smith, LT

c. 1764

Fanny Challis born in Prince Edward County, Virginia

c. 1766

John Challis born in Prince Edward County, Virginia

c. 1768

Elizabeth Challis born in Prince Edward County, Virginia


Brother-in-Law? Benjamin Wimbish Will dated July 20, 1773 in Prince Edward County.  Wife Elizabeth.  Children James, Sary, Ann and Mary, Exor Brother Jmes Wimbish and Matthew Watson and wife Elizabeth. Recorded Sept. 19, 1774.


From Lindley S. Butler, Rockingham County:  A Brief History, ChapterII “The Colonial and Revolutionary Period”, p. 10 and p. 15:

“The influx of new settlers created a need for county government. Rockingham County was formed in 1785 from the northern portion of Guilford County, which had been created in 1770 from portions of Orange and Rowan counties.  North Carolina’s colonial counties were governed by appointed justices of the peace, who made up the quarterly
county court, and by a sheriff, who was aided by deputies and constables. . . “During the postwar years several men in northern Guilford County provided local leadership.  James Gallaway and John Leak represented the county in the state House of Commons in 1783, and the following year Gallway was elected to the state Senate.  James Hunter and HUGH CHALLIS were county justices in 1782, and Hunter was sheriff in 1784-1785 and county treasurer from 1783 to 1785. . .


From Lindley S. Butler, Rockingham County:  A Brief History, Chapter
III “A New County”, pp. 17-18: “The population of the North Carolina backcountry increased substantially after the close of the Revolutionary War, resulting in the creation of several new counties during the 1780s.  On December 29, 1785, the General Assembly enacted legislation that created Rockingham County from approximately the northern half of Guilford County . . .

“The first session of the new county’s quarterly court was convened in February, 1786, at the plantation of Adam Tate near Eagle Falls on the south side of the Dan River.  The justices of the peace of this first court, most of whom were veterans of the Revolutionary War, were James Hunter, Samuel Henderson, George Peay, HUGH CHALLIS, Thomas Henderson, Adam Tate, James Gallaway, John Leak, Joshua Smith, Peter O’Neal,
Abraham Philips, William Bethell, John May, and John Hunter.  County justices were charged with the responsibility of hearing civil suits and minor criminal cases, providing for public buildings, probating decedent’s estates, ruling on individual cases of lunacy, caring for orphans and illegitimate children, and maintaining public roads and bridges.  Justices were appointed, generally from among the landed, slave-owning gentry.  All the members of Rockingham County’s first court were slaveholders:  the average justice owned nine slaves.


Headley, Robert K., Jr., Genealogical Abstracts from 18th Century Virginia Newspapers,  p. 60.

2 March

Jan Court 1799 in chanc., Elijah King (plntf) against John Challis, executor of HUGH CHALLIS, deceased who was executor of John King dec’d (Def.); it appears the defendant is not an inhabitant of this State (Lynchburg Weekley Gazette).


MARTHA CHALLIS and John Challis appear in 1800 census: John Challis (Rockingham Cnty, NC 450) 22010-20011-09 Lives with woman born before 1755, man and woman born between 1755 and 1774, four young children.  [His mother MARTHA CHALLIS shows above on List 477.]

MARTHA CHALLIS (Rockingham Cnty, NC 477)  01000-00001-09 Includes male born between 1784 and 1790.


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Gyles Carter of Badgeworth (? – c.1627)

(?-c. 1627)

GYLES CARTER, son of JOHN CARTER, rector of Alderton Parish Church and ?, born in Badgeworth.

GYLES CARTER married ELIZABETH.  They had the following children:  JOHN CARTER, Cecill Carter, Gyles Carter, Robert Carter and Elizabeth Carter. Source:  Jim Gallman


JOHN CARTER, father of GYLES CARTER, died at age 68.


JOHN CARTER born in Lower Swell, Gloucestershire, which is directly to the West of Stow-on-the-Wold, between Cheltenham and Chipping Norton.  JOHN CARTER is the son of GYLES CARTER and ELIZABETH. Source:  Jim Gallman


JOHN CARTER married MARY LAWRENCE, daughter of ROBERT LAWRENCE of SHIPTON SOLLARS and ELEANOR STRATFORD OF FARMECOTTE.  They had the following children, GYLES CARTER, John Carter, William Carter, Anne Carter, Eleanor Carter, Mary Carter.


GILES CARTER born, son of JOHN CARTER (son of GYLES OF BADGWORTH CARTER) and MARY LAURENCE (daughter of ROBERT OF SHIPTON LAURENCE).  GILES (also seen as GYLES) was born in Lower Swell, Gloucestershire, which is directly to the West of Stow-on-the-Wold, between Cheltenham and Chipping Norton.


[GILES CARTER] had been outlawed for murder in 1616 [FN74]. [FN74] E 178/3857 The Victoria History of the Counties of England: A History of the County of Gloucester, vol. Vi, Oxford University Press, London, 1965., p.167.


September 18 Smyth of Nibley papers, Smyth 3 (80), p. 137.  Document in New York Public Library (List of records No. 210)..Reference from Jim Gallman.  WHB has converted to modern English spelling.

