Speculations of the Origins of the Virginia Suddarth Families

[WHB: Some family historians have suggested relationships resulting from marriages between the families of Suddarth, Ellgey (or Ellzey), and Travis  (Travers or Traverse) without providing documentation or even a convincing hypothetical explanation of how they may be related. The existing records of Stafford County, Virginia are scanty and fragmentary, and the idea that at least the Suddarths were descended from French Huguenots that settled in North England or Scotland after the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes is, I  believe, inadequately defended. That said, I think there may be some substance in the speculations. I believe that it might be useful to list some genealogical studies and some selected known documents that might be relevant chronologically. The following attempts to do so.]

 1658

From William Suddarth of Stafford County & Albemarle County, Virginia, printed by Richard D. Hirtzel, 1999:

 “In 1648, a James Sudward, with various spellings of his surname, migrated with his wife Mary and daughter Elizabeth to the colony of Maryland. James was not indentured and he transported his wife. Probably they were from England. A few years later, James was in Virginia and summoned back to Maryland for a court action. His location in Virginia was not provided, and there is no basis for knowing that he was in Stafford County. The population of the colonies was sparse at that time, and James had some legal reasons to be located other than in Maryland. No further records of the family have been found after the 1760s in Maryland. So the possibility exists that he may have settled in Virginia. He would have been of an age to be the father of the first Lawrence Suddarth in Stafford County, Virginia. For this reason, the records available on his activities in Maryland are included in this booklet.”

1691

” . . .  The first Suddarth of record [in Stafford County, VA] was Lawrence Suddarth, who served on a jury in 1691 and is found on other records over the next two decades. In later generations, there were several other men with the name of Lawrence Suddarth. This suggests the possibility that the senior Lawrence Suddarth was the patriaarch of the Suddarth family in Stafford County, and that later persons with the same name were his descendents. The early American records provide enough information to suggest relationships with other persons, but frequently not enough to actually document the speculation that naturally arises from the ages and locations of these early settlers.”

1723

Stafford County Quit Rent roll

Thomas Ellzey 518

John Elszey 150 [folio 4]

William Purlow 150 Part of Henry Filkin’s land, Refuseth … S [mutilated - several lines lost]

Rawleigh Travers 3525 Paid 362 lbs tobacco – in part Due 484 lbs Tobacco

1724

Tenders of Tobacco for Overwharton Parish

Virginia State Library, Archive Colonial Papers, folder 52, no 34 (list 1)

Several “Purlers”

At Mr John Fitzhugh’s Quarters: William Travis + James, ___, Alice Parker, 4 Negroes (7  20,270)

A list of the tithables allowed to end tobacco and quantity of plants in the preceincts between Aquia and Quantico [Creeks] viz.]

1724

A list of Tobacco Tenders from the South Side of Potomack [Creek] to y3 Lower End of Overwharton Parish

John Travis (21,102), Nathaniel Morgan, Owen Sullivant, Thomas Handeman, 6 Negroes

Lewis Elzey’s Quarter (19,469) John Smith, Joseph Waugh, 4 Negroes, 1 Negro boy

South Side of Potomack

Henry Suddarth (154 plants)

John Elzey (50 plants)

1728

Land Patents an d Grants of  Hanover County, Virginia (1721-1800), compiled by Charles P. Blunt IV.

Hanover County Deeds, Book 13, page 467,

“Christopher Clark of Hanover County, Gentleman (28 September 1728) 1, 326 acres . . . on both sides of North East Creek . . . by Sudeth’s path . .  branch of dirty Swamp”

1742

Quit Rent Roll, p. 1

Elzey, Thomas

Elzey, Lewis

Mills, Willliam 100 acres 0 lb 2 s 0 d.

Source: Virginia State Library Archives Division, Miscellaneous Reel 444b [Stafford County Quitrent Roll 1729; Original in Huntington Library (Brock Collection BR 297(2) San Marino, California

Quit Rent Rolls, p. 2

Scott, Rev Mr James 9,354 acres 9LB 7s d.

Suddart, Robert 150 acres 0 LB 3s 0d.

Suddart, Henry

Traverse, Rawleigh 3300 3 LB 6s 0d.

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18th Century Accounts of Overwharton Parish, Stafford County, VA

Note: Many researchers of the Suddarth line have been stopped by the paucity of data and the seeming contradictions in what is available when they get to James Suddarth of Stafford County, who is known to have been part of that county’s Overwharton Parish. Some researchers are intrigued with the idea that Suddarth may have been from Scotland, and may have descended from French Huguenots.

My instinct is to pull together what is known about the parish, its church and its minister at the time the James Suddarth lived in Stafford County. The following information about what is surely Suddarth’s church and minister from a late 19th century publication:

Old Churches, Ministers, and Families of Virginia In Two Volumes By Bishop Meade; Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Company, 1894.

From volume II, pp. 197-206

ARTICLE LXIV.

Overwharton Parish, Stafford County.

I come now to Overwharton parish in Stafford county. The county and parish take their names from the corresponding ones in England. Stafford county once extended up to the Blue Ridge Mountain. In the year 1730, Prince William county was formed from the “heads of King George and Stafford.” Overwharton parish was also coextensive with Stafford before Prince William was divided and Hamilton parish taken off. In the same year,–1730,–Overwharton parish was divided and Hamilton parish taken off.

Overwharton covered the narrow county of Stafford, and Hamilton the large county of Prince William before Fauquier, Fairfax, and Loudoun were taken away. Stafford, in its original dimensions, first appears as a county in 1666.

When it was erected into a parish is not known,–but most probably about the same time. Its division in 1730 is the first mention of it. The Rev. Robert Rose in his accountbook mentions the Rev. Alexander Scott as a minister in it in 1727; and it is well known that he was the minister of this parish for many years.* He came from Scotland,–being obliged to leave, it is supposed, after some unsuccessful rebellion. He never married.

Having acquired some considerable property, he invited his younger brother, the Rev. James Scott, to come over and inherit it. He had one estate in Stafford called Dipple, at which he lived. His brother came over, and after some time the minister of the adjoining parish of Dettingen in Prince William, which was separated from Hamilton when Fauquier was taken from Prince William, and which he ministered for thirty-seven years.

Mr. Alexander Scott had as his assistant or curate, for a short time before his death, the Rev. Mr. Moncure, a Scotchman, but descendant of a Huguenot refugee who fled from France at the revocation of the Edict of Nantes. Mr. Moncure was the successor of Mr. Scott. In what year he entered his duties I have been unable to ascertain, but his name is still to be seen painted on one of the panels of the gallery in Old Aquia Church, together with those of the vestry in 1757.

The first church was burned in the year 1751. I here give the names of the minister and vestry as painted on the gallery in the year 1757, when it is supposed the second church was finished. John Moncure, minister. Peter Houseman, John Mercer, John Lee, Mott Donithan, Henry Tyler, William Mountjoy, Benjamin Strother, Thomas Fitzhugh, Peter Daniel, Traverse Cooke, John Fitzhugh, John Peyton, vestrymen.

It is gratifying to know that descendants of the above are, with probably but few exceptions, in some part of our state or land still attached to the Episcopal Church. Their names are a guarantee for their fidelity to the Church of their fathers. Of the minister, the Rev. J. Moncure, the following extract from a letter of one of his daughters, who married General–afterward Governor–Wood, of Virginia, will give a more interesting account than any which could possibly be collected from all other sources. It was written in the year 1820, to a female relative, the grand-daughter of the Rev. James Scott, who married a sister of Rev. Mr. Moncure’s wife, and daughter of Dr. Gustavus Brown, of Port Tobacco, Maryland:—

“I was only ten years old when I lost my dear father. He was a Scotch-man descended from a French ancestor, who fled among the first Protestants who left France in consequence of the persecution that took place soon after the Reformation. He had an excellent education, and had made considerable progress in the study of medicine, when an invitation to see an establishment in Virginia induced him to cross the Atlantic, and his first engagement was in Northumberland county, where he lived for two years in a gentleman’s family as a private tutor.

During that time, although teaching others, he was closely engaged in the study of divinity, and at the commencement of the third year from his first arrival, returned to Great Britain and was ordained a minister of the then Established Church; came back to Virginia and engaged as curate to your great-uncle, Alexander Scott, who at that time was minister of Overwharton parish in Stafford county, and resided at his seat of Dipple. Your uncle died a short time after, and my dear father succeeded him in his parish and resided at the glebe-house. Your grandfather, the Rev. James Scott, who inherited Dipple, continued there until he settled at Westwood, in Prince William. He was my father’s dearest, kindest friend, and one of the best of men.

Their intimacy brought my father and mother acquainted, who was sister to your grandmother Scott. Old Dr. Gustavus Brown, of Maryland, my maternal grandfather, objected to the marriage of my father and mother. Although he thought highly of my father, he did not think him an eligible match for his daughter. He was poor, and very delicate in his health. Dr. Brown did not, however, forbid their union, and it accordingly took place. The old gentleman received them as visitors and visited them again, but would not pay down my mother’s intended dowry until they saw how they could get along, and ‘to let them see that they could not live on love without other sauce.’**

I have often heard my dear mother relate the circumstances of their first housekeeping with tears of tender and delightful recollection. They went home from your grandpapa’s, where they were married, with a slenderly-supplied purse to an empty house,–except a few absolute necessaries from their kind friends. When thus arrived, they found some of my good father’s parishioners there: one had brought some wood, another some fowls, a third some meal, and so on. One good neighbour would insist on washing for them, another would milk, and another would tend the garden; and they all delighted to serve their good minister and his wife.

Notwithstanding these aids, my mother found much to initiate her into the habits of an industrious housewife, and my father into those of an active, practical farmer and gardener, which they never gave up. When the business of preparing their meal was over, a small writing-stand was their table, the stair-steps furnished one a seat, and a trunk the other. Often, when provisions were scarce, my father took his gun or his fishing-rod and with his dog sallied forth to provide their dinner, which, when he returned, his happy wife dressed; and often would she accompany him a-fishing or fowling, for she said that they were too poor to have full employment in domestic business.

Though destitute of every luxury, they had a small, well-chosen library which my father had collected while a student and tutor. This was their evening’s regale. While my mother worked with her needle he read to her. This mode of enjoyment pleasantly brought round the close of the first year. When the minister’s salary was paid, they were now comparatively rich. My dearest father exchanged his shabby black coat for a new one, and the next year was affluent. By this time, the neighbouring gentry found out the value of their minister and his wife, and contended for their society by soliciting visits and making them presents of many comforts.

Frequently these grandees would come in their splendid equipages to spend a day at the glebe, and bring every thing requisite to prevent trouble or expense to its owners,–merely for the enjoyment of the society of the humble inhabitants of this humble dwelling. In the lapse of a few years, by frugality and industry in the management of a good salary, these dear parents became quite easy in their circumstances. My father purchased a large tract of land on the river Potomac. He settled this principally by tenants; but on the most beautiful eminence that ever I beheld, he built a good house, and soon improved it into a very sweet establishment. Here I was born: my brother and two sisters, considerably my seniors, were born at the glebe.

My brother, who was intended for the Church, had a private tutor in the house. This man attended also my two sisters, who previously to his residence in the family were under the care of an Englishman, who lived in the house, but also kept a public school under my father’s direction. about a mile from his house. Unhappily for me, I was the youngest, and very sickly. My father and mother would not allow me to be compelled to attend to my books or my needle, and to both I had a decided aversion, unless voluntarily resorted to as an amusement. In this I was indulged.

I would sometimes read a lesson to my sister or the housekeeper, or, if their authority were resisted, I was called to my mother’s side. All this amounted to my being an ignorant child at my father’s death, which was a death-stroke to my dearest mother. The incurable grief into which it plunged her could scarcely be a matter of surprise, when the uncommonly tender affection that united them was considered. They were rather more than middle-aged when I was first old enough to remember them; yet I well recollect their inseparable and undeviating devotion. They were rarely seen assunder.

My mother was an active walker and a good rider. Whenever she could do so, she accompanied him in his pastoral visits,–a faithful white servant attending in her absence from home. They walked hand in hand, and often rode hand in hand,–were both uncommonly fond of the cultivation of flowers, fruits, and rare plants. They watched the opening buds together,–together admired the beauty of the full-blown blossoms, and gathering the ripened fruit or seed. While he wrote or read, she worked near his table,–which always occupied the pleasantest place in their chamber, where he chose to study, often laying down his pen to read and comment on an impressive passage.

Frequently, when our evening repast was over (if the family were together,) some book, amusing and instructive, was read aloud by my dear father, and those of the children or their young associates who could not be silent were sent to bed after evening worship,–which always took place immediately after supper. Under the void which this sad separation occasioned, my poor mother’s spirits sunk and never rallied. The first six to eight months were spent in a dark, secluded chamber, distant from that formerly occupied.


The management of the family devolved on my brother and second sister. My eldest married two or three years previous to this period. I was left pretty much to my own management. The education of my brother and sister was so far finished that they not only held what they had acquired, but continued to improve; but alas, poor me! I as usual refused every thing like study, but became, unfortunately, immoderately fond of books. The key of the library was now within my power, and the few romances it contained were devoured.

Poetry and a botanical work with plates came next. This gave me a useless, superficial knowledge of what might have been useful, but what in this indigested way was far otherwise. The Tattler, Guardian, and Spectator were the only works I read which contained beneficial instruction; and of these I only read the amusing papers; and, taking the beautiful and sublime allegories which abound with moral instruction in a literal sense, I read them as amusing tales. This kind of reading made up a pernicious mass of chaotic matter that darkened while it seemed to enlighten my mind, and I soon became romantic and exceedingly ridiculous,–turned branches of trees together and called them a bower, and fancied I could write poetry, and many other silly things.My dear mother suffered greatly toward the close of her life with a cancer: for this she visited the medicinal springs, and I was chosen to attend her. It was a crowded and gay scene for me, who had lived almost entirely in seclusion.

I did not mix in its gayest circle; yet it was of service to me, as it gave me the first view of real life that ever I had. My beloved parent was not desirous of confining me; but I rejoice at the excellent recollection that I could very seldom be prevailed upon to leave her. There I first became the favourite and devoted friend of your most excellent mother. Forgive the vanity of this boast, my dear cousin, but I cannot help observing that she afterward told me that it was the manner in which I discharged this duty that won her esteem and love. At this place I first met General Wood, who visited me soon after my return home, and became my husband four years after.”

The time of Mr. Moncure’s death is seen from that true patriot and statesman, Mr. George Mason, of Gunston, Fairfax county, Virginia. As he signs himself the kinsman of Mrs. Moncure, the relationship must have come from the connection between the Browns, of Maryland, and Masons. Dr. Brown came to this country from Scotland in 1708, and married in Maryland.

“Gunston, 12th March, 1764. 
“DEAR MADAM:–I have your letter by Peter yesterday, and the day before I had one from Mr. Scott, who sent up Gustin Brown on purpose with it. I entirely agree with Mr. Scott in preferring a funeral sermon at Aquia Church, without any invitation to the house. Mr. Moncure’s character and general acquaintance will draw together much company, besides a great part of his parishioners, and I am sure you are not in a condition to bear such a scene; and it would be very inconvenient for a number of people to come so far from church in the afternoon after the sermon.

As Mr. Moncure did not desire to be buried in any particular place, and as it is usual to buy clergymen in their own churches, I think the corpse being deposited in the church where he had so long preached is both decent and proper, and it is probable, could he have chosen it himself, he would have preferred it.

Mr. Scott writes to me that it is intended Mr. Green shall preach the funeral sermon on the 20th of this month, if fair; if not, the next fair day; and I shall write to Mr. Green to-morrow to that purpose, and inform him that you expect Mrs. Green and him at your house on the day before; and, if God grants me strength sufficient either to ride on horseback or in a chair, I will certainly attend to pay the last duty to the memory of my friend; but I am really so weak at present that I can’t walk without crutches and very little with them, and have never been out of the house but once or twice, and then, though I stayed but two or three minutes at a time, it gave me such a cold as greatly to increase my disorder. Mr. Green has lately been very sick, and was not able to attend his church yesterday, (which I did not know when I wrote to Mr. Scott:) If he should not recover soon, so as to be able to come down, I will inform you or Mr. Scott in time, that some other clergyman may be applied to.

I am very glad to hear that Mr. Scott purposes to apply for Overwharton parish. It will be a great comfort to you and your sister to be so near one another, and I know the goodness of Mr. Scott’s heart so well, that I am sure he will take pleasure in doing you every good office in his power, and I had much rather he should succeed Mr. Moncure than any other person. I hope you will not impute my not visiting to any coldness or disrespect. It gives me great concern that I am not able to see you. You may depend upon my coming down as soon as my disorder will permit, and I hope you know me too well to need any assurance that I shall gladly embrace all opportunities of testifying my regard to my deceased friend by doing every good office in my power to his family.

I am, with my wife’s kindest respects and my own, dear madam, your most affectionate kinsman, GEORGE MASON”


 


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William Suddarth (c.1700?-1761) Stafford, Albemarle, Amherst Counties, VA

c. 1700

WILLIAM SUDDARTH, son of JAMES SUDDARTH and ELIZABETH TRAVIS ELLGEY born in Overwharton Parish, Stafford County, VA

c. 1720

WILLIAM SUDDARTH married PARTLOW MILLS

Son JAMES SUDDARTH born in Overwharton Parish, Stafford County, VA

Son Lawrence Suddarth born afterwards

1730

Daughter Mary (Mollie) Suddarth born.

From William Suddarth of Stafford County & Albemarle County, Virginia, printed by Richard D. Hirtzel, 1999:

“WILLIAM SUDDARTH and James Southard are found in the account books of the Partridge Store in the mid-1730s. This store was a sort of general store which extended crecit to its customers. It was located in Hanover County, Virginia – probably just east of the present Louisa/Hanover County line. Also found in these account books are John Denny and Benjamin Denny. In one instance, WILLIAM SUDDARTH paid the bill of Benjamin Denny, indicating an acquaintance between the two men. There was a Suddeths Pathway which has been identified as being near Dirty Swamp, which flows north from the South Anna River and near the Louisa/Hanover County line. This may have been named for, or was the residence of WILLIAM SUDDARD and relatives.”

1735

Son William Suddarth born.

Goochland County Titheables Book shows a WILLIAM SOUTHARD (Note: SUDDARTH?).

November 25, 1735

Goochland Orders, 1735-1737. The Levy for the County. Disbursement [in pounds of tobacco]: WILLIAM SUDDITH for 1 wolf’s head certified by Wm Mayo – 200.

 

1736

From William Suddarth of Stafford County & Albemarle County, Virginia, printed by Richard D. Hirtzel, 1999:

Partridge Store Records (Hanover County, VA), extracted from “Accounts from the Store of Thomas Partridge & Co. Hanover Co. Virginia 1734-1756″ by Richard Slaten and James Bagby, Magazine of Virginia Genealogy, vol 25, no. 1, February, 1987:

Benjamin Denny opened an acccount at the general store of Thomas Partridge & Co in Hanover Co, VA. Also shopping at the same store were John Denny, William Mullins and WILLIAM SUTHARD.

1738

From William Suddarth of Stafford County & Albemarle County, Virginia, printed by Richard D. Hirtzel, 1999:

Partridge Store Records (Hanover County, VA), extracted from “Accounts from the Store of Thomas Partridge & Co. Hanover Co. Virginia 1734-1756″ by Richard Slaten and James Bagby, Magazine of Virginia Genealogy, vol 25, no. 1, February, 1987:

“p. 10 Mr Abraham Venable 1738 Apr.7 (1 History Book) Jun 1.8 (i hat No. 7) . . . Aug 9, 24([items] dd WM SUTHARD . . .

p. ___ WM SUTHARD paid for purchases made to account of Benjamin Denny.

1743

Goochland County Deed, 1741-1745, p. 158.

“From Abraham Venable of Louisa County, to WILLIAM SUDDEF of G[oochland], of planter, for 30 E, all that dividend of land being in the South Garden [Cr?] among the little Mountains on the south branch of Hardwar River in G[oochland], about 300 acres, which said 300 acres of land is part of 1500 acres granted to the said Abraham Venable by patent dated Jul 19, 1735 and bounded by [tree]s.”   Signed Abraham Venable. Wit – Sam Nuclis, Andrew Hunter, Robert Priddy, Record May 17, 1743.

[Note - this area became Albemarle County (Parish of St Ann's) in 1744.]

From William Suddarth of Stafford County & Albemarle County, Virginia, printed by Richard D. Hirtzel, 1999:

“WILLIAM SUDDARTH bought land in 1743 from Abraham Venable in Albemarle County in South Garden on the South Fork of the Hardware River. An east branch of the Byrd Creek in Goochland County was named Venable Creek, not far from Suddeths Pathway and the Partridge Store. John Denny lived on Byrd Creek, and a Benjamin Denny at one time owned land on Phipps Creek which was a fork of the Byrd Creek, upstream and on a left branch. One could reasonably conclude that WILLIAM SUDDETH became acquainted with Abraham Venable in this locale which led to the 1743 land transaction located in present Albemarle County.

“There was also a James Southard who traded with the Partridge Store and who owned land in Albemarle County. This possibly was a brother of WILLIAM SUDDARTH. It points to the fact that either the spelling of Suddarth and Southard were used interchangeably, or that separate Suddarth and Southard families co-existed in the same locale.”

1744

The area of Goochland County containing property owned by father WILLIAM SUDDARTH becomes Albemarle County.

1746

9 December, 1746

Son JAMES SUDDARTH married PATIENCE SUMPTER, daughter of WILLIAM SUMPTER and ELIZABETH DULCE.

1748

From William Suddarth of Stafford County & Albemarle County, Virginia, printed by Richard D. Hirtzel, 1999:

[Note - See relevant excerpt from this booklet on this page under the year 1762.]

“Samuel Denny is found in Hat Creek in 1748, in present Nelson County in a book Tuckahoes and Cohees, with a record of his residing there. Also listed following his name are John, Benjamin and William, possibly his children, or pehraps other close relatives. In 1750, a minister named Robert Rose christened his twin children . . .

“A record of Samuel’s purchase of property in 1754 still places him on Hat Creek. Because of the fact that WILLIAM SUDDATH’s daughter Sarah married a Denny, and according to Joel Denny, Samuel Denny married a Southard, researchers have long pursued the question of whether Sarah Denny was married to Samuel. The Denny’s were located in Goochland County and WILLIAM SUDDARTH nearby trading at the Partridge Store and possibly living on Suddeth’s Pathway during the 1730′s. This would have provided an opportunity for Samuel, or other Denny men, to get acquainted with Sarah, leading to marriage. There also were land transactions between the Suddath’s and Dennhy’s, notably between Bejamin Denny and a younger Lawrence Suddath in Albemarle County. So the two families obviously were well acquainted with each other.”

1750

After his children were grown and married, WILLIAM SUDDARTH sold 200
acres on Red Bar Hollow in Albemarle County to JAMES SUDDARTH, a carpenter on 8 May, 1750. He reserved 100 acres fo the 300-acre tract for his son Lawrence.

pp. 184-185 “This indenture made the Eighth day of May in the twenty third year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord George the second and c . and in the year of our Lord Christ One thousand seven hundred & fifty between WILLIAM SUDDARTH of Albemarle County Collony & Dominion of Virginia, Planter, of one part & JAMES SUDDARTH of ye County & Collony aforesaid, Carpenter, of the other part Witnesseth the WILLIAM SUDDARTH for the Quantity of Two hundred acres of land lying & being the RED BEAR HOLLOW to him the said WILLIAM SUDDARTH delivered by the said JAMES SUDDARTH, he the said WILLIAM SUDDARTH hereby hath granted & sold unto JAMES SUDDARTH Two hundred acres of land being on the South Branch of Hardway being part of Three hundred acres granted to WILLIAM SUDDARTH by Abraham Veneble as may be more fully at large appear by the said Venebles patent for said Land, Together with all houses gardens orchards woods ways to the Two hundred acres of land being pg part of Three hundred acres abovenamed whereof One hundred acres & that to be where the house & plantation of WILIAM SUDDARTH hath to be reserved for Laurance Suddarth & his heirs forever Provided Always forever the Timber & Wood of the said Land shall be for the use & behoof of any part of said Three hundred acres & no hindrance on either party forever & also the Reversion rents title of him said WILLIAM SUDDARTH to the same To have and to hold unto JAMES SUDDARTH his heirs and assigns forever In Witness whereof WILLIAM SUDDARTH hath set his hand and Seal in presence of  WM SUDDARTH At a Court held for Albemarle County the Eight day of May 1760. This Indenture was acknowledged by WILLIAM SUDDARTH one of the parties thereto & ordered to be recorded.”