“To the Treasurer Counsel and Company of Adventurers and Planters of the City of London for the first Colony in Virginia.  This is to certify that in the good ship called the Supply this present 18th day of September, 1620, were shipped from our Port of Bristol for plantation in Virginia at the charges of Richard Berkeley, George Thorpe, William Tracy and John Smith, esqs. under the conduct of the said William Tracy appointed Captain and Governor over them these 56 persons whose names ensue, who forthwith proceeded in their voyage accordingly:  [WHB only 40 names were included in the excerpt.]

[alphabetized by WHB]  Robert Baker; Thomas Baugh;  John Bayly; Nicholas Came, gent.;  GYLES CARTER; Richard Fereby, gent.; William Finch and Elizabeth, his wife and Francis, their son; John Gibbes; Isabell Gifford; Joane Greene; Francis Grevill; George Hale; Gabriel Holland; Richard Holland; John Holmeden, gent.; Richard Hopkins; John Howlett [Bowlet] the elder and John, his son; George Keene, gent.; Arthur Kemis, gent.; Thomas Kemis, gent.; John Linsey; Robert Longe, gent.; Arnold Oldisworth, esq.; John Page and Frances his wife; Robert Pawlet, divine; William Peird the elder; Richard Peirs; William Piffe; Thomas Shepy, gent.; William Tracy, esq., Mary Tracy, his wife, Thomas Tracy, their son and Joyce Tracy, their daughter; Elizabeth Webbe; Giles Wilkins.


January 29 Smith of Nibley papers, Smyth 34 Document in New York Public Library.  Authograph signed of George Yeardley and Jo. Pory, Secy., seal and stamp (double rose).  List of records, 228.

“These are to certify the right Honorable, Right Worshipful, and others of the Counsel and Company for this first Southern Colony of Virginia, that there arrived at Berkeley in the same country, for the account of that society, and the Plantation to the said hundred, upon the 29th of January, 1620, these fifty persons underwritten.  Vist.  [alphabetized by WHB]

Robert Baker; Thomas Baugh;  John Bayly; Giles Broadway; Nicholas Camme, gent.;  GYLES CARTER; Joane Coopy; Antony Coopy; Elizabeth Coopy; Richard Dutton; Richard Fereby, gent.; William Finch and Elizabeth, his wife and Francis, their son*; John Gibbes; Isabell Gifford; Joane Greene; Francis Grevill; George Hale [or Hall]; Alice Heskins; Gabriel Holland; Richard Holland; John Holmeden, gent.; Richard Hopkins;  John Howlett, the elder and John Howlett, his son and William Howlett, also his son; James Jelfe; George Keene, gent.; Arthur Kemis, gent.; Thomas Kemis, gent.; John Linsey (Roger Linzey?); Robert Longe, gent.; Richard Milton; Arnold Oldisworth, esq.; John Page and Frances his wife; Robert Pawlet, divine; William Peird the elder; Richard Peirs; William Piffe; Walter Prosser; Richard Rolles, Jane his wife and Benedict Rolles, their son; Thomas Shepy, gent.; William Tracy, esq., Mary Tracy, his wife, Thomas Tracy, their son and Joyce Tracy, their daughter; Philip Vrange; Elizabeth Webbe; Giles Wilkins.


The Visitation of Gloucestershire 1623 shows the marriage of GILES CARTER and ELIZABETH TRACY, daughter of PAUL TRACY.

William G. H. Carter, GILES CARTER of Virginia, p. 103.

GILES CARTER and ELIZABETH TRACY had the following children:  John Carter, Thomas Carter (1648- ?), Mary, GILES CARTER (c. 1634 – <1702), Elizabeth, Anne and William. (E-mail from Jim Gallman) [WHB - This is a contested fact.]


JOHN [CARTER] died at Lower Swell in 1627, and was succeeded as lord of the manor by his son and heir GILES [FN73], who had been outlawed for murder in 1616 [FN74]. [FN73] Inq. P.m. Glos. 1625-42, i. 91-95. [FN74] E. 178/3857 The Victoria History of the Counties of England: A History of the County of Gloucester, vol. Vi, Oxford University Press, London, 1965., p.167.

Gloucestershire county records show that GILES CARTER ESQ. was the head of the family after the death of his father in 1627. William G. H. Carter, GILES CARTER of Virginia, p. 103.

GILES CARTER ESQ. was sequestered in the Great Rebellion and compounded for 968 pounds 17 shillings.  The parish church is in the deanery of Stow and there is a handsome monument there to GILES CARTER, ESQ. From Iberian Home Page.  Leona Ferrell Madsen, My Carter Ancestry.

See Sir Robert Atkyns, Ancient and Present State of Gloucestershire, London, 1712, pp. 227-228.


GILES [CARTER] appears to have mortgaged the manor [of Lower Swell in Gloucestershire] to Sir William Courteen of London [FN75], into whose effective ownership the estate had passed by 1659, when, after Courteen’s death, it was sold to Sir Robert Atkyns [FN76], later Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer and Speaker of the House of Lords. [FN75] Cal. S. P. Dom. 1637-8, 351; Glos. Colln., deed of 1640; Cal. Cttee. For Compounding, 1308. [FN76] Atkyns, Glos., 722.


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