1752

At court held for Stafford County 9th Novr 152 Inventory p. 24o

“In the name of God Amen I JAMES SUDDUTH SENR of Stafford County being indisposed in body but of sound memory & judgment . . . settling worldly affairs after the following manner

Imp I leave unto my son WILLIAM SUDDUTH one feather bed & furniture vizt that which commonly called his Bed also one cow & calf to him and heirs.

Item I leave to my son James Sudduth one feather bed and furniture which nhe now lies as also 2 cows & claves and a pot in case he leaves his Mother.

Item I leave to my Loving wife MARY during her life or of her dying I leave all to my Grandson Lawrence Sudduth with directions that it may be apprais’d or turn’d into money for him until he comes of age to be delivered to him at that time.

In case of my Grandson Lawrences death I bequeath all to my son James and his heirs for ever. Also I leave to my loving wife Mary one Mulatto boy Mase to do with him as she thinks proper. Lastly I appoint my loving Wife MARY SUDDUTH my whole ExEx of this my last Will and Testament. . .  Jany 24 1753. Presence Will Montjoy, Lawr. Sudduth. At Court held for Stafford County 13th March 1753 This last will & Testament of JAMES SUDDUTH deced presented by MARY SUDDUTH the Ex Ex therein named . .  Certificate granted for her obtaining Probate . .

1753

Father JAMES SUDDARTH dies in Overwharton Parish, Stafford County, VA

1759

From Albemarle County, VA – Deed Book ’2′ Page 116: “April 13, 1759 JAMES SUDDETH to WILLIAM SUDDETH, 20# for 135 acres on Hardware Branch. Witnesses: Charles Blany, Abraham Venable Patent: Mary 10, 1756 PATIENCE, wife of JAMES SUDDETH”

From Albemarle County VA – Deed Book ’2′ Page 159: “June 20, 1759 Jacob Eades to John Ramsey, clerk, 300 acres bought from WILLIAM SUDDARTH, both sides of south fork of Totier River.”

1761

“Diocese of Southern Virginia”, Journal 1903, 49-50
AMHERST COUNTY was formed in 1761 from Albemarle County and
“certain islands” in the Fluvanna [James] River.
The Act dividing the Counties of Albemarle and Louisa and the Parish of St.
Anne was dated March 1761.
Amherst Parish in said Act is described as follows:
That from and after the first day of May next the said parish (St. Anne) shall be divided into two distinct parishes, in the following manner, that is to say, by Rockfish river to the mouth of Green creek, thence a straight line by the house of Thomas Bell to the Blue mountain, and that all that part of said parish that lies above the said river and line shall be one distinct parish, and shall be called and “known by the name of Amherst”: and that all other part of said parish that lies below the said river and line shall be one distinct parish and “retain the name of St. Anne”.

[Note: See additional information on the Amherst Parish that follows at * below.]

 

9 July 1761

Albemarle County, VA Deeds: Book #3, page 85:  Chas. Tate, Amhurst planter, to JAS. SUDDARTH 20 pds., 109 acres S. Hardware. Wit. Samuel Jordon & WM. SUDDARTH.

WILL OF WILLIAM SUDDARTH, 1761 I WILLIAM SUDDARTH SENR of the County and Parish of Amherst being in Perfect sence and memory do by these Presents make this my Last Will and Testament makeing void all other Wills by me before maid in primas I comit my Soul to the hands of Almighty God that gave it me and for what Estate it hath Pleased God to bestoe on me I give and Bequeath as followeth

Item I give to my Daughters Sarah Denny, Agness Willibey, Charity Tate, Elizabeth Ray one shilling Starling, also I give to my three Sons JAMES SUDDARTH, William Suddarth, and Larnes Suddarth Each of them one shilling Starling and the Rest and Residue of my hole Estate I give to my Youngest Daughter Mary Suddarth also I do appoint my Daughter Mary Suddarth whole Executor of this my Last Will and Testament December 25th 1761.
William (his + mark) Suddarth Larnes (his + mark) Suddarth Martha + Suddarth George

1762

5 April 1762

Amherst County, VA, Will Book 1, p. 4

Father WILLIAM SUDDARTH SR’S Will names sons JAMES, William Jr. and Lawrence, daughters Sarah (Denny), Agnes Willibey, Charity Tate, Elizabeth Ray, and Mary Sudarth. Mary Sudarth named the administrator.

From William Suddarth of Stafford County & Albemarle County, Virginia, printed by Richard D. Hirtzel, 1999:

“The connections between WILLIAM SUDDARTH and John Denny, Samuel Denny and Benjamin Denny are of particular interest – especially to Denny researchers. The 1762 will of WILLIAM SUDDARTH indicates that his daughter Sarah ahad married a Denny. Also, a history of Samuel Denny, written by his great-grandson, Joel Denny, indicates that Samuel married a woman named Southard and that they had seventeen children.

“A Samuel Denny is found in Goochland County in 1737/38 in a court action with a man named John Johnston and a man named Isaac Hoel. A John Johnston traded at the Partridge Store, aas did several persons with the surname of Howell, although not Isaac. Samuel Denny is not found in the Partridge Store records. So along with John Denny and Benjamin Denny is aded a sighting of Samuel Denny in Goochland County in the decade of the 1730s.

“This suggests a relationship between John, Benjain and Samuel – perhaps brother, perhaps cousins, perhaps one was the parent of the others. It would be reasonable to assume that the three Denny men were at least related to one another, hence having common Denny ancestors a few generations back.”

—–

*This discussion from the Diocese of Southern Virginia Journal follows the passage quoted for year 1761: 

{In 1761 the border between Albemarle and Amherst Counties would seem to be the Rockfish River, which I think is now the border between Nelson and Albemarle}

In October 1778 the parish of Amherst was divided by a line running from Fluvanna [James] River up Piney River to the mountains; the part on the lower side to be known as Amherst Parish and on the upper side, Lexington Parish.
That the parish of Amherst shall be divided into two distinct parishes, in the following manner, that is to say:
By a line to be run from Meggenson’s Warehouse, on the Fluvanna river, to Rose’s Mill on Piney river, thence up the fork thereof above Lucas Powell’s plantation, and hence up the north fork to the Blue Ridge, and all that part of said parish which lies on the lower side of the said line shall be one distinct parish and “retain the name of Amherst”, and all that part of said parish which lies on the upper side of the said line shall be one other distinct parish and be “know by the name of Lexington”.

{Two years later}
In October 1780, the dividing line between Amherst and Lexington parishes was relocated to make a more equitable division.
Be it therefore enacted, That instead of the dividing line mentioned in said Act, the said parishes shall be divided by the following lines, to-wit:


Beginning on the Fluvana [James] river at the mouth of Elk Island Creek, with said creek to Hilton’s mill, from thence a direct line to Tye river at the mouth of Camp Creek; thence up Tye river to mouth of Piney river, thence up Piney river to Rose’s mill; thence continued up Piney river to the fork thereof above Lucas Powell’s plantation and thence up the north fork to the Blue Ridge.
The collector of the parish of Lexington shall have the power to collect and distrain for any dues which shall remain unpaid by the inhabitants of that part of the said parish of Lexington hereby made a part of the said parish of Amherst.

The following recommendation from the committee on admission of new parishes was approved.

3. From Amherst County a petition to be divided from Lexington Parish, of which it now forms a part, and to be formed into a separate parish, taking the name of Amherst Parish with the following boundaries, to-wit:
Those boundaries known as belonging to Pedlar township, and all that part of Elton township that lies to the west of the Virginia Midland railroad; or in other words, the northern boundary of the Elon section of the parish will be the Lynchburg road from Ware’s Gap across to Cool Well; the eastern boundary the Virginia Midland railroad; the southern boundary the James river, and the western boundary the Tobacco Row mountains to Ware’s Gap.(his + mark) Taylor Theophilus Faver

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Rev Benjamin Burgher and Whitesides Baptist Church, Batesville, Albemarle County, VA

Below is a biography of Benjamin Burger (Burgher), the Baptist minister who married JAMES SUDDARTH JR and JANE RANDOLPH. From this one might infer that the families of the patriarchs JAMES SUDDARTH and JOHN RANDOLPH were associated with this Baptist congregation that was founded in 1788 near the present Batesville, VA.

“BIOGRAPHY: Rev. Benjamin BURGHER, pastor of Whitesides, now Mt. Ed Church near Greenwood. A history of Mt. Ed Baptist Church indicates that an ‘itinerant’ pastor formed a church, which became Whitesides, about one mile from Batesville which met in a Blacksmith shop and had 100 members by 1790. The name was changed to Mt. Ed about 1852. Information from Charley Moore, historian for Albelmarle County.

A History of Kentucky Baptists From 1769 to 1885, Including More Than 800 Biographical Sketches, J. H. Spencer, Manuscript Revised and Corrected by Mrs. Burilla B. Spencer, In Two Volumes. Printed For the Author. 1886. Republished By Church History Research & Archives 1976 Lafayette, Tennessee. Vol. 2, p 116 [Barren County]

“Zechariah Emerson was born in Albemarl [sic] Co., Va., Jan. 16, 1771. He was converted in his nineteenth year, and united with “Mt. Ed” (Whitesides) church, of which his parents were members, being baptized by Benjamin Burgher. . . ”

Extracted from “10 Generations of Ancestors of Gary Lee Foster with 5 Generations of their Descendants” at www.fosterfamily.surnames.com.

Research):Rev. Benjamin Burgher, pastor of Whitesides, now Mt. Ed Church near Greenwood.  A history of Mt. Ed Baptist Church indicates that an ‘itinerant’ pastor formed a church, which became Whitesides, about one mile from Batesville which met in a Blacksmith shop and had 100 members by 1790.  The name was changed to Mt. Ed about 1852.  Information from Charley Moore, historian for Albemarle County.

The following is from the Historic American Buildings Survey; National Park Service; Department of the Interior; Washington, D. C. 20240

Addendum to Mount Ed Baptist Church Batesville Albemarle County Virginia

WRITTEN HISTORICAL AND DESCRIPTIVE DATA

Historic American Buildings Survey National Park Service Department of the Interior Washington, D. C. 20240 HABS No. VA-999

MOUNT ED BAPTIST CHURCH (HABS No. VA-999)

Location: Batesville, Albemarle County, Virginia U.T.M. Coordinates: 17.69949.420705 (Covesville, Virginia Quadrangle)

Present Owner: Trustees of Mount Ed Baptist Church Mount Ed Baptist Church congregation

Present Use: House of worship

Statement of Significance: This building is one of the oldest Baptist Churches in Albemarle County and is typical of the type of structure erected by Baptist congregations in that section of piedmont Virginia just prior to the Civil War. Its design was based upon a Baptist church in Nelson County, Virginia, and, in turn, it served as the prototype for the Methodist Church in Batesville.

PARTI. HISTORICAL INFORMATION A Physical History:

Original and subsequent owenrs: The church was constructed on a tract of land of one and one-half acres located across Route 635 from the old Mount Ed Church which was subsequently torn down. . .

.From newrivernotes.com:

The Rev. Martin Dawsoti was a prominent early minister in this denomination, and was usually Moderator of the Albematle Association. Mr. Burgher, pastor of Whiteside’s, had some poetical talent, and composed “songs and otlier small pieces of poetry.” In his later years his corpulence made travel and preaching “not practicable.” He was esteemed a sound and able preacher.

 

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James Suddarth (Sr), Stafford, Albermarle Counties, VA 1720-1800

1720

JAMES SUDDARTH, son of WILLIAM SUDDARTH and PARTLOW MILLS, born in Overwharton Parish, Stafford County, VA

Brother Lawrence Suddarth born afterwards

1730

Sister Mary (Mollie) Suddarth born.

1735

Brother William Suddarth born.

1743

Father WILLIAM SUDDARTH, planter, purchases about 300 acres of  land “among little mountains” from Abraham Venable of Louisa County on the south branch of the Hardware River in the Parish of St Ann’s in Goochland County (this area became Albemarle County in 1744 the Parish of St. Ann’s).

1744

The area of Goochland County containing property owned by father WILLIAM SUDDARTH becomes Albemarle County.

JAMES SOUTHARD[?] 200 acres on Verdiman’s Creek, Amherst County

1746

9 December, 1746

JAMES SUDDARTH married PATIENCE SUMPTER, daughter of WILLIAM SUMPTER and ELIZABETH DULCE.

1748

JAMES SUDDARTH married PATIENCE SUMPTER in Albemarle County, VA

1750

After his children were grown and married, WILLIAM SUDDARTH sold 200
acres on Red Bar Hollow in Albemarle County to JAMES SUDDARTH, a carpenter on 8 May, 1750. He reserved 100 acres fo the 300-acre tract for his son Lawrence.

pp. 184-185 “This indenture made the Eighth day of May in the twenty third year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord George the second and c . and in the year of our Lord Christ One thousand seven hundred & fifty between WILLIAM SUDDARTH of Albemarle County Collony & Dominion of Virginia, Planter, of one part & JAMES SUDDARTH of ye County & Collony aforesaid, Carpenter, of the other part Witnesseth the WILLIAM SUDDARTH for the Quantity of Two hundred acres of land lying & being the RED BEAR HOLLOW to him the said WILLIAM SUDDARTH delivered by the said JAMES SUDDARTH, he the said WILLIAM SUDDARTH hereby hath granted & sold unto JAMES SUDDARTH Two hundred acres of land being on the South Branch of Hardway being part of Three hundred acres granted to WILLIAM SUDDARTH by Abraham Veneble as may be more fully at large appear by the said Venebles patent for said Land, Together with all houses gardens orchards woods ways to the Two hundred acres of land being pg part of Three hundred acres abovenamed whereof One hundred acres & that to be where the house & plantation of WILIAM SUDDARTH hath to be reserved for Laurance Suddarth & his heirs forever Provided Always forever the Timber & Wood of the said Land shall be for the use & behoof of any part of said Three hundred acres & no hindrance on either party forever & also the Reversion rents title of him said WILLIAM SUDDARTH to the same To have and to hold unto JAMES SUDDARTH his heirs and assigns forever In Witness whereof WILLIAM SUDDARTH hath set his hand and Seal in presence of  WM SUDDARTH At a Court held for Albemarle County the Eight day of May 1760. This Indenture was acknowledged by WILLIAM SUDDARTH one of the parties thereto & ordered to be recorded.”

1753

Grandfather JAMES SUDDARTH dies in Overwharton Parish, Stafford County, VA

1759

Albemarle County Deed Book 2

pp. 116-117 “This indenture made this thirteenth day of April in the thirty second year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord George the second and in the year of our Lord Christ MDCCLIX Between JAMES SUDDETH of the County of Albemarle and Parish of Saint Ann’s of the one part and William Sudeth of the same County and Parrish Witnesseth that JAMES SUDETH for sum of Twenty pounds Currt. money of Virginia to him paid doth sell until William Sudeth his heirs one certain percel of land containing by Estemation one hundred and thirty five acres be the same more or less lying in County of Albemarle on the branhes of Hardware River & bounded Begining at Charles Blakey’s corner white oak spalin in Abraham Venables line running thence on Blakey South & West to his Corner chesnut tree thence on a new line South & East to a red bud tree North & West in pointers in Venables line thence in the line South & West to the first station it being a percil of land that was granted unto the aforesaid JAMES SUDETH by a Patent bearing date the tenth day of March one thousand seven hundred and fifty six . . . James Suddeth

“At a Court held fo Albemarle County the tenth day of May 1759 This Indenture & Receipt were acknowledge by JAMES SUDDETH party thereto and ordered to be recorded. PATIENCE the wife of the said JAMES SUDDETH personally came into Court & being first privately examined as the Law directs voluntarily relinquished her right of Dower to the said Estate conveied by the said Indenture.

 

 

1761

9 July 1761

Albemarle County, VA Deeds: Book #3, page 85:  Chas. Tate, Amhurst planter, to JAS. SUDDARTH 20 pds., 109 acres S. Hardware. Wit. Samuel Jordon & WM. SUDDARTH.

WILL OF WILLIAM SUDDARTH, 1761 I WILLIAM SUDDARTH SENR of the County and Parish of Amherst being in Perfect sence and memory do by these Presents make this my Last Will and Testament makeing void all other Wills by me before maid in primas I comit my Soul to the hands of Almighty God that gave it me and for what Estate it hath Pleased God to bestoe on me I give and Bequeath as followeth Itam I give to my Daughters Sarah Denny, Agness Willibey, Charity Tate, Elizabeth Ray one shilling Starling, alsoI give to my three Sons JAMES SUDDARTH, William Suddarth, and Larnes Suddarth Each of them one shilling Starling and the Rest and Residue of my hole Estate I give to my Youngest Daughter Mary Suddarth also I do appoint my Daughter Mary Suddarth whole Executor of this my Last Will and Testament December 25th 1761.
William (his + mark) Suddarth Larnes (his + mark) Suddarth Martha + Suddarth George
“Diocese of Southern Virginia”, Journal 1903, 49-50
AMHERST COUNTY was formed in 1761 from Albemarle County and
“certain islands” in the Fluvanna [James] River.
The Act dividing the Counties of Albemarle and Louisa and the Parish of St.
Anne was dated March 1761.
Amherst Parish in said Act is described as follows:
That from and after the first day of May next the said parish (St. Anne)
shall be divided into two distinct parishes, in the following manner, that is
to say, by Rockfish river to the mouth of Green creek, thence a straight line
by the house of Thomas Bell to the Blue mountain, and that all that part of
said parish that lies above the said river and line shall be one distinct
parish, and shall be called and “known by the name of Amherst”: and that all
other part of said parish that lies below the said river and line shall be
one distinct parish and “retain the nane of St. Anne”.

{In 1761 the border between Albemarle and Amherst Counties would seem to be
the Rockfish River, which I think is now the border between Nelson and
Albemarle}

In October 1778 the parish of Amherst was divided by a line running from
Fluvanna [James] River up Piney River to the mountains; the part on the lower
side to be known as Amherst Parish and on the upper side, Lexington Parish.
That the parish of Amherst shall be divided into two distinct parishes, in
the following manner, that is to say:
By a line to be run from Meggenson’s Warehouse, on the Fluvanna river, to
Rose’s Mill on Piney river, thence up the fork thereof above Lucas Powell’s
plantation, and hence up the north fork to the Blue Ridge, and all that part
of said parish which lies on the lower side of the said line shall be one
distinct parish and “retain the name of Amherst”, and all that part of said
parish which lies on the upper side of the said line shall be one other
distinct parish and be “know by the name of Lexington”.

{Two years later}
In October 1780, the dividing line between Amherst and Lexington parishes
was relcated to make a more equitable division.
Be it therefore enacted, That instead of the dividing line mentioned in
said Act, the said parishes shall be divided by the following lines, to-wit:
Beginning on the Fluvana [James] river at the mouth of Elk Island Creek,
with said creek to Hilton’s mill, from thence a direct line to Tye river at
the mouth of Camp Creek; thence up Tye river to mouth of Piney river, thence
up Piney river to Rose’s mill; thence continued up Piney river to the fork
thereof above Lucas Powell’s plantation and thence up the north fork to the
Blue Ridge.
The collector of the parish of Lexington shall have the power to collect
and distrain for any dues which shall remain unpaid by the inhabitants of
that part of the said parish of Lexington hereby made a part of the sais
parish of Amherst.

The following recommendation from the committee on admission of new parishes
was approved.
3. From Amherst County a petition to be divided from Lexington Parish, of
which it now forms a part, and to be formed into a separate parish, taking
the name of Amherst Parish with the following boundaries, to-wit:
Those boundaries known as belonging to Pedlar township, and all that part of
Elton township that lies to the west of the Virginia Midland railroad; or in
other words, the northern boundary of the Elon section of the paarish will be
the Lynchburg road from Ware’s Gap across to Cool Well; the eastren boundary
the Virginia Midland railroad; the southern boundary the James river, and the
western boundary the Tobacco Row mountains to Ware’s Gap.(his + mark) Taylor Theophilus Faver

1762

5 April 1762

Amherst County, VA, Will Book 1, p. 4

Father WILLIAM SUDDARTH SR’S Will names sons JAMES, William Jr. and Lawrence, daughters Sarah (Denny), Agnes Willibey, Charity Tate, Elizabeth Ray, and Mary Sudarth. Mary Sudarth named the administrator.

1768

Deed Abstracts of Albemarle County, VA Deed Book No. 4 9 August 1764-12 August 1768

p. 493-495. “This indenture made this fourteenth day of April in the Eighth year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord George the Third between Laurence Suddarth and Martha his Wife of County of Amhers of one part and James Suddarth of the County of Albemarle of other part Witness that for sum of forty five pounds Good and Lawfull money of Virginia paid to said Lawrence Sudarth and Martha his Wife they sold to said JAMES SUDDARTH his heirs forever One hundred acres of land being part of Three hundred acres granted by Deed to WiILLIAM SUDDARTH SENR on the South Branch of Hardway by Abraham Venable as may appear to the said Venables Patent for land it being the old Plantation where the said WILLIAM SUDDARTH Deceased lived.” In presence of Absalom McKinzie, Milley Suddarth, At Albemarle April Court 1761.

1781

19 September 1781

In DAR #515236 Mrs. Blanch Weatherred Crawford Patriot rendered material
aid Miscellaneous revolution Bxo 5 Pay Roll of Capt. J. Harris his
militia company from Albemarle, at Williamsburg, 19 Sep 1781 − 48 day service states JAMES SUDDARTH born 1720 in England married 1745.

[WHB - JAMES SUDDARTH was born in Stafford County, VA and was married in 1746. The birthyear is correct and it seems plausible that in the mustering out process at the end of the Revolutionary War, his birthplace and wedding dates could have been unintentionally garbled; or, since JAMES was 61 in 1781, it may have been someone else.]

1782

First Personal Property Tax List for Albemarle County, VA:

District 5 (also includes JOHN RANDOLPH: 1 free white female, 1 slave, 2 horses. Taxed 14 shillings.

JAMES SUDDERTH: 1 free white female; 8 slaves; 32 cattles; ten horses. Taxed 5 pounds 18 shillings

 

1784

9 December

Son JAMES SUDDARTH JR married JANE RANDOLPH

Bond: JOHN RANDOLPH Witness : H. Martin Minister: Benj Burger

1785

Brother William Suddarth dies in Burke County, NC

1787

Albemarle County, VA: Tax/census lists Laurence Suddarth with one son
aged 16 to 21; John Suddarth (tax paid by Laurence Suddarth), and a
JAMES SUDDARTH, JR.

1796

Will of JAMES SUDDARTH:

Will Book 4, page 52, Albemarle Co., VA

In the name of God Amen: I, JAMES SUDDARTH Senr. of Albemarle County Virginia being in a low state of bodily health but of perfect mind and memory do make this my last will and testament and first of all I do recommend my body to the Earth to be buried in a decent manner at the discretion of my executors in hope of a glorious resurrection and my Soul to God who gave it and as to my worldly estate I dispose of it in the following manner Viz:  First I give and bequeath to my beloved wife Patience Suddarth peaceable possession of the house and plantation whereon I now live, during her natural life, as also of my Negroes Moses, Taylor, Mary and Lidda to return, together with their increase to my children, at her death.  It is further my will that at the division of my estate that she shall take as much of my stock and household furniture as she shall judge necessary for her support.

Secondly it is my will and desire that the land on which I now live and have had in possession of a long time together with the land purchased of Capt. P. Cock be equally divided between my two sons William and James Suddarth and in case that the land purchased of Capt. John Lewis (or Sims) about which there is a dispute at present should be made good to them it is my desire that that also should be equally divided between them, but in case Capt. Lewis (or Sims) or his executors should fail to make a lawful title to said land it is my desire that the money already paid toward the purchase of said land, which of course must be refunded, shall be equally divided as also the balance of the money that was to be paid toward said purchase.

Thirdly it is my desire that after the allotment of my lands to my two sons, as has been mentioned above, that then an equal division of my remaining property, negroes, stock, and household furniture take place amongst my children counting in what of my property has already been given away to my children.

In consideration of this my last will and testament I have hereunto set my hand and affixed my seal this seventeenth day of January in the year of our Lord 1796.

JAMES SUDDARTH Senr.  his X mark

Test.

William Irwin

William P. Patterson

Mary X Martin

P.S. I do hereby approve my two sons William and JAMES SUDDARTH in conjunction with Mr. Tandy Key and M. L. Murrill Executors of this my last will and testament.

JAMES SUDDARTH Senr.

P.S. It is also my desire that as to the property already given to my children at a distance they may not be put to the necessity of bringing it to the spot for the sake of appraisement after my decease for this reason viz:  that it would be nearly as much expense as such property would be worth to remove it back and forward to such a distance.  It is also my desire that they may not be required to account for the profits arising from such property since the time of its being given.  That this is an additional clause to my last will and testament I signify by affixing my hand and seal this twenty fifth day of December 1799.

James Suddarth his X mark

Test.

William Irwin

N. B. Circumstances have been somewhat altered since the writing of my will as above except I think proper to make the following alteration viz:  I give and bequeath to my wife Patience Suddarth as above except save the mill that my son James has since built and the water and water course to support it, and the distillery that he has erected, together with the house in which he now lives, together with a barn that he has in contemplation to build which he has already paid for.

It is also my will that my lands as specified above, be equally divided between my two sons according to the lines which they have agreed on that is to say, Beginnning at the Ivy Ridge on Joseph Sutherland’s line and coming up the old road as far as it runs in a straight direction thence to the Psimmon Mountain to the upper corner of my fence adjoining Skylar Harris line.

That these are the amendments according as circumstances have altered since the time in which I wrote the above is witnessed by affixing my hand and seal as above this eleventh day of March Anno. Dom. 1800.

JAMES SUDDARTH his X mark

Test.

William Irwin

Mary X Martin

1800

Death of JAMES SUDDARTH.

At a court held for Albemarle County the 1st day of September 1800 this last will and testament of James Suddarth Senr. was brought into Court and proved by the oath of William Patterson and Mary Martin two of the witnesses thereto and by the court ordered to be recorded and on motion of William and James Suddarth two of the executors therein named certificate is granted them for obtaining a probate in due form of security and qualified accordingly.

Test.

John Nicholas C.A.C.

 

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Selected 18th Century Virginia Road Orders

One of the realities of 17th and 18th century rural England was that local landowners were responsible for the upkeep of the roads in their area.

From the Pelican History of England 7, Plumb, J. H., England in the Eighteenth Century (1714-1815), Harmondsworth, Middlesex, U. K., 1950, p. 96:

[An obstacle] fully appreciated by contemporaries, was the state of transport. The roads were repaired by the inhabitants of the parish through which they passed, which meant that they were never repaired until they were in a desparate condition, and the eighteenth century’s idea of a desperate condition was extremely generous – men and horses were drowned in the pot-holes of the Great North Road . . .

That practice was continued in the colonies.

Below are Road orders that my persons in my ancestral line were required to fulfill. These are from the major work of historian Nathaniel Mason Pawlett, on behalf of the Virginia Highway & Transportation Research Council compiled a half century ago (published 1970).

The following preface to that work explains the initiative’s background:

“The Virginia Highway and Transportation Research Council is a cooperative organization sponsored jointly by the Virginia Department of Highways and Transportation and the University of Virginia and is located on the Grounds of the University at Charlottesville. The Council engages in a comprehensive program of research in the field of transportation. As a part of its program the Council, in December 1972, began research on the history of road and bridge building technology in Virginia. The initial effort was concerned with truss bridges; a complementary effort concentrating on roads got underway in October 1973.

“The evolution of the road system of Virginia is in many ways inseparable from the social, political and technological developments that form the history of the Commonwealth. Despite this, there are few extant serious works on the history of roads in Virginia. Those which have been produced focus on internal improvements and turnpike development before the War Between the States. Little has been done on the period from Reconstruction through the creation of the system of state highways in the earlier part of this century.

“Accordingly, it was decided to investigate the development of the roads of Albemarle County during the period 1725-1816 as a pilot project, and to use this experience to produce a History of Albemarle County Roads and a procedural handbook for the writing of Road Histories. During this project it was necessary to examine and extract all the Road Orders for the Counties from which Albemarle was formed as well as the Orders for Albemarle up to the year 1816 when the Board of Public Works was created to oversee internal improvements, and Virginia entered the turnpike and canal era.

Selections from ALBEMARLE COUNTY ROAD ORDERS 1783-1816:

13 November 1783 N.S., Ord. Bk. 1783-1785, p. 116

“Ordered that James Jones, Richard Moore, William Irvin, JAMES SUDDERTHS and their male Labouring Titheables, with those of Mr. Cockes at his quarter be added to the Gang on the Road under Elijah Mooran.

9 December 1784 N.S., Ord. Bk. 1783-85, p. 310

“Ordered that JAMES SUDDERTH, William Austin, William Mooran and Richard Moore or any three of them do View the way from Benjamin Norvells Corner of a fence to William Moorans and report to the next court the most Convenient way for a Road.

10 January 1793 N.S., Ord. Bk. 1791-93, p. 321

“William Suddarth is appointed a surveyor of the Roads in the Room of Benjamin Nowell, with the gang to which the said Nowell was lately appointed.

15 February 1793 N.S., Ord. Bk. 1791-93, p. 331

“Isaac Oaks is appointed a surveyor of the road in the Room of Talton Woodson with gang to which the said Woodson was formerly appointed.

12 April 1793 N.S., Ord. Bk. 1791-93, p. 363

. . . ”To Isaac Oaks who is surveyor of the Road from Richards Woods to little D.S. the following hands are allotted, to wit, Talton Woodsonís Gang, John Taylor Menan Mills, John Luce, Isaac Hays Zepheniah Luce, Richard Woods, Edwin Gibson.

11 July 1793 N.S., Ord. Bk. 1791-93, p. 456

“Ordered that the hands of William Cole and John Cosby be taken from James Ronalds and added to the gang appointed to labour under Isaac Oaks Surveyor of the road from the little D.S to Richard Woods.

11 July 1793 N.S., Ord. Bk. 1791-93, p. 456

“Ordered that Richard Woods hands be taken from Isaac Oaks Gang and added to the said Woods gang to keep the road in repair from the D.S to the said Woods.

10 October 1793 N.S., Ord. Bk. 1791-93, p. 510

“Ordered that the following Male labouring Tythables do work on the road from the Branch at Benjamin Norvels to the fork above Harts Store, and that William Suddarth Surveyor of the said road do have them as his gang to keep the same in repair to wit, William Suddarth, Richard Moor, William Irvins, Tandy Keys, JAMES SUDDARTH SR JAMES SUDDARTH JUNR and William Davis.–

6 July 1795 N.S., Ord. Bk. 1793-95, p. 408

“John Taylor is appointed as surveyor of the road in the room of Isaac Oaks with the usual Gang

7 September 1795 N.S., Ord. Bk. 1793-95, p. 471

“Richard Moore is appointed surveyor of the road in the room of William Suddarth, the following male labouring hands to wit, William Suddarths hands, Tandy Keys Ditto, the Reverand William Irvins Ditto, JAMES SUDDARTHS Ditto, JAMES SUDDARTHS JR Ditto, William Davis’s Ditto Richard Moors Ditto Richard Parsons Ditto, to keep the same in repair

3 July 1797 N.S., Ord. Bk. 1795-98, p. 345

“Samuel Irvin jr is appointed Surveyor of the Road from the County line to the Top of the green mountain in the Room of Benjamin Harris, with the following gang to keep the same in repair to wit, Isham Bailey and son, Sandy Hawsleing, Samuel Hensley, Samuel Irvin Ser. Edward Thomas, William Burford, William Hensley William Eubank, James Thurmond, William Suddarth, John Milton, William Galding, Merideth Sanders, George Norvell, Benjamin Johnson, William Thurmond Jesse Thomas, Ralph Bowman, and Benjamin Harrisís

5 June 1798 N.S., Ord. Bk. 1798-1800, p. 36

“William Davis is appointed surveyor of the road from Harts lane to Jonesís mill and cross road to the Cave road with the following male labouring Tytheables to keep the said road in repair to wit James Jones, William Irvins Tandy Keys Thomas Keys JAMES SUDDARTHS William Suddarthís John Pembertons George Martins Jane Murrills Richard Moores & said William Davisís

2 July 1798 N.S., Ord. Bk. 1798-1800, p. 43

“On the Petition of John Marrs for the view of a way leading from his house to James Jones Mill Tandy Key George Martin Abraham Martin and William Suddarth or any three of them being first sworn are appointed to view the said way and make report to this Court of the conveniences and inconveniences that will attend the opening the same

5 February l799 N.S., Ord. Bk. 1798-1800, p. 179

“Ordered that Samuel Murrel inquire into the state of the road from Busters upper bridge to where the road leading by William Suddarths intersects the same, and report what hands will be necessary to keep the same in repair

1 April l799 N.S., Ord. Bk. 1798-1800, p. 201

“Samuel Murrel who was appointed to examine into the state of the road from Busters upper bridge to where the said road leading by William Suddarths intersects with the same, this day made a report, Whereupon It is ordered by the Court that James Suddarth jr be appointed Surveyor thereof with the following male Laboring tytheables to wit, JAMES SUDDARTH JR. Joseph Southerland Sens. Hugh Rice Morriss, David Hickss & James Claybrookss and the said Joseph Southerland jr to Keep the same in repair according to Law, and it is further ordered that the hands working under James Clarkson surveyor of a road to assist in opening the same in the direction it formerly ran

7 October 1799 N.S., Ord. Bk. 1798-1800, p. 325

“On the motion of Barbara Martin for the view of a road from the South fork of Hard ware River near Benjamin Norvills thence to Keys Meeting house, the nearest and best way, Benjamin Norville, Skiler Harris, William Suddarth and Joseph H Jones [?]or any three of them being first sworn are appointed to view the same and make report thereof to this Court of the conveniences and inconveniences as well public as private that will attend the opening of the said road

8 April 1800 Ord. Bk. 1800-1801, p. 11

“On the Petition of William Turner for the view of a Road leading from the upper part of his plantation to Jones Mill; Benjamin Norvill, William Suddearth, Robert Page and Richard Moore or any three of them being first sworn are appointed to view the same and make report to this court of the conveniences and inconveniences as well public as private that will attend the opening of the said road

2 December 1800, Ord. Bk. 1800-1801. p. 248

“On the Petition of JAMES SUDDEARTH for leave to turn the road leading through his Land so that the same shall pass by his house and Mill, Skiler Harris, Tandy Key, Richard Moore and Abraham Morton or any three of them being first sworn are appointed to view the said Way and make report to this Court of the conveniences and inconveniences as well public as private that will attend the opening of the same

5 October 1801, Ord. Bk. 1801-1802, p. 78

“Ordered that the hands of JAMES SUDDARTH be added to the gang of William Suddarth to keep the road in repair whereof the said William is the surveyor.

4 November 1802, Ord. Bk. 1801-1802, p. 467

“The Commonwealth of Virginia } Against } The surveyor of road from Wm Sudderths } to Jno Everitts } . . .

These presentments are dismissed.

4 November 1802, Ord. Bk. 1801-1802, p. 467

upon a Presentment

2 August 1803, Ord. Bk. 1803-1804 p. 177

“Commonwealth } against } Upon a Presentment

Surveyor of the road from Harts Store } to JAMES SUDDARTHS }

These presentments are dismissed

3 March 1806, Ord. Bk. 1806, p. 23

“Commonwealth } Against The Surveyor of the road from JAMES } SUDDERTHS to Busters bridge } & The Commonwealth }} On a presentment of Grand Jury against } The Surveyor of a road from a new bridge near Stephen Moores to } William Woods }} On a presentment of Grand Jury

These presentments are dismissed

3 June 1807 [1806], Ord. Bk. 1806, p. 220

“John Bolling, Joseph Sutherland, and William Suddarth three of the Persons appointed by an order of this Court granted on the Petition of Richard P. Watson the Seventh day of October One Thousand eight hundred and five for the view of a road, made a report in the following words, to Wit, ìIn obedience to the within order We John Bolling and Joseph Suddarth and and William Suddarth being first sworn have Proceeded to view the road to us directed leading from Richard P. Watsons into the Warren Road, and have determined that the Present Bridle Way leading from the said Watsons shall stand Provided Mr Hart will make it a good Carriage way, otherwise that the Old road Shall be openedî James P Cocke John Bolling, Samuel Hamner Jr. and Stephen Moore persons appointed to view a Road Petitioned for by Andrew Hart in obediance to an order dated the fourth day of February One Thousand eight hundred and Six. made a report in the following words to Wit, ìAs directed by the within order we have viewed the way leading from Richard Watsons into the Warren Road and we are of opinion that the best and most Convenient way may be made

5 September 1808, Ord. Bk. 1808-1810, p. 67

“Joseph Sutherland is Appointed Surveyor of the road leading from Busters bridge to JAMES SUDDERTHS With the usual gang as Per list to Keep the Same in good repair

3 September 1810, Order Book 1810-1811, p. 233

“On the petition of JAMES SUDDERTH for a view of a road from the Cove road to his plantation at Christians old place or Bullocks mountain Joseph Sutherland John Irvin William Mooran and William Hamner or any three of them being first sworn are appointed to view the proposed road and make report thereof to this Court

1 October 1810, Order Book 1810-1811, p. 245

“John Irvin William Mooran and Joseph Sutherland who were appointed by a former Order of this Court to view a road petitioned for by JAMES SUDDERTH this day made their report And Thereupon It is Ordered that James P Cocke Senr. James Cocke (Pohatan) William Robertson Samuel Gay and William Leake Or any three of them be appointed to review the said road and make report thereof to this Court

4 March 1811, Order Book 1810-1811, p. 371

“It is Ordered by the Court that the hands of JAMES SUDDERTH at his quarter be attached to the gang directed to work under William Leake surveyor of the road

2 April 1811, Order Book 1810-1811, p. 432

“James P Cocke, James Cocke & Samuel Gay Commissioners appointed to review a road petitioned for by James Sudderth this day made their report, The Court thereupon Order that the said Commissioners have leave to open a road from his plantation Begining at the lower end thereof on the side of the mountain & Continuing on the mountain Side to the cove road

2 March 1813, Order Book 1811-1813, p. 416

“It is ordered by the court that Wm. Harris be appointed Surveyor of the road from opposite Rice Smiths Schoolhouse to the forks of the road above Tandy Keys and with the hands of Lewis Roberson Tandy Suddarth, Jarrott Suddarth, Leonard Drumheller Tandy Key Nehemiah Hunley, Lewis Hunley, and Mrs. Harris to keep the same in Good repair.

6 December 1813, Order Book 1813-1815, p. 269

“On the petition of Alexander Blair to change the road leading from Harts store to Nelson Court house John Irvin William Suddarth, William Boyd and William Hamner or any three of them being first sworn are appointed to view the proposed change and make report thereof to this court.

6 June 1815, Order Book 1815-1816, p. 20

“The Commonwealth of Virginia against The Surveyor of the road from William Woods to William Simpsons} } Presentment } }

This presentment is continued untill next term, and it appearing to the Satisfaction of the Court that Harry Oaks and Pleasant Gillum, the Commonwealths witnesses in this presentment, have been Duly Summoned to attend this term as such, being Solemnly Called and not appearing, It is Ordered by the court that they be fined eight Dollars each for their non attendance unless they shew cause to the contrary on or before the next term

7 August 1815, Order Book 1815-1816, p. 69

On the petition of Mary Ann Norvell for a view to turn the road to run by her house begining at the Widow Morans treading yard to a broad rock below her house, Robert Page William Suddarth and John Irvin are appointed being first sworn to view the proposed road, and make report thereof to this court

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Notes on Sudderth (Suddarth) family from Rev Woods’ “Albemarle County in Virginia” (published 1901)

The following quotations are from Rev. Edgar Woods’ Albemarle County in Virginia, C. J. Carrier Company, Bridgewater, Virginia, 1901. According to the title page “Giving some account of what it was by nature, of what is was made by man, and of some of the men who made it.”

From page 321

SUDDARTH

“William and JAMES SUDDARTH were early settlers in the county. They were undoubtedly brothers. They and their descendants were located on the south fork of Hardware, between the Cross Roads and Covesville. Previous to 1750, William bought from Abraham Venable three hundred acres of a tract of fifteen hundred which Venable had patented in 1735 in that vicinity. In the year first named, William eschanged two hundred acres with JAMES, for the same quantity which JAMES had purchased from the same tract. William seems to have died before 1768, as at that time Lawrence Suddarth, apparently his son and representative, conveyed to JAMES the other hundred acres of William’s purchase from Venable. Lawrence was a resident of Amherst, but subsequently settled in Albemarle, on Green Creek. his wife’s name was Martha, and he died in 1815.

JAMES died in 1800, and left at least three children, William, JAMES and Mildred, the wife of John Turner. These brothers lived near where the present Lynchburg Road crosses the south fork of Hardware, a mill known as Suddarth’s Mill having conspicuously marked that locality for many years.

In 1830 William was assessed with more than thirteen hundred acres of land. He died in 1832. It is said that his wife was Martha Sumter, and his children were William H., Jame, Sarah, the wife of Robert Porterfield, Martha, the wife of Richard Littleford, Richard P., who married Morris, and whose daughter Sarah was the wife of Henry Darrow, Nancy, the wife of George Paris, Elizabeth the wife of John W. Dettor, and Mildred, the wife of William Page.

His brother JAMES married JANE, the daughter of JOHN RANDOLPH. He died about 1850, and his chldren were James, Randolph, William T., Mary, the wife of David Hicks, PATIENCE, the wife of RICE OAKS, Thomas, John and Benjamin.

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Ancestral Quaker Lineages in New Kent County, Virginia: An Exploration of Some of the Published Research

WHB – If one spends a few hours perusing the pedigree charts of persons descended from one or more of the John Johnsons identified in 17th and 18th Century Virginia, who show in the vestry or Quaker monthly meeting minutes from New Kent, Hanover, Louisa, Middlesex and Bedford Counties, one can detect great confusion as to which Johnsons descended from which.

Rhoda Moorman Johnson Coffin

The seminal book on the Virginia Quaker families surnamed Johnson, [Rhoda Moorman Johnson Coffin, Rhoda M. Coffin, her reminiscences, addresses, papers and ancestry]  contains likely inaccuracies that have added to the confusion.

However, her reminiscences are especially valuable since Mrs Coffin, who died at an advanced age in the mid-19th century, was part of the extended family of the Bedford County Johnsons from whom I am descended and had first hand knowledge of the considerations, relating to the evolving Quaker position on slavery, that led part of the family to move to the Miami Valley of Ohio in 1807.

In Mrs Coffin’s book, the following observations were made:

“The Vestry Book of St Peter’s parish shows that ROBERT ELLYSON [Ellison], JOHN JOHNSON, William Johnson and Thomas Massie, all ancestral forefathers of the generation to which Mrs Coffin belonged, were vestrymen and active in church affairs for a period covering a full half-century of more, and were unfailingly punctual at the vestry meetings; indeed, they were leading figures in the colony as evidenced by the personal records.

“The vestry in those times exercised the chief authority in the parish. It apportioned the parish taxes, appointed the church wardens, acted as overseers of the poor” [FN 8] and performed other special offices. The parish records show that the salaries, charities, and most of all the business of the parish was paid in tobacco [FN 9 Parish Vestry Book of St Peter's 1682-1729, p. 213.].

“At the vestry meeting, ‘August Ye 24, 1751,” Robert Ellyson and William Johnson were appointed a committee to divide lands that belonged to the church into twenty precincts. JOHN JOHNSON and Captain Massie received a like aportionment for which service they were to be paid 1260 pounds of tobacco [FN 10 Ibid., p. 137].

“It is to be noted that the footprints of all these families are on the early records as slaveholders. The slaves belonging to them are registered by name in the parish books by the score. . . .

“In some instances the name of a child born to the master occurs the same year and is in the same list with the slave. During a period covering much of the seventeenth and eighteenth centures the JOHNSONs and thier near kindred held slaves; even after the families of another generation had united with the Quakers there are ‘disownments’ on the Friends’ records of lineal descendents who had scarcely given way to the ‘testimony’ and rules which the Society had gradually but finally declared for the freedom and rights of the individual black man.

“There is nothing on record to evidence that these Ancestors had any extensive communication with the world, though their settlements lay on the beautiful James river, the York, and Rappahannock rivers, and were not distant from the Chesapeake Bay. It is not discolosed that they became notably worthy of fame. They were respected personalities in the church as the personal records make known.

“The general character of the colony was high and ‘stood for educating the white populoations, morality, and religion.”

“The lives of the landholders were devoted much as were the lives of all Virginia planters of ‘Ye Olden Time” to social, domestic ties, and to their plantations worked by their slaves. Tobacco was the great product and commodity for all commercial exchange.

“After the generalizations of those with whom the Quaker records make us acquainted, they were, with few exceptions, staunch and faithful friends.

“The tidewater section of Virginia during the first century of its habitation by these early ancestors was a heavily wooded wilderness. The usual method of passing from one point to another was in open sloops and canoes on the creeks and rivers, and walking through the forests. At some seasons of the year they could journey throught the bogs and swamps on horseback. In the month of February,, 171_, Thomas Wilson and James Dickinson, two Quakers, making for the Friends’ settlement, landed on the Rappahannock river and went ashore at Queen Anne’s Town and passed over to York river, then “took our saddlesbags and great coats on our shoulders and traveled afoot several miles.

The Indians had not yet moved onward towward the setting sun. The Quakers did some missionary work among them.

“The year the Johnson families became Quakers is not made clear. Those were scattered unorganized meetings of the Friends in this part of Virginia at an early period – 1678. James Dickinson, mentioned above – visited the York river country and Kent Ccounty in 1691, and writes in his journal, “A meeting was established from that time.”

One Joseph Newby, a Quaker evangesit, came from North Carolina into the settlment near the close of the century, or early in the eighteenth century, and like John the Baptist, lifted up his voice in the wilderness, disclosing a Deity in such fervor and power and with so much intensity of heart that a sweeping conviction reached the hearts of his hearers and convinced a large number of the inhabitants that the spiritual standard beliefs, and principles of the Quakers were right. It is stated through tradition that the larger proportion of the then sparse population became members with the Quakers, and were afterward the founders of the earliest organized meetings. . .

So little in known of the personal history of the first John Johnson of whom we have record, we cannot give exact dates concerning him. It is evident that he was born about the middle of the seventeenth century . .  He was a faithful and active member of the Established Episcopal Church in the Virginia colony. . .

In the parishes of New Kent and Middlesex Counties, there lived two men by the name [of John Johnson], both of whom were born [in[ the middle of the seventeenth century. These men were evidently kinsmen in blood; the one "married Mary Broadbent" 22d November 1680, the other "married Lucinda Blake, April 6, 1686." We have, at this date, no further record of their parents.

We conclude that the genalogical line we are now tracing is lineally descended from the second of the two - John and Lucinda [Blake] Johnson. Their marriage is entered upon the “Parish Register Christ Church” Middlesex, 1653-1812.

It is a tradition in the family that an early ancestor, John Johnson, married Elizabeth Massie whose mother was an Ashley of the South Carolina Ashleys. The significance of the given names which frequently appear in more than two generations would tend to corroborate the tradition.

The Johnsons and Massies are found neighborsin all othe places where both families have lived. The name of Ashley as a land holder is not found on the Public records of those parts of Virginia nor in the Parish or Quaker records, but is well known in South Carolina. The only proof we have of such a marriage connection is, as stated above, the significance of names. . . .

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John Johnson c. 1702-? (New Kent, Hanover Counties, VA)

1725

JOHN JOHNSON, son of JOHN JOHNSON of Hanover County and ELIZABETH ELYSON [ELLISON], dau. of GERERD ROBT. ELYSON of New Kent County, married on 6 day., 8 mo., 1725.

From Rhoda Moorman Coffin, Her Reminiscenses, Addresses, Papers and Ancestry, p. 17.

John III, son of John and Lucinda [Blake] Johnson, married ELIZABETH ELLISON, 8th month 6, 1725. The marriage took place at the New Kent “particular meeting”, and is recorded in the records of Henrico Monthly Meeting, of which the Ellisons are now members.

[WHB - To date, I have not found any evidence to support Rhoda Coffin's hypothesis that JOHN JOHNSON who married ELIZABETH ELLYSON was the son of John and Lucinda Blaker.]

Marriage Certificate of JOHN JOHNSON and ELIZABETH ELEYSON.

Whereas, JOHN JOHNSON, son of JOHN JOHNSON of Hanover County and ELIZABETH ELLYSON daughter of GERED ROBT ELLYSON of Newkent County have proposed their intentions of Marage before two severall meetings of the peopell caled Quakers who after dew Enquire of their Clearness and it appearing to them that theay weare Cleare from all others on acct. of Mariage and that ye Relations of ye Sd. JOHN & ELIZABETH were consenting to their Mariage Did give Consent that the Sd parties should accomplish their Intentions.

Wee therefore whose names are Under writen doe Certifie all whome it may Concern that the sd JOHN JOHNSON and ELIZABETH ELLYSON did at a publick Meeting held of ye sd peopell in ye Meeting House in New Kente County 2/3 Sixt Day of ye Eight month one thousand Seven Hundred and tweenth and ‘five

Then and their take Each Other for Wife and husband He the Sd JOHN taking; her the sd ELIZABETH by the hand and declaring: that before this Meeting I take ELIZABETH ELLYSON for my weded wife as long as we shall both live and she the sd ELIZABETH then and their Likewise Declaring: that before this meeting I take JOHN JOHNSON for my weeded husband as long as wee shall Live and for Confirmation thereof the sd JOHN JOHNSON and the sd ELIZABETH doth seet their hands.

JOHN JOHNSON  ELIZABETH JOHNSON

And wee whose names are under are witnesses:

GERD. ROBT ELLYSON  Danll Willmoee  John Crew  John Elmore  Thos Elmore John Crew Jur  Robert Ellyson  Elizabeth Johnson  Benj Johnson  Mary Elmore Andrew Crew  Agathy Crew  John Scott Jur  Judeth Ellyson  Thomas Stanley  Judeth Scott  Agniss Ellyson  Ciscelly Willmore

Taken from the original records of the Monthly meeting held at Henrico, VA, 1699-1756

FN 22  The Ellisons were conspicuous figures and devoted laborers in the work of St Peter’s parish from the earliest history of the colony. They appear to have grasped the spiritual teachings of the Quakers early in th ecentury. General Ellison owned a number of slaves whose names are on the parish records, 1721 and later.

JOHN JOHNSON now styles himself of Hanover County, which was close on the border of Henrico, and was erected in 1720.

These early Virginia settlers were migratory, and made many changes in their localities of living. The Meetings also were moved from place to place.

lit is possible that one reason for these changes was the painful experience and unrest into which many were brought because — as was officially stated — ” We Can not for Concience sake pay the Priests dews & other Church demands.”*

John Johnson appears to have suffered on religious grounds by distress for tythes, having stood against the tything system and been forced by the high Sheriff to yield.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1732

John IV, son of John and Elizabeth [Ellyson] Johnson, was born 1732.

1754

He married 7th m.o. 13, 1754, Lydia Watkins, daughter of Benjamin and Priscilla Watkins of Goochland County. The Watkins were probably members of Genito meeting.

Concerning their marriage, and later, their place of residence, the records of Cedar Creek Monthly Meeting show the following:

” At a Monthly Meeting at our usall place in Caroline the 8th 6th mo 1754, John Johnson & Ledy Watkins Published their entention of Marringe it being the first time. Charles Johnson & Garrat Ellison are oppointed to Enquire the Clearness of John Johnson & make report to next Meetg.

At a Monthly Meeting held at Cader Creek the 13th7 mo 1754 Those Friends Oppolnted to Enquire into the Clearness of Jo”. Johnson & Ledy Watkins Gives Clear Account. John Johnson and Ledy Watkins Published their Entention of Marriage the Second time and are Left to their liberty to consumate their Marriage According to the ^ood Rules Used amongst us.”

The Watkins Family, like the Ellison’s, are found contemporary with the Johnsons on the very early parish records of St. Peter’s in New Kent county, and belonged to the first established Quaker meetings of Virginia. Henry Watkins Sen. subscribed 500 pounds of tobacco in 1699, and Henry Jr. fifteen
pounds, to build a meeting house. Lewis Watkins and Margaret Stone were married in St. Peter’s, Jan. ye 6, 1712, and had a family.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

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Notes on Selected Quaker Families of Hanover County, Virginia

One of the few old colonial churches is Cedar Creek Quaker Church, which was situated in western Hanover County, Virginia, near the village of Montpelier. The church was constructed in 1770, by a man named Kimbrough. Most of the material used to build the church came from England. The church was built of brick and had an old fashioned steep roof covered with shingles. It had large galleries on all sides. The main body of the church was two rooms with a movable partition to convert it into one room. In olden times it the custom of this church for the ladies to sit in one room, and the men in the other room. The church was sixty feet by forty feet, and the windows, blinds, doors, were of solid heart pine plank. The old fashioned woodwork on the interior was of heart pine. This old structure was an interesting landmark, and a model of ancient architecture, which was situated in a forest of pine and cedar and near it ran a stream of clear, sweet water, known as Cedar Creek. At one time the church had a large membership, and at the big meetings thousands would often gather here. Reverend Nathaniel C. Crenshaw and his son John Bacon Crenshaw were two of the prominent old leaders. John Harris was one of the founders of the Cedar Creek Society of Friends of Hanover County. In 1904 a forest fire destroyed the Cedar Creek Meeting House. The Cedar Creek Meeting was established in 1721, and laid down in about 1874.

1719

An excerpt from a research article posted by Jim Hall of Columbus, Ohio at jgoins.com/moorefamily.htm

 

The river systems of Louisa and Hanover Counties

By 1719, and probably much earlier, the Quakers had established a place of public worship at Cedar Creek in, later, Hanover County.  As families continued moving north west following the James, Pamunkey and other rivers it became difficult to attend the Monthly Meeting (MM) on Cedar Creek.  Several local families, the Moormans, Clarks and Johnsons were Quakers and, about 1744, established a Camp Creek Monthly Meeting (MM) on Camp Creek in Louisa County.

Key parishes in the Louisa County area

 

1722

CEDAR CREEK MEETING was in Hanover Co., VA, in the region
of Richmond. Cedar Creek was founded by Friends of the Upper
James River by 1722, when Edward MOSBY was directed by
the Henrico Meeting to erect a meeting house close to the creek.
The Friends at Cedar Creek remained under the care of the Henrico
Meeting until 1739, when those attendees at that meeting house
united with the Henrico Friends that were located in Caroline Co., and
formed a meeting separate from Henrico. Cedar Creek was sometimes
also referred to simply as the “Upper Meeting” in the Henrico records.
Cedar Creek experienced a period of immediate rapid growth, and
soon encompassed Friends residing in the present-day counties of
Albemarle, Amelia, Bedford, Campbell, Caroline, part of Charles
City, Goochland, Halifax, Hanover, Henrico, Louisa, Orange and
Culpeper, and also in the independent City of Richmond.
Mt. Pleasant Meeting, in Frederick Co., VA, was [also]
probably referred to as Cedar Creek from time to time.

1725

JOHN JOHNSON, son of JOHN JOHNSON of Hanover County and ELIZABETH ELYSON [ELLISON], dau. of GERERD ROBT. ELYSON of New Kent County, married on 6 day., 8 mo., 1725.

From Rhoda Moorman Coffin, Her Reminiscenses, Addresses, Papers and Ancestry, p. 17.

John III, son of John and Lucinda [Blake] Johnson, married ELIZABETH ELLISON, 8th month 6, 1725. The marriage took place at the New Kent “particular meeting”, and is recorded in the records of Henrico Monthly Meeting, of which the Ellisons are now members.

Marriage Certificate of JOHN JOHNSON and ELIZABETH ELEYSON.

Whereas, JOHN JOHNSON, son of JOHN JOHNSON of Hanover County and ELIZABETH ELLYSON daughter of GERED ROBT ELLYSON of Newkent County have proposed their intentions of Marage before two severall meetings of the peopell caled Quakers who after dew Enquire of their Clearness and it appearing to them that theay weare Cleare from all others on acct. of Mariage and that ye Relations of ye Sd. JOHN & ELIZABETH were consenting to their Mariage Did give Consent that the Sd parties should accomplish their Intentions.

Wee therefore whose names are Under writen doe Certifie all whome it may Concern that the sd JOHN JOHNSON and ELIZABETH ELLYSON did at a publick Meeting held of ye sd peopell in ye Meeting House in New Kente County 2/3 Sixt Day of ye Eight month one thousand Seven Hundred and tweenth and ‘five

Then and their take Each Other for Wife and husband He the Sd JOHN taking; her the sd ELIZABETH by the hand and declaring: that before this Meeting I take ELIZABETH ELLYSON for my weded wife as long as we shall both live and she the sd ELIZABETH then and their Likewise Declaring: that before this meeting I take JOHN JOHNSON for my weeded husband as long as wee shall Live and for Confirmation thereof the sd JOHN JOHNSON and the sd ELIZABETH doth seet their hands.

JOHN JOHNSON  ELIZABETH JOHNSON

And wee whose names are under are witnesses:

GERD. ROBT ELLYSON  Danll Willmoee  John Crew  John Elmore  Thos Elmore John Crew Jur  Robert Ellyson  Elizabeth Johnson  Benj Johnson  Mary Elmore Andrew Crew  Agathy Crew  John Scott Jur  Judeth Ellyson  Thomas Stanley  Judeth Scott  Agniss Ellyson  Ciscelly Willmore

Taken from the original records of the Monthly meeting held at Henrico, VA, 1699-1756

FN 22  The Ellisons were conspicuous figures and devoted laborers in the work of St Peter’s parish from the earliest history of the colony. They appear to have grasped the spiritual teachings of the Quakers early in th ecentury. General Ellison owned a number of slaves whose names are on the parish records, 1721 and later.

JOHN JOHNSON now styles himself of Hanover County, which was close on the border of Henrico, and was erected in 1720.

These early Virginia settlers were migratory, and made many changes in their localities of living. The Meetings also were moved from place to place. It is possible that one reason for these changes was the painful experience and unrest into which many were brought because – as was officially stated – “We Can not for Consience sake pay the Priests dews & other Church demands.”

[Note from WHB: Obviously, portions of the text below appear garbled. I did not have access to the original source and have posted another researcher's transcription of the meeting minutes. I suspect that the out-of-place type characters are a legacy of the time when various word processing software programs had incompatible features (which can still be seen when foreign words with umlauts or other accents are concerned).]

John Johnson appears to have suffered on religious grounds by distress for tythes, having stood against the tything system and been forced by the high Sheriff to yield.

The following minute is taken from the original records.

1748

“At our Monthly Meeting held in Caroline

* In 1748 a new Clergy bill was passed. It was based on and
is essentially the same as that of 1737. The Collectors were now given power to distrain on ” slaves, goods, and chattels of the person or persons chargeable therewith.” There was no provision for any Class of Dissenters.

In a protest to the Governor and Assembly in 1739 against these forced payments the Quakers stated:

“We pay all taxes for support of Government, we transgress
no laws of trade, we keep back no part of the revenue due to the crown, the publick are not charged in the leaste with our poar, and we nevertheless willingly contribute to the publick poar, and endeavor to follow peace with all men.” Quakers continued to suffer under the provisions of the laws on ” Church rates ” and ” Militia fines.” It was reserved for the trying days of the Revolution to snap asunder the bonds of Church and State.— Southern Quakers and Slavery, pp. 152, 153.

283

Ancestry

County, Y^ 11th 9th mo. 1757, by report from
Ameha meeting of Friends Sufferings, John
Johnson had taken from liim tilings to the value
of seven pounds, ten shillings.”

By the middle of the century — the eighteenth
— the Johnson f amihes had extended their bound-
aries into Hanover, Campbell, Louisa and ad-
jacent counties. John Johnson and his ^^ife
Elizabeth, after li^4ng many years in Hanover
County, left their native state and removed to
Xorth Carolina, taking their grandson, John
Johnson, with them. Remaining there but two
and a half years, we find them again at their
home in Hanover County, Va.

” At our Monthly Meeting held at Cedar Creek 14th
day of 12 mo 1765 John Johnson made application to
this Meeting for a few hnes by way of a certificate for
themselves and families in order to join the Monthly
Meeting of Friends at New Garden Xorth Carolina.

1754

He married 7th m.o.
13, 1754, Lydia Watkins,^^ daughter of Benja-
min and Priscilla Watkins of Goochland County.
The Watkins were probably members of Genito
meeting. Concerning their marriage, and later,
their place of residence, the records of Cedar
Creek JMonthly Meeting show the following:

” At a Monthly Meeting at our usall place in Caro-
line the 8th 6th mo 1754, John Johnson & Ledy Wat-
kins Published their entention of Marringe it being the
first time. Charles Johnson & Garrat Ellison are op-
pointed to Enquire the Clearness of John Johnson &
make report to next Meetg.

At a Monthly Meeting held at Cader Creek the 13th
7 mo 1754 Those Friends Oppolnted to Enquire into
the Clearness of Jo”. Johnson & Ledy Watkins Gives
Clear Account. John Johnson and Ledy Watkins Pub-
lished their Entention of Marriage the Second time
and are Left to their liberty to consumate their Mar-
riage According to the ^ood Rules Used amongst us.”

2T The Watkins Family, like the Ellison’s, are found contem-
porary with the Johnsons on the very early parish records of
St. Peter’s in New Kent county, and belonged to the first
established Quaker meetings of Virginia. Henry Watkins Sen.
subscribed 500 pounds of tobacco in 1699, and Henry Jr. fifteen pounds, to build a meeting house. Lewis Watkins and Margaret Stone were married in St. Peter’s, Jan. ye 6, 1712, and had a family.

284.

Ancestry

9/14/1754i Friends Oppointed to attend the Mar-
riage of John & Ledy Watkins Give a good Account
of the Proceedings of the same.

Whereas John Johnson son of John Johnson of the
Count}^ of xVmelia and Lvdia Daughter of Benjamin
Watkins, Deceased, of the County of Goochland hav-
ing declared their intentions of taking Each other in
MaiTiaore before Several Monthlv IMeetincrs of the Peo-
pie Called Quakers in Hanover County according to the
good order Used amongst them and were Approved of
by the Said Meeting and ha^^ng Concent of Parrents
& Friends Concerned The Sd John Johnson Sz Lydia
Watkins Appearing in a Publick ^Meeting of the afore-
said People held at Ceder Creek in the sd County of
hanover on the IStJi Day of the Seventh Month 1754-
and then and there in the Said assembly the Said John
Johnson did take the Said Lydia Watkins by the hand
and openly declare as follows, You are my Witnesses
that I take Lydia Watkins to be my Wife promising
to be unto her a true Sz Loving Husband L^ntill Death,
or words to the Same Effect, and then immediately
the Said Lydia Watkins having the said John Johnson
by the hand did openly declare as follows You are my
Witnesses that I take John Johnson to be my Hus-
band promising to be unto him a true & Loving wife
untill Death, or words to the same Effect, & the said
Johnson i^’ Lydia Watkins his now wife for a further
Confirmation of the ^Lirriage have hereunto subscribed
their Names the Sd Lydia Watkins yakes upon herself
the title & Siraame of the sd Johnson, and we whose

285

Rhoda M. Coffin

names are hereunto Subscribed being Present at the
Solemnization of the said Marriage & Subscription
aforesaid Have as Witnesses Set our hands.

John Johnson
Lydia Johnson
Benjamin Harris Benj Watkins Necka Stone
Strangeman Hutchins Jos Newby

To the Monthly Meeting at South River

Dear Friends

John Johnson a
member of our Meeting having removed within your
limits ; and requested our Certificate for himself, his
wife Lydia, & children Susana, John, Thomas & Lidia,
and their affairs being settled to Satisfaction as far as
we find, We do therefore recommend them to your
care and notice and remain your friends,

Signed by order and on behalf of our Meeting held
at Cedar Creek in Hanover County the 9th day of the
5th month 1789.

By Mica j ah Crew Clerk.
Rachel IMoorman Clk.

Eoth John Johnson IV and his wife Lydia,
appear to have been devoted Friends. Their
names frequently occur on the meeting records
as witnesses to marriages of their neighbors and
kinsmen. John Johnson, Sen., died 8th month
31st 1816 at a small settlement called Ivv Creek,

286

Ancestry

Bedford County, Va., at the age of eighty-four.”®
The death of his \nfe is not on record.

1765

8/9/ 1765 Agreeable to an order Made some time
past, John Harris had Enquired Into the life and Con-
versation of John Johnson and Elizabeth his wife, and
John Johnson their grandson, who hath produced cer-
tificates for them which was read approved and signed.

1768

Cedar Creek, Mo. :\leeting held 3/12/1768. There
were produced to tliis Meeting Certificates from New
Garden in North Carolina for John Johnson and his
wife Elizabeth, and their grandson John Johnson, bear-
ing date 9/26/1767.-’^ ”

26 Taken from the original records of Cedar Creek Monthly
meeting, 1754-1803.

283

Hhoda M. Coffin

Children of John III and Ehzabeth [Ellyson]
Johnson: John, Jessie, James, Gerard, William.

John IV, son of John and Elizabeth [Ellyson]
Johnson, was born 1732.

 

Children of John Johnson IV and Lydia
[Watkins] Johnson: Judith, Susanna, James,
Samuel, Joseph, John, born 2d mo. 5. 1766,
Thomas, Lydia.

1766

John Johnson IV, the sixth cliild of John,
Sen., and Lydia [Watkins] Johnson, was born
2d month 5th 1766.

Very little is known of his personal liistor\\
His name is found in the record of births of
Cedar Creek ]Meeting.

As the years went on and the Johnson families
multiplied, they changed their localities of living,
as we have already stated, and many are found,
in time, in Louisa, Campbell, Bedford and
Amelia Counties. The man-iage of John Jolin-
son, Jun. (V) is recorded on the minutes of
South Biver ^lonthly ^Meeting:

1789

John Johnson of Bedford County, and Rhoda Moor-
man of Campbell County-, married 10th mo. 21, 1789,
at South River Meeting house.

[WHB Notes - This is not the JOHN JOHNSON who is in my ancestral line. I suspect it is my ancestor's first cousin, who is the son of Benjamin Johnson.]

The marriage certificate was signed by twenty-
seven members of their families and kinspeople
who were witnesses to their marriage.

Bhoda Moorman was the daughter of Micajah

-s South River Monthly Meeting records.
29 Taken from the original reccrrds.

287

Rhoda M. Coffin

and Susannah ISIoorman, and the seventh child
of a family of thirteen children. She was born
at Lynchburg, Virginia, 8th month loth, 1769.

Here Jolin, Jun. (V) and liis wife lived
till his death, wliich took place January 14,
1803.

Rhoda [Moorman] Johnson was left a
widow with seven children. James, the young-
est, was born six weeks after his father died.

so

Micajah Moorman was one of the most prominent early-
settlers in Campbell Co., Va. He was one of the ” gentleman ”
trustees into whose hands John Lynch vested the ” land to be
laid off in lots and to whom the Genfiral Assembly granted a
charter, October 1786 for ” a town to be known by the name of
Lynchburg. “Lynchburg and its people,” p. 23 and 68. As
long as he lived he was a conspicuous figure in the town and is
still held in honored memory by its people.

He was a Quaker and ceased to hold slaves after the Society declared against the practice. Lynchburg, as late as the year 1800, had upwards of one thousand slaves. Stephen Grelette, a travelling Quaker
minister, says in his journal, “the slaves in that part of the
country are treated with more cruelty than I have seen else-
where.” (“Life of Stephen Grelette.”)

A quaint and interesting instrument is recorded upon the
Campbell Co., Va., records showing that William, James, and
Christopher Johnson, emancipated twenty-four negro slaves in
1782, probably after the conscience of the Quakers had caused
them to take decided steps against their members keeping negroes
in bondage. There are ” disownments ” on record of Thomas
Johnson, Samuel Johnson, Samuel Moorman, and others, as late
as 1795 ” for hiring slaves,” ” for holding a slave,” ” for pur-
chasing a slave,” and like misdemeanors respecting slavery.

Such were the environments of Rhoda [Moorman] Johnson
during her younger years.

288

AXCESTEY

The decease of her father, Micajah Moorman, took place 1806. By his will, placed upon record, November 25th, 1800, he left large tracts of land in the State of Ohio to his wife, Susannah, and to his daughter Rhoda and other of his children, and stated in his will that, ” I desire my wife and her children, who care to, to move to the places in Ohio left them by me.”

A great tract of land which was originally of the large military tract set apart by the Government to the State of Ohio, and lay in Warren
County, was purchased from Jacob R. Bro^vn in 1799, by a Quaker named Abijah O’Xeall.

Ohio became a state in 1803, and for many reasons which we cannot here discuss, was an inviting field for the migrating Quakers of Virginia to possess. ” There were no grave obstacles,” says Stephen Weeks, ” in the way of its peaceful conquest, save Indians and distance.”

With irrepressible energy Rhoda [Moorman] Johnson set out on the long journey to Ohio in 1809 with her seven children. Her certificate ^-
of membership addressed to Center Monthly Meeting of Friends, Clinton County, Ohio, dated 11th mo 11th 1809, recommends her and

31 Probate Records, Campbell Co., Va., Xov. 25, 1S06.

32 Taken from ” Certificates of Remo\al,” by South River
Monthly Meeting of Friends, Campbell Co., Va.

289

Rhoda M. Coffin

her children, — the name of each child given, — to
the ” Christian care and oversight ” of Friends in
her new home and surroundings. They were
accompanied by her mother, Susannah Moorman,
and her granddaughter, Molly Moorman, and
other emigrants, all of whom settled in Ohio.
A large number of relatives and friends had pre-
ceded them to ” Miami,” Ohio, in the early spring
of 1806, among these were her brother Charles
Moorman and his family, and eight Johnson
families, together with the Terrells and Butter-
worths.

Mrs. Coffin gives an interesting sketch of her
Grandmother Johnson in Chapter I, page 6, of
this book.

The children of John, Jr., (V) and Rhoda
[Moorman] Johnson,^^ Joseph, born 4 mo 7,
1791; Micajah, born 12th mo 28, 1792; John VI,
born 1st mo 3, 1795; Charles, born 1st mo 14,
1797; Polly ,^^ born 1st mo. 14, 1799; Lewis, born
3rd mo 7, 1801; James, born 2d mo. 25, 1803.

John Johnson VI, the third son, and the
father of Mrs. Rhoda M. Coffin, was born near
Lynchburg, Virginia, 1st month 3d, 1795. He
was twelve years of age when the family removed
to Ohio.

33 From the original records of South River Monthly Meeting
Minutes.

34 Afterwards called Mary.

290

Ancestry

He married Judith Faulkner,-^’ daughter of
David and Judith Faulkner, oth month 22d,
1810.

The list of their children will be found on
pages 10 and 11.

“•” The Faulkners were of the northern u-ing of emigrants who
were early settlers in P” rede rick County, Virginia, at Hopewell
Monthly Meeting [or Opequon], and were there as early as 1751.
Some members of the family who came from Culpepper Co. are
found in the more southern settlements in 1766, and others went
to Xorth Carolina in 1754. But this branch of the family lived
in Frederick County.

David Faulkner was born June 25th, 1749. He married, 1770,

Judith Thornburg, daughter of Abel Thornberg and

Brooks.

The Brooks family went from Culpepper C-o., Va., to Han-
over County, Va., the middle of the century. John Brooks pur-
chased land in Louisa County, Va., in 1748.

On March 2^, 1788, Jesse Faulkner conveyed to David Faulkner
a tract of 12S acres of land described in the deed as lying in
the drains of Opequon Creek in Frederick County, Va., and the
following day Thomas Barnett conveyed to David Faulkner six
acres adjoining the first mentioned tract. (Deed book 26, p.
-275-277. Frederick Co. Records Winchester, Va.) On February
5th, 1800, David and Judith Faulkner conveyed this same tract
of land described in the deed — 129 acres — to James Curl. The
Opequon Creek flows through a portion of Apple Pie Ridge.

Again on September 9, 1809, David Faulkner gives a deed
of release to James Curl for the unpaid purchase money on the
same 129 acres, and in the deed he refers to himself as “David
Faulkner of Green County, Ohio, formerly of Frederick Co., Va.”

Children of David and Judith [Thornberg] Faulkner.

Mary died in infancy; Martha, married “William Walker; Jesse,
married Hannah Slieppard; Phoebe, married William Ballard;
Thomas, married Elizabeth McGuire; David; Mary, married
Thomas Johnson; Judith, born April 3d. 1797, married John John-
son; Solomon, married Ruth Beiles; Rachel, married Thomas Ar-
nett. See Chapter I, pages 6-7.

291

 

 

